Roots and wild fruits as medicinal plants


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Roots and wild fruits as medicinal plants: medicinal

Medicinal plant expert Ursel B├╝hring

Autumn time is harvest time for roots and wild fruits. Deep blue sloes, orange-red rose hips, sea-buckthorn berries, hawthorn, wild apple or medlars lure collectors, gourmets and health-conscious nature lovers in the woods and meadows. Because many roots and wild fruits can be processed not only to delicious juices, muses and jelly, but also to wholesome home remedies. Which fruits, herbs and roots are suitable and what has to be considered in the production, explains our medicinal plant expert.
URSEL B├ťHRINGIn late summer and autumn, there are a particularly large number of wild fruits and roots that are excellent suppliers of vitamins, minerals, tannins, fruit acids and pectin. Whether hawthorn, blueberries, blackberries, elderberries, cornelian cherries, barberries, sloe or the fruits of rowan: You can use these sometimes very ancient cultural and medicinal plants for healing purposes. A certain species knowledge is advantageous, because a number of woody plants has inedible or poisonous fruits.

Wild fruit and the roots of carnation and bloodroot are rich in healthy vitamins and nutrients. Which delicious and health-promoting liqueurs, herbal bitters, teas and tinctures can be conjured up, shows Ursel B├╝hring in the second part of our medicinal plants school.

QUESTION: Is there a similar optimal harvest time for wild fruits and roots as for herbs?
URSEL B├ťHRING: Wild fruits should be fully ripe, that is to say they test taste, color and firmness of the fruits before harvesting. Roots are collected early in the morning in autumn or even in spring.

Roots of bloodroot

Harvest roots from the soil well under running water

QUESTION: Which preservative methods are suitable for creating a winter supply of roots and fruits?
URSEL B├ťHRINGTraditionally, drying the crop is a means of choice. You can also add wild fruits and roots to juice, wine, liqueur, tincture or jam. Deep-freezing is suitable for the kitchen, but less suitable for maintaining the healing power.
QUESTIONWhere to keep homemade root juices, liqueurs, herbal bitters and tinctures on and in which vessels?
URSEL B├ťHRING: Liqueurs and herbal bitters in light or dark glass bottles. Tinctures that are produced without sugar, always in dark, mostly brown dropper bottles, which can be bought in pharmacies.

Soothed and relaxed: hop sherry

Medicinal plants: hops-sherry

The mixture of hops and sherry has a soothing and relaxing effect

Ingredients: 1 clean glass jar, fresh or dried hop cones, dry sherry, 100 - 200 g candy sugar per liter sherry.
Preparation: Fill half of the glass with the hops and sprinkle with sherry to the brim. Place in a warm place for two to three weeks. Shake the jar daily, which will release the active ingredients better. Drain off, add the sugar candy and ripen. The older the liqueur, the better it tastes.
Application: If necessary, drink a liqueur glass full before falling asleep. Hop cones not only give beer the typical spice, they also ensure a peaceful sleep. In nervous drowsiness, irritability, insomnia and fatigue, the interaction of resins, essential oils, flavonoids, tannins and bitter acids turns out to be soothing and relaxing.

Hops slumber pillows

Hops helps to fall asleep

Hops helps to fall asleep

Ingredients: 2 handful of dried hop cones (self-collected or from the pharmacy), 1 cushion cover 20 x 20 cm, possibly stuffed cotton.
Preparation: Fill pillows with hop cones (possibly add lavender blossoms). Sew the open side up so that it can be opened again without any problem: the hops are replaced once a month.
Application: Place the pillow on the pillow next to your head. The volatile ethereal hop oils unfold their calming effect through their warmth and movements and gently accompany you into the realm of dreams.

Hawthorn wine strengthens the heart and circulation

Medicinal plant: hawthorn

Ingredients: 2 handfuls of fresh or dried hawthorn berries, some dried hawthorn leaves and flowers, 1 l organic red wine, 3 tbsp liquid bee honey, 1 sealable glass jar.
Preparation: Fill hawthorn berries in the jar, add leaves and flowers. Fill with wine and add honey. Close the glass and mix the contents well. Place in a warm place for three weeks, shake daily, then pour through a fine sieve. Keep cool and dark.
Application: Drink a glass of it daily over a period of eight to ten weeks.Hawthorn wine is suitable for strengthening the cardiovascular system. It is particularly effective in nervous heart complaints without organic findings, even in the so-called old-age heart, when age-related, the heart strength subsides. The effect builds up slowly and slowly. Recent studies have shown that hawthorn can also prevent atherosclerosis after prolonged ingestion. It also protects the heart muscle from aggressive oxygen radicals.

Rosehip tea refreshes, strengthens and heals

Rose hip tea

Homemade Rosehip Tea contains a lot of vitamins and minerals

Ingredients: 6 teaspoons dried or fresh rosehips from wild or unsprayed garden roses to 0.5 liters of water.
Preparation: Mince dried rosehips - with a knife or in a mortar -, halve fresh. Cover with cold water and let stand overnight. Bring to the boil the next day together with the soaking water. Pour through a tea or coffee filter so that the fine hairs of the seeds do not get into the teacup. Sweet to taste with honey.
Application: To strengthen the immune system, drink a cup three times a day for six weeks. Rosehips contain vitamins A, B, C, E and K. In addition, anthocyanins (dyes that bind to free radicals in the body), carotenoids, minerals (iron, magnesium, sodium), essential oils, lecithin, vanillin and fruit acids.

Tincture of bloodroot roots

Bloodroot roots as a medicinal plant

Roots of tormentil help with inflammation and diarrhea

Ingredients: 1 jar with screw cap, fresh, well-cleaned roots of bloodroot (Potentilla erecta), 50% alcohol (eg vodka).
Preparation: Cut roots into small pieces. Half fill the glass jar and add alcohol to the rim. Place in a sunny spot for three weeks, shake daily, then filter through a fine sieve. Fill in dark dropper bottles (pharmacy).
Application: Externally, the root tincture for inflammation of the mouth and throat is applied: As a rinse ten drops in a glass of water or undiluted with the brush z. B. Apply to the bleeding gums. Internally, bloodworm relieves diarrhea: take 20-30 drops in tea or water three to five times a day.

Herbal liqueur with roots of carnation root

Herbal liqueur with roots of carnation root

The roots of the carnation root are an important part of the herb liqueur

Ingredients: 1 freshly dug up and cleaned rhododendron rootstock, 1 handful of fresh or dried flowers of mallow, marigold, chamomile and yarrow, also 1 handful of peppermint leaves, lemon balm and crushed fennel seeds. 0.5 l of grain or vodka (40%), 1 wire jar, approx. 60 g of fine white candy.
Preparation: Give flowers and herbs in the glass, as well as the small cut roots of the carnation root and the candy. So much alcohol in the glass fill that everything is well covered. Place in a warm place for three weeks, shake daily. Then filter, fill in a clean bottle and ripen for two to three months.
Application: Drink the liquor by the glass, for example as a digestive aid after a sumptuous meal, or as an aperitif.

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