Heckeneibe, Taxus baccata - Care of the yew as a hedge plant

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A Heckeneibe can be an attractive and opaque enrichment in the garden if it gets the proper care. From the choice of the best location to the procedure for waste, there are therefore a number of factors and requirements to consider. If this is emphasized in the culture, the evergreen plant proves to be relatively undemanding and easy to maintain. It is therefore also very suitable for beginners and anyone who wants to relax in the countryside.
When choosing the location hobby gardeners may decide almost completely free. Sun or shade, in both and everything in between the Heckeneibe thrives. It should be noted, however, that the yew grows much slower in the shade than in a clear space. So if you want a quick view protection, with a shady location for the Heckeneibe not well advised. The plants need neither protection from wind nor weather, they are quite robust and resistant. Even on a large distance to other plants or paving slabs and walls can be dispensed with. The roots of the yews are not destructive and therefore pose no danger to stones, pipes or pipes.
Choosing the substrate for the hedge grinder is just as easy as finding a suitable location, because actually, she is satisfied with just about everything. The soil should only be well drained, because waterlogging or a compacted soil is not good for the yews. Optimal would be a coarse and loose substrate that may like to be rocky. Fresh garden soil, sand and peat in equal parts are an ideal combination. If you want to do without peat, you can replace it with coconut fibers. Tip: In the case of high groundwater, a drainage layer should be applied under the substrate.
The best time to plant the honeysuckle is in the spring, after the last frost. The date should therefore be between March and May.
The following guide will help to create the basis for a dense and healthy hedge:

  1. The desired course of the hedge is optionally sketched by a tensioned thread, rods or chalk.
  2. In order to favor the growth, a ditch should be excavated instead of individual planting holes. This is at least twice as wide and deep as the root ball. If you want to promote a fast and strong prosperity, make the planting trench larger.
  3. If necessary, a drainage layer is first applied to the ground. This can consist of larger stones, potsherds, grit or gravel.
  4. The substrate mixture described is filled so high in the excavated space that closes the root axis when adjusting the plant with the earth's surface. An addition of horn shavings or blue grain favors a strong start.
  5. The young yews are used at a distance of about 40 cm. Even 60 cm are possible and in the long term the better choice, because the individual plants do not compete with each other.
  6. The trench is filled with substrate, which is subsequently tapped.
  7. Immediately after planting should be poured abundantly.
to water
During the first year of operation, the hedge grinder needs a constantly moist but not wet substrate. An adapted to the needs casting is therefore mandatory. After this initial phase, however, the additional watering can be greatly reduced as the plants feed themselves after growth. Only in case of persistent dry weather should watering can or hose be used afterwards. It does not matter if the dry season falls on summer or winter. In winter, however, it should be noted that it is poured on mild, frost-free days. Tip: The Heckeneibe not only tolerates lime, but even needs it. Casting with hard water is therefore an advantage.
As with plants, blue seed and horn shavings are also used for fertilization. Alternatively, a coniferous or pine fertilizer may be used. The additional nutrient intake occurs for the first time in the spring of the second year of gestation, ideally, shortly after the renewed budding begins. One gift per year is enough.
The Heckeneibe needs no waste and grows well without him. She tolerates him very well. The blending can therefore be completely dispensed with or made into old, woody plant parts. This is possible throughout the year on frost-free days. Ideally, however, is an appointment before budding in the spring. In old Heckeneiben, which verkahlen or dry up at the lower end, should be done on these parts a radical blend. This has a rejuvenating effect. Tip: Due to the toxicity of the yew, skin contact with the fresh interfaces should be avoided.
  • If the Heckeneibe has become bald below, it can even be extremely curtailed, because it drives out of the old wood again.
  • It is best, however, once a year to shorten all outstanding shoots.
  • In order to avoid the concealment in the lower part of the hedge, it should be trapezoidal, ie slightly narrower at the top than below, so that enough light falls in the lower area of ​​the hedge.

