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Rosehip is called the fruit of the rose petals of various wild rose species, of which there are more than 150 species. This is a non-toxic corn nut fruit. Inside its fleshy shell are numerous small nutlets, the actual seeds of the rosehip. The fruits are formed approximately in September / October from the white or pink flowers of wild roses, provided that the plant was not blended after flowering. The dog roses Rosa canina should have the best flavor.
Location and ground
The rose hips or rose hips forming wild roses can be planted in an airy and sunny or partially shaded location. If you have the choice of a sunny or partially shaded location, you should prefer the sunny one, because the sunnier the plant stands, the more luxuriant it will bloom. 4-6 hours of sun are sufficient per day. They thrive on almost every good garden soil, which can be dry to fresh, slightly calcareous and slightly acidic to slightly basic. Highly nitrogenous soils should be avoided, as well as waterlogging and drought, with short-term dryness just barely tolerated.
Root-dead plants can be planted year-round in spring or autumn and containerized, provided the soil is frost-free. Before planting wild roses, the planting area should be deep, preferably two spades deep, loosened and watered the root ball. The planting hole should be so large that the root ball fits comfortably, about 30 x 30 cm. For bare root products, it is advisable to shorten their roots before planting or before watering something. After compost, manure and mineral fertilizer have been placed in the planting hole, the plant can be used, filled with earth excavation and piled with soil. Finally, it is still thoroughly watered.
Tip: After planting, it is advisable to mulch the soil about 10 cm thick, which significantly reduces weed growth. The removal of wild growth in hindsight is difficult due to the numerous spines.
Pouring and fertilizing
- The rosehip needs little care at the right location.
- Only so much water is poured that the soil is neither completely dry nor stunned.
- Even in winter, the soil must not dry out completely.
- Accordingly, minimal watering takes place on frost-free days.
- Regular fertilization is not required.
- When planting fertilizer makes sense.
- You work compost, mineral fertilizer and manure into the ground.
- From the second year of life in the spring and autumn give some compost.
Native wild roses bloom on the biennial wood. Even if a regular pruning is not necessary, it makes sense. Already at the planting a so-called plant cut is made. It cuts the shoots down to a few buds. Otherwise, remove only dead and damaged wood in spring or autumn. After 5-6 years, a stronger pruning is recommended. All branches that are older than two years are cut off close to the ground. Too long or sprawling branches can be shortened by a quarter or half. This promotes the formation of new shoots and rejuvenates the respective rosebush.
Tip: All cuts should be made at an angle, so that water runs well and does not collect on the young shoots. Sufficiently sharp cutting tools can avoid bruising.
For sowing you can remove the seeds from ripe rose hips and free them from the pulp. Thereafter, they must undergo a heat / cold treatment (stratification). Place them in a plastic bag with wet sand, seal them and store them for 2-3 months at room temperature. After that, the whole thing comes in the fridge for 4 weeks. After the cold treatment, it is sown in commercial cultivation soil and moistened the substrate. It takes several months to germinate.
Tip: To separate germinable seeds from non-germinable seeds, place them in a jar of room-warm water for about 24 hours. The above floating seeds are not germinable only those lying on the ground.
Sticks or cuttings
Much more promising is the propagation of cuttings or pickers. Cuttings are cut in summer by almost mature shoots and should have 5-6 eyes. Timber logs are cut in the late autumn before the first stronger frosts of woody engine parts. They should be between 20 and 30 cm long. On cuttings you remove half of the leaves, put them with 2-3 eyes in potting soil and inverts a cling film over it. With plywood the bottom leaves are removed. By spring, they are beaten in moist sand, winterized in a cool and frost-free place, and then placed in loose ground in the garden, so that the uppermost eye looks out of the ground.
In spring or autumn, the desired number of shoots are tapped from the mother plant with a spade for this form of propagation. Then they are shortened by about a third and each of these foothills has sufficient roots, planted in its final place.
- The fully mature rose hips can be harvested in autumn, for example.
- Fruits should be fully colored and still firm.
- Harvest in sunny and dry weather, then drug content is highest.
- After the first frost, the rosehips soften.
- But can still be harvested and processed further.
- Stems and flower buds are removed.
- Then cut the fruits lengthwise.
- Then remove the seeds, including the fine hairs.
- These could cause irritation in the mouth and throat.
- Rinse bowls and pips thoroughly afterwards and possibly chop the shells.
- Do not throw away cores, they can be used to make tasty kernel tea.
Drying and storage
For drying offers a commercial dehydrator or oven. The fruits should not overlap each other when drying, but should always be spread in a layer so that the air can circulate well in between. The easiest way to dry is probably in a dehydrator. In the oven you distribute the fruits loosely on a baking sheet with baking paper. Then push the sheet into the preheated oven on the middle rail and set it first to 75 degrees. The fruits are turned over and over and the oven is set to 40 degrees after about an hour.
The oven door should remain lightly open all the time to allow moisture to escape. You can z. B. clamp a wooden spoon in the door. When the drying process is complete, the oven door is opened and the fruit is allowed to cool completely. