Rose care during the year - the most important tips


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Roses are popular in every garden. They are also referred to as queens among the flowers. The fragrance can be noticed from afar. Countless colors and types of roses can be cultivated and even grown in your own garden. Their care demands attention throughout the year.

Sorted by quarters, the most important care measures can be summarized as follows:

Rose care in the 1st quarter

  • Check winter protection
  • remove too much snow
  • Removal of winter protection
  • first fertilizing with rose fertilizer

Rose care in the 2nd quarter

  • Removal of the accumulation
  • Easing of the soil
  • Cut the roses
  • weed weed
  • Mulch layer with bark mulch or horn shavings
  • Relaxation of the soil around the rose
  • pour moderately
  • Control pest infestation is present
  • Removal of the wild shoots
  • if necessary combat pests
  • remove dry and withered leaves

Rose care in III. quarter

  • Easing of the soil
  • Supply of water
  • Cut (once blooming roses)
  • Stop climbing roses by tying up
  • Cut of the once-blooming climbing roses
  • Take control over illness and action
  • Fertilization with potassium

Rose care in the 4th quarter

  • remove dry or diseased leaves
  • Planting roses
  • winter protection
  • Pile up the earth
  • Control of winter protection
  • pour something

Now the care instructions and care tips in detail. Started with finding the right location and planting. This is followed by regular care and cutting. Finally, there are tips for refining, multiplying and for the winter.

Location and planting

Already here are important decisions to make. The choice of location is important for the growth of roses and their susceptibility to disease. The following locations are outstanding:

  • sunny
  • enough space
  • East and West location (heat accumulation is to be feared when facing south)
  • humus rich loose soil
  • a place under trees is not recommended

Now that this question has been clarified, prepare the soil accordingly. It offers itself for this purpose a commercially available plant substrate. The following properties should be fulfilled by the substrate:

  • Nährstoffpufferung
  • Stabilization of nutrient content
  • constant pH
  • high pore volume
  • low salt content
  • without weeds
  • no substances that damage roses or other plants
  • excellent water capacity (perfect liquid release)
  • high water absorption
  • good swelling capacity
  • structural stability

It is ideal if you find a pH of 6 to 7. It must be ensured that the liquid can flow away unhindered, in order to avoid a stagnation of the water. A pH soil tester allows the hobby gardener to determine this. Online such a test for less than 5, - Euro offered. The implementation is very simple.

Rose Planting

  1. Roots of roses are open
  2. best planting time October - November (good rooting)
  3. alternative planting time in March
  4. Roots should not dry out before planting
  5. (Storage during the planting process not in the blazing sun)
  6. Water the roses for at least 5 hours in a large container
  7. Excavation of the small plant pit: diameter 40 cm, depth 5 - 10 cm
  8. Easing the soil in the planting hole
  9. Finishing point at least 5 cm below the surface of the earth
  10. Add rose fertilizer directly into the pit
  11. Cut the roots to 15 - 20 cm with pruning shears
  12. Inserting the roses
  13. Carefully fill in rose soil around the root
  14. Move the plant again so that the earth reaches the individual branches
  15. Press firmly on earth
  16. forming a small dam around the rose
  17. Pour

Continuous care and rose cut

Throughout the year, in order to be admired in full glory, the roses must be cared for, such as weeding, loosening of the soil, watering and prevention of pest infestation. The cutting of roses depends on the species. With gardeners, a safe time to start cutting is when the forsythia blooms. In the bed rose, all shoots are cut back vigorously. It should be noted that at least three to a maximum of five buds are preserved. The cut is made obliquely downwards. Frozen and dry branches are also removed. Small shrub roses, also known as groundcover roses, become strong, best cut back with a hedge trimmer. They are very robust and multiply excellent afterwards. The climbing roses cut off all long shoots and the crown is lighted. In more flowering roses, a frequent cut stimulates the formation of new flowers. Once flowering roses, however, should only be lighted once every three years.

Roses ennoble, multiply and hibernate

finishing

  • in summer
  • Cutting the branches
  • Remove leaves, thorns and eyes on stems
  • Cut the bag into the stems
  • Put your eye in your pocket
  • fix
  • Wild shoots above the finishing crop in spring

proliferation

  • Cutting cuttings in late June to early August
  • Removal of the shoots that have just died
  • Cut under the 5th eye
  • Remove flowers
  • Cut off leaves except the topmost leaf
  • Cuttings in prepared earth laws

Cover

  • Humidification of the soil
  • remove cover in constant weather during the day

overwinter

It is important to ensure that the roses are well protected. Because of air circulation, plastic bags should not be used to cover. Around the rose, a small earth wall is formed, the so-called pile up. The soil should be shoveled between 20 - 25 cm around the trunk. Special attention must be paid to the protection of the crowns. These are very sensitive to light.

Buy roses - Editors' tips

  • choose bare root roses in autumn
  • Container roses are expensive
  • Seal of quality General German Rose Novelty Examination (ADR)
  • Check list of more than 150 checked roses
  • pay attention to solid root ball
  • choose resistant rose varieties
  • Branch with small white roots

It is best to buy the plants from the gardener. At the same time you can get a consultation on request. If you decide to buy on the Internet, the terms and conditions, due to the exchange and further instructions are to be followed exactly.

Worth knowing about the rose care in short

For very beautiful roses, a good location must be chosen. They need a lot of care. The first decisions have to be made when buying seedlings or seeds. If all these advices are observed, you will enjoy the splendor of roses all year long. Who observes some basic rules in the rose care, will realize that it is not so difficult. Certainly there are some more sensitive varieties that are more susceptible to diseases or pests, but that is not the rule. Most rose varieties, as well as climbing roses, are absolutely easy to care for and an asset to any garden - no matter how small!

  • Rose care in winter

In the winter there is least to do with the rose care, as only snow must be shaken by the shoots, so that they do not break off. This is especially important with shrub and high stem roses. At the end of March you can then remove the antifreeze measures and provide with special rose fertilizer for nutrients.

  • Rose care in spring

At the beginning of April it is peeled off and as soon as the forsythia flowers it is time for the rose cut. Now the soil has to be loosened and weeds have to be removed. If you like, you can now apply the mulch layer, but do not forget the horn shavings. Now is the time to take preventative measures against rosary diseases. In May must be removed wild shoots! Earth and mulch layer are to loosen. The first pests can occur.

  • Rose care in summer

Targeted countermeasures have to be taken. In June, soil care, game drives and pest control are also important. Withered is removed regularly. July is similar. But here comes the summer cut for once blooming shrub roses. Also, the long shoots of climbing roses must be tied. In August, in addition to the normal irrigation must be provided often enough water... The cut for once-blooming climbing roses is due. In September, caliber fertilization is important. The soil is not processed anymore. Now control of fungal diseases is essential. Remove infected plant parts!

  • Rose care in autumn

October is the planting month for roses. Otherwise it gets quieter around the plants. Only sick leaves have to be removed. Winter protection is applied in November and accumulated at the end of the month. That's it. If necessary, protection can be stepped up again in December.

Video Board: 10 SECRET TIPS TO GROW ROSE FROM CUTTINGS: Hacks // How to Grow Rose Plant from Cuttings.

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