Zimmerbambus, Gl├╝cksbambus - species, care and cutting


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room bamboo

Bamboo is beautiful dense and beautiful green and above all always grows, even in room culture, with little care? No doubt, even if the "room bamboo" is actually a sweetgrass or a dragon tree. Get to know the room bamboo offered by us, including the real ones, along with their requirements for care and trimming:

Wanted: Bamboos for room keeping

  • The term room bamboo is quite stretchy
  • The most common room bamboo is a sweet grass
  • The lucky bamboo is a dragon tree
  • Both sold more often than real Zimmerbamboo
  • Real bamboo for indoor keeping is also available
  • For pure room keeping in a few ways
  • A bucket attitude in the conservatory have grown a few bamboo species more
  • They too are performed, the transitions from the room / terrace / conservatory can be fluent

room bamboo

The most well-known Zimmerbambus is called botanically "Pogonatherum paniceum" and is not bamboo, but a krautig growing grass from the order of the S├╝├čgrasartigen, family S├╝├čgr├Ąser, same subfamily (Panicoideae) as sugar cane and corn.
The room bamboo Pogonatherum paniceum is not bamboo, but a perennial sweetgrass that is also referred to as Seychelles grass, bamboo grass or bonsai bamboo (which has nothing in common with a bonsai-cultured bamboo).

Pogonatherum paniceum

Pogonatherum paniceum grows in perennial mats with upright stalks at the base and grows between about 30 to 60 cm high. The stalks are 1 to 2 millimeters thick, quite hard at the bottom, and usually without ramifications, while at the top of the area are densely branched tufts. This room bamboo is said to blossom, with yellowish, up to 3 centimeters long bunches of perennial flowers, but there are no pictures or testimonies about the development of the flowers.
The genus of the popular "Zimmerbambus" is called Pogonatherum, is predominantly tropical and subtropical widespread and has except P. paniceum the following species:
  • Pogonatherum biaristatum with native Hainan Islands, China
  • Pogonatherum crinitum with home in tropical and subtropical Asia
  • Pogonatherum rufobarbatum comes from the Indian Assam
These grasses are cultivated in their home regions, but only very rarely and in stock exchanges offered to us as in the trade.

maintenance

room bamboo

The Zimmerbambus sold with us is the most widespread representative of the Pogonatherum
  • It grows on the Arabian Peninsula and in tropical Asia, in the countries from Afghanistan to Taiwan.
  • There at sea level, but also on mountain slopes up to 2300 meters altitude, on sandy and rocky ground, on the road or on the riverside
  • P. paniceum develops strong roots that give good support on dry soil and rocky ground
  • A bit like a weed, that's why P. paniceum grows in every quality substrate
  • Sunny location, in the summer like outdoors
  • Keep rootballs moist throughout without waterlogging
  • Increasing the humidity by spraying or showering is occasionally advisable
  • In the growing season from spring to autumn fertilize every 2-4 weeks with liquid fertilizer
  • During the growth phase, our living room temperatures are around 20┬░ C right
  • Hibernation at 15 - 18┬░ C and slightly limited supply
  • Or cultivate at higher room temperatures and full supply
  • Cutting is not a duty, but z. B. possible for thinning
  • If necessary (usually once a year), it is repotted whenever possible in the spring
  • P. paniceum can be propagated from seed, root shoots or by dividing the (too large) root
  • The genus relatives are cared for in the same way as P. paniceum

