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Rhipsalis cacti are leaf cacti and better known by the name coral cactus, broom cactus, rodent cactus or whip cactus. They are mainly from Central and South America. However, some species also occur in Africa and Madagascar.
The genus Rhipsalis comprises about 40 species. Most of them have hanging shoots, which is why the cactus are very well suited as a traffic light plants. Especially beautiful are the many flowers, which form with good care. Although they are usually small, but they occur in large numbers. After flowering berry fruits develop. Most Rhipsalis bloom in the spring. In the course of the year, however, it can come to a further flowering. Plants that are cultivated in the summer outdoors are usually more flowering than those that are only considered houseplants.
Rhipsalis are usually easy to care for. They can easily be kept as indoor plants. They hold no hibernation and can be warm year-round. Ideal are temperatures between 20 and 27 ËšC in summer. You need a bright to a half shady location. Midday sun should be avoided, otherwise it can cause burns on the leaves. Rhipsalis can be spent outdoors in the summer, but then in a partially shaded spot, which should also be rain and wind protected.
The cacti like a high humidity. They usually cope with a humidity of between 40 and 60 percent. If she is higher, that is better.
The plant substrate should be peat-based. To give the water a better drainage possibility, sharp sand should be mixed in.
The Rhipsalis do not need a lot of water. One waits with the casting, until the earth is well dried. However, the plant bale should not dry out. What you should definitely avoid is stagnant water. About 10 minutes after pouring, excess water should be removed from the planters or coasters. As a rule, a pouring is required every 7 to 10 days. In summer, at high temperatures, of course, the watering must be increased. Ideal is the irrigation by a dip of the bale. Kalkhaltiges water is not well suited. The plants love soft water. Clean rainwater is ideal.
For fertilizing cactus fertilizer is suitable. You fertilize 14 days to once a month, which is quite sufficient, but only during the period of budding. Once some of the buds have opened, stop the fertilizer.
Woll lice often show Rhipsalis cacti. Collecting is often difficult because you often overlook the little pests. Usually only a chemical fight helps.
The ideal temperatures for hibernation are 16 to 20 ËšC. Over the winter, the Rhipsalis should not be too cold, because the growth suffers. Casting is always when the soil is well dried. The plant bale should not dry out completely. The cooler the cacti are, the less must be poured. To pour too little is much less dangerous than to pour too much.
Rhipsalis cacti are best propagated by cuttings. You cut them from spring to summer. For this one cuts off from the plant a 8 to 15 centimeters long shoot. These are planted directly in a suitable cactus substrate, about 3 to 4 inches deep. It is ideal to put several cuttings close together. For the first few weeks, the plant substrate must be kept slightly moist. Then you can treat the cuttings as adult specimens.
Are Rhipsalis poisonous?
Rhipsalis are often confused with Euphorbia. These are spurge plants. The leaking milk at injury is more or less toxic. Cacti but no such milk. They are usually classified as conditionally toxic or unknown toxic. You should not eat rhipsalis. Animals should also be kept away from the plants.