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In addition to the eponymous roses, the rose plants include both small plants as well as shrubs and trees. In total, this is about 90 genera, which in turn consist of about 3000 species. The main subdivision for the systematization of the rose plants takes place in the three subfamilies Rosoideae, Dryadoideae and Spiraeoideae.
Genera of the rose family (Rosaceae)
The rose plants have their home mainly in the northern hemisphere. They grow in a variety of regions, ranging from semi-deserts to rainforests and temperate zones to alpine regions. All of them are herbaceous plants and most of them have alternate leaves. They can be both evergreen and deciduous and have leaves whose edges are often sawn. This plant family, which includes numerous ornamental plants, but also useful plants, is divided into three subfamilies.
- The subfamily Rosoideae consists of the genus Filipendula, which includes all Meadowsweet species and the genus Rosoideae, to which all other members of this subfamily belong. To the latter one counts the roses as well as for example the finger herbs, the clove sausages and the strawberries.
- The subfamily Dryadoideae are trees, shrubs and dwarf shrubs, which include the Silberwurzen example.
- The subfamily Spiraeoideae includes a large number of trees and shrubs, including some core and stone fruit plants such as apple, pear, plum and cherry trees. In addition, this group includes, for example, the shrubs and the feathery spiders.
One of the most popular ornamental plants of the genus of the rose family are the roses, of which there are many species that are divided into cultivated roses and wild roses. They are best planted as bare root plants from October to April, but only when the soil is not frozen, so autumn or early spring is best. Plants in containers, on the other hand, can be planted all year round, planting takes place during the hot months, but it is essential to ensure sufficient irrigation during the growing phase. The location is a sunny place in the garden, where a good exchange of air takes place. This allows the leaves to dry quickly after a rainstorm and is less susceptible to mildew, which often infects roses in the garden. Especially with the high-growing varieties, care should be taken to ensure the necessary minimum distance between several plants.