lucky bamboo

Also very common is the lucky bamboo, which is so gladly given away for Christmas and New Year's Eve. The lucky bamboo comes as a single shoot with a few leaves therefore, which is intended as a lucky charm for a few weeks to decorate the apartment; sounds very much like Zimmerbambus.
But if he is not, the Lucky Bamboo is not necessarily meant to be cared for like a houseplant. For the Lucky Bamboo in its original form of sale usually need no care instructions, but only a faucet and a vase for the rootless shoot.
Although you can make a houseplant out of the trendy chopsticks, it will never become a room bamboo. The lucky bamboo is not a bamboo, but a dragon tree from the genus Dracaena. As a lucky bamboo are currently mainly sold Dracaena fragrans stedneri and D. braunii (sanderiana). Probably, however, most of the currently 113 known tropical / subtropical Dracaena species can be pulled like a lucky bamboo and eventually appear in our trade.
This is how the Lucky Bamboo becomes a decorative and easy-care indoor plant:
  • Rooted the shoot in water
  • Plant dragon tree in soil and let it grow in well
  • Cut away most of the "naked" shoot
  • And wait, dragon trees are so outrageous that Lucky Bamboo should soon turn down everything
  • Branching joy are also dragon trees, the first branch can follow more
  • This treatment can be repeated until the single shoot becomes a wide-bred houseplant
  • Care as described for dragon trees, which usually grow very easily
  • The tip capped at the beginning of the cutting can be used for propagation
  • Dragon trees rooted easily from cuttings and trunk pieces
  • Hibernation as described in P. paniceum

Real bamboo for interiors

bamboo fargesia rufa

If the room bamboo is to be a real bamboo, that is no problem today. Some of the approximately 1,500 species of bamboo thrive in temperate climates when only the winter cold remains outside, first followed by the specialist in indoor keeping:
1. Bambusa tuldoides (commonly used synonym: B. ventricosa), Buddha Gum bamboo
Very decorative room bamboo with thickened knots, small, pointed leaves and a stature height up to about 2 meters, which may remain in an outdoor location up to the frost line.
The Buddauchauchbambus is also available in a variety with colored leaf decorations: B. tuldoides 'Kimmei' with yellow-green striped stalks and cream to yellow striped leaves.
tip
If there are small children living in the house, the purchase of a Buddha-bamboo should be reconsidered: It develops spines, which can be rather unpleasant for each night's breeding group.
2. Bamboo multiplex (variegata), room bamboo
Robust bamboo with very dense growth, which grows 150 cm in height, in the interior a very bright location, but requires very little water and fertilizer.
3. Bambusa vulgaris, room bamboo
Decorative room bamboo with a thick, yellow trunk that grows indoors in a very bright location with high humidity, lots of water and lots of fertilizer. If one of these three conditions can not be offered, he resents it to the point of atrophied leaves; as well granting from the summer resort at below 5┬░ C plus.
4. Phyllostachys aurea 'Koi'
Phyllostachys aurea 'Koi' wears attractive green stripes on the intermediate knots, green-yellow stripes on the stalks and can be up to 3 meters high in a sunny spot in the house.
tip
Phyllostachys is the bamboo species that is very often sold as an ornamental plant for gardens and of which you may have heard before because of the frequent trouble there with the rhizomes. You might know the name but also from the culinary environment, because Phyllostachys is also the bamboo genus, from which the bamboo is harvested for eating - and the Phyllostachys Zimmerbambus is most probably edible.

Care of the real bamboo in the room

A location in the room should really be expected only the bamboo species just classified as Zimmerbambus. These species have already been tested in our indoor climate with the often not very good lighting conditions and have proven that they can survive.
These species of bamboos can cope with the light conditions that would rather be considered cloudy in their homeland. In the apartment, they should be able to reach a location on the north window, and the south window should be kept two to three meters away. In the dim German winter, however, these room bamboo need a location in really bright interiors, and against summer "refueling" in the open air is nothing to say.
Difficulties are most likely with the humidity, which is in the subtropical home of the bamboo between 60 and 80% and in our living rooms (hopefully, with a view to the mold danger) does not permanently exceed 50%. A discrepancy, which can be alleviated by regular use of a humidifying spray bottle or changing the Zimmerbambus with several thirsty green plants. A single place in dry heating air like Zimmerbambus less, as they evaporate over their many leaves much water.