Basically, the Heckeneibe can be cropped all year round, but the best time for this is the early spring, before the new budding begins. If the cut takes place during the summer months, however, the hedge should first be carefully examined for bird nests, as many species of birds like to use the honeysuckle for their breeding grounds.

A winter protection is not necessary at the Heckeneibe. It should be noted, however, that the yew can dry up in the cold season or at least be damaged by dryness. The soil should therefore be moistened in frost-free phases. Waterlogging is urgently to avoid.
Typical care mistakes, diseases and pests
The Heckeneibe can harm only a few diseases and pests. Dangerous are:
  • fungal infections
  • Scale insects
  • weevil
Fungal infections, which are indicated by musty odor and discoloration of the needles, occur almost exclusively in a culture that is too wet. The best prevention is therefore achieved by drainage and adapted pouring. Once attacked by fungi, the yew can still be treated by removing the affected parts and using fungicides.
If pests or even feeding marks are found on the honeysuckle, the plants should be rinsed off with medium to strong water pressure, optionally at dawn or dusk. If this measure alone does not improve, covering or replacing the soil and the use of appropriate insecticides can end the infestation.
The most common care error relates to the water balance of the hedge. Moist substrate is optimal, but wetness and dryness are not.
Frequently asked questions
  • Is the Heckeneibe poisonous? - Leaves, wood and fruits of the yew contain toxins that can lead to life-threatening conditions even in very small quantities. Both in pets and in humans. It is out of place in a garden where children or animals are playing, being ripped off the plants or even moving their hands and paws into their mouths and mouths. In addition, any skin contact must be avoided when cutting the Heckeneibe.
  • Is the yew suitable for shape hedges? - Due to the dense growth and good cut compatibility, the hedge disc can be brought into extraordinary shapes. However, due to the slow growth, some patience is necessary.
Worth knowing about the Heckeneibe soon
The Heckeneibe (Taxus baccata) is one of the popular hedgerows, because it is evergreen and therefore offers a good visibility and wind protection even in winter. It can be used for a very tall hedge, because it is up to four meters high, but can be easily maintained at any desired height by a regular cut. The hedge sedge grows very slowly, forming many branches with numerous soft needles in a deep green color, which make such a hedge very dense. But it is also suitable for smaller hedges that surround individual areas in the garden. Here it can be planted without hesitation in the vicinity of paths, because their roots are very fine and therefore - unlike other plants that can lift plates and even asphalt - no damage. From July on, a hedge of red berries forms, which are used by the birds as food.
Location and care
  • The Heckeneibe grows best in a sunny or at least bright location.
  • Although it can also be used for a hedge that is in the shade most of the day, it only grows slowly there.
  • She places no special demands on the ground, only it should be well drained, so that no waterlogging arises.
  • So that the hedge becomes dense and later offers a good privacy, the plants are placed at a distance of about 30 to 40 cm.
  • In general, a yew hedge can provide itself with sufficient water. Only in the first time after planting should it be watered regularly.
  • However, as an evergreen plant it also needs water in winter, so it should also be watered during this period during prolonged periods of drought on frost-free days.
  • The Heckeneibe does not need winter protection, because it is very hardy as a native plant.
To cut
The Heckeneibe does not necessarily have to be cut, because it grows slowly with 20 to 40 cm per year. But it is very cut compatible and can therefore be easily maintained at the desired height and width.
  • The Heckeneibe can be easily increased by cuttings.
  • For this purpose, at the end of the summer shoots are cut off and put into pots with potting soil.
  • The soil is then kept evenly moist, so that the cuttings can form their own roots.
  • After the newly grown plants have reached a sufficient height, they can in turn be planted out as hedge plants or as individual trees in the garden.
Attention: toxicity
The Heckeneibe is very suitable as Hedgehog, but has the disadvantage that it is highly toxic. Particularly at risk are horses and pets, but also small children who could eat from the red berries. Because of its high toxicity, the clippings of a yew hedge should therefore not be fed to animals.

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