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Red cabbage is a popular vegetable, which is more often on the menu especially in winter. It can be eaten as a cooked vegetable or as a salad. Other names for red cabbage include red cabbage or red cabbage.
Besides, it has the property of being very healthy. It contains a lot of vitamin C, as well as vitamin A and E. In addition, it is rich in iron and calcium.
If you would like to plant the red cabbage in your own garden, you have the option of sowing the seeds during cultivation and later exposing the small plants. But you can also buy the small plantlets directly from the gardener.
Variety selection of red cabbage
Before starting the actual work of cultivation and maintenance, it is necessary to decide which variety to grow. Red cabbage is usually divided into three different species.
On the one hand, there are the early and medium late cabbages. These are especially suitable for immediate consumption. On the other hand, there is the late red cabbage. This is used more for storage and wintering.
Soil quality and selection of the bed
- Before planting, the soil should be well dug up and loosened up.
- If possible, this can be done in the fall before the cultivation.
- It should be selected a bed on which the last 3 years NO cabbages were grown, thus preventing the infestation of pests on the cabbage.
- Once you have decided on the early red cabbage, we need a rather sandy soil.
- If you want to grow the mid-late or late cabbage, the soil should be loamy.
- Good neighboring plants for red cabbage are various types of lettuce, herbs, leeks and celery.
Before planting, they can use a lime fertilizer for the soil to avoid the acidification of the soil. This fertilizer also serves to prevent the cabbage hernia, a plant disease that can affect the herb.
During the growth phase of the cabbage, a nitrogen and potash fertilizer is recommended.
Location of the bed
Red cabbage loves the sun, but even in partial shade it can still grow well. If possible a place should be chosen which is sheltered from the wind.
Sowing and transplanting
- There are some differences in the different types of cabbage.
- The seed of the Early Red Cabbage can be sown in the house from February. It is best to use a planter. For germination, the herb needs normal room temperature.
- The planting takes place from the beginning of April, when there is no night frost anymore.
- For medium late and late red cabbage, the seeds can be sprinkled directly into the garden bed.
- This can be done from the beginning of April. The planting should take place at the end of May at the latest.
- For all types of cabbage, the grains should be seeded thinly and then covered with little soil.
- If the seedlings later grow about 3-4 leaves, they should be spread about 6 - 8 cm apart.
- When later planting out, attention must be paid to a distance between the individual red cabbage plants. For early red cabbage this is about 40cm, for medium late and late red cabbage about 60cm.
- The root neck should be covered with soil after transplanting.
The bed requires moist soil throughout, so it should be regularly poured vigorously. Since red cabbage is a root crop, it loosens up the soil every so often. Regular weed removal is just as important.
Beginning of June, the harvest of the early red cabbage can be started, in the middle late and late, only from the beginning of August.
The right time has come when you are satisfied with the size of the cabbages. Can be harvested until the first frost, depending on which cabbage they have grown. The red cabbage should not be left too long in the bed, otherwise it could burst.
At harvest, the outer leaves are removed and the cabbage is dug out. If you want to store the red cabbage, you must also harvest the stalk.
Storage and wintering
For entertaining storage is the fridge. Here the red cabbage stays fresh for about 3 to 4 weeks. If a cabbage is first cut, it can be packed in plastic wrap. Over wintering, the red cabbage can best be found in cellars, which are dark and dry.
The stalk is then wrapped with a thin cord, this can also be fixed with tape. Through the basement room, a thick rope is stretched, on which the cabbages are hung upside down. This is necessary so that the herb can not accumulate water and thus does not mold. If tensioning a rope in their basement is not possible, they can also cover their heads in crate warehouses and cover them with straw or jute sacks. But then you have to check regularly that no moisture or mold forms.
Diseases and pests
Red cabbage is often attacked by aphids and ground fleas. To counteract the infestation it is important to keep the soil always moist.
Other pests are the caterpillars of the cabbage white, a butterfly species. Bird protection nets can be stretched for protection. Another possibility is to cover with fleece, which lets water and light through. Common diseases of red cabbage include cabbage hernia, powdery mildew and leaf blotch. As a precaution, dead plant parts should be removed and the soil should be limed.
One or two hobby gardeners may have been afraid of growing red cabbage or the work it entails. But this is not necessary if you know some background information. If these are taken into account, delicious red cabbage can be harvested in autumn.
Location and soil: The red cabbage thrives best in humus, medium-heavy clay soils. A sufficient soil moisture must be guaranteed at all times.
Sowing and planting: The red cabbage should already be precultivated under glass at the end of February. The seeds are seeded thinly and covered thinly with a layer of soil. If the seedlings have developed the first cotyledons, in the jargon that is called run-on, they are pikiert on 6-8cm distance. At the middle of spring, the grown young plants are put outdoors. Here should be kept a distance of 60cm between the rows.
Harvest: With red cabbage one cuts off the outer leaves and reaps the firm heads. If the red cabbage is to be kept for a longer period of time, dig it with the root and hang it upside down in a cool cellar.
Mixed culture: Red cabbage is especially suited for a mixed culture, which consists of cabbage, bush beans, endives and cucumbers.
Pests: Cabbage heme, downy mildew and leaf blotch are the most common diseases of red cabbage. To prevent these diseases, the dead plant material should be removed. Through thorough limescale and regular loosening of the soil to prevent the dangerous Kohlhernie, because a low pH and stagnant soil favor the spread of this fungus.
- All red - medium sized, round, solid and well colored heads, for early
Expo - new permanent cabbage variety, which will be ready to eat in October, high round
Heads, dark purple colored inside and outside.