bamboo fargesia rufa

A summer location in the open is gladly accepted, also room bamboo but on hot sunny days with water should be sprayed, often like. Be careful with direct sun, the bigger the leaves of a bamboo species, the more protection and habituation the bamboo needs.
The pot should provide a room bamboo sufficient root space, it should be transplanted after purchase and only be set so deep that the top of the root ball with the earth's surface in the pot closes.
The substrate should be nutrient-rich, (by mixing in sand) loose and permeable and should be slightly acidic if possible to a pH just below 6 (better with special compost such as bark compost than with environmentally hostile peat). The bamboo roots do not like too much lime (basic pH values), as of pH 7 the bamboo roots can no longer absorb all nutrients. From pH 8, the bamboo is threatened with extinction (but pH levels around or above 8 hardly tolerate a plant). Therefore, you should not pour too calciferous water, very lime-containing tap water is softened by a spoonful of vinegar.
After planting the Zimmerbambus is well-poured and in the consequence the whole year regularly and abundantly watered. With several bamboo plants on a warm summer balcony it is definitely worth installing a pearl sprinkler or a drip irrigation system.
Fertilization is usually done three times a year, in April for budding, in June at the peak of growth, and in September as a winter preparation a potash fertilization. These room bamboos are wintered, as described by the namesakes.

Bamboo in the bucket

The range of bamboos offered for keeping buckets usually does not last long. Nevertheless, it is briefly listed below, as conservatories and greenhouses are converted rooms and are considered as rooms by some gardeners:
  • Chimonobambusa tumidinoda, walking stick bamboo
  • Fargesia murielae 'Jumbo'
  • Fargesia murielae 'Simba'
  • tatea acuminata, Mexican mourning bamboo
  • Phyllostachys aurea in the natural form
  • Phyllostachys aureosulcata f. Aureocaulis
  • Phyllostachys aureosulcata f. spectabilis
  • Pseudosasa japonica
  • Phyllostachys nigra, black tube bamboo, also called P. nigra f. punctata
  • Pleioblastus simonii
The care of the bucket bamboo is designed just like the Zimmerbambus, with the following special features: The bamboo in the large bucket is only suitable for locations in the conservatory and greenhouse, where the humidity can be adjusted to 60 to 80% and the bamboo at least in optimal growth conditions in this regard. The planter should here be at least twice as large as the root ball and be equipped as the smaller plant pot at the bottom with drainage holes. As an optimal substrate for bucket keeping, the bamboo has a mixture of 30% mature compost, 30% pumice, expanded clay, perlite, 20% bark compost (for acidification) and 20% clay.
tip - If you have a very nice, but not just everyday Zimmerbambus or bucket bamboo out, usually comes by appointment in the house. Then make sure that the shipping takes place only at temperatures above 15┬░ C, so your bamboo is not already battered come into the house. You can check on the shipping conditions equal to the seriousness of the dealer, because at reputable dealers do not need to pay attention to the shipping temperature, but the dealer pays attention to it.

Cut bamboo

Two of the presented Zimmerbambussen or Zimmerbambus groups are grasses and can be like any grass (lawn) arbitrarily far and often trimmed, the third is a dragon tree and thus also unproblematic cut compatible.
The extent to which you really want to work with the pair of scissors depends on the growth habit and vigor of the "room bamboo":
  • The sweet grass Pogonatherum paniceum grows by itself to the pleasing Tuff and needs scarcely be circumcised
  • The lucky bamboo, on the other hand, has to be cut very often if you want to pull a big dragon tree out of it
  • Real bamboo in the room has to be trimmed more often because it exceeds the space assigned to it
  • Some real bamboo plants do an annual cut in the spring well
  • o the long shoots of Bambusa vulgaris should be shortened to make a round crown
tip - If you prune your Zimmerbambus, you gain equal material for the propagation, which works mostly already with simple planting cut off plant parts. Pogonatherum can also be propagated by rooting / rooting, rhizome-forming bamboo species by rhizome pieces, horstbildende bamboo species by division of the clumps.

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