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Leaves in golden yellow, bright orange and ruby red - many trees and bushes show their best side in autumn. Because at the end of the garden season, they are presenting not only decorative fruits but also a foliage dress in warm tones. While most perennials have long since exceeded their height of flowering, many trees with their magnificent appearance once again ensure splendid colors in the garden.
The star in the autumn garden of our Facebook users Hermine H. and Wilma F. is the Amberbaum (Liquidambar styraciflua). Hardly any other wood has to offer a similarly multi-faceted autumn dress. Its color palette ranges from yellow to orange and red to dark purple. The Amberbaum is over ten feet high, but its narrow crown takes up very little space. The autumn color is in full sun on not too heavy soils the most beautiful. In the Amberbaum there are even some varieties that were bred specifically for their intense autumn color.
Sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua) with autumn coloration
While most fruit trees often discard their green foliage quite early and inconspicuously, the autumnal deciduous fall is almost celebrated by some ornamental shrubs: undoubtedly this includes the copper rock pear (Amelanchier lamarckii). It has a nice growth, pretty white flowers in spring, sweet fruits in summer and an attractive autumn color, ranging from yellow to orange red. The practical thing is that the rock pear usually does not need a cut - this is the only way it can develop its typical growth habit.
The pear has something to offer the whole year - first white flowers, then sweet fruits, finally colorful leaves
The color change of orange-red autumn dyer usually turns from yellow to orange to red. The foliage of the wing-spindle shrub (Euonymus), whose leaves glow rosy in autumn, is different. Here, the color changes from green to red, as well as the three-leaved wild wine (Parthenocissus tricuspidata). The same applies to yellow autumn dyers such as field maple, witch hazel and ginkgo, except that green is followed by yellow.
The ginkgo is known for its golden autumn color
Responsible for the color change are different degradation processes in the sheet and the different dyes. Furthermore, older trees usually stain better than young ones. In addition, the soil, the location and the weather determine how beautifully the plants transform. However, nature can also be influenced a little: a particularly sunny, rather dry, sheltered place and low fertilizer inputs or a leaner soil of itself favor a beautiful play of colors. A high nutrient content and too much moisture, however, have a negative effect on the autumn magic. In addition, not all specimens of the same species stain in the same intensity.
In addition, the weather has a major impact on whether the fall coloration lasts long or weak. For example, a strong early frost or a strong storm can quickly end the natural spectacle. In wind-protected places, the leaves adhere to the tree longer.
Spindle shrub (Euonymus alatus, left), flower dogwood (Cornus florida, right)
The spindle shrub (Euonymus alatus) shows pink-red leaves in autumn. He is only three meters high, but almost twice as wide. The dogwood (Cornus florida) has an intense dark red autumn color. He is a true all-rounder, because his flowers and fruits are also extremely decorative.
Fruit decoration in autumn
Still other plants support the autumn magic with striking fruit decoration - above all the ornamental apples. What is not processed into jelly benefits the local animal kingdom. Rowanberry, rosehip and hawthorn also provide additional food. A treasure from China is the love pearl bush (Callicarpa). It bundles violet berries into dense grapes, which decorate the loosely branched shoots until winter.
In autumn, the foliage of the love pearl shrub turns reddish-orange
Some shrubs and grasses also enrich the autumn garden with their colorful foliage. Golden yellow leaves contribute to the end of the season the funkies. Bergenia are wintergreen, but turn bright red on lighter, not too moist soils. Also, the large group of cranesbill species with beautiful autumn dyers such as the blood cranesbill (Geranium sanguineum) and the Caucasus Cranesbill (G. renardii) on. One of the most beautiful ornamental grasses with autumn color is the Kentish Millet (Panicum virgatum).
Even if the days are shorter - make the autumn like our user Brigitte H.at your favorite season! When the sun has driven away the morning fog, the garden beckons, not just to put a few bulbous flowers in the bed before the end of the season or to give some frost-sensitive perennials a winter shelter. Enjoy the splendor of color in the garden at this time of the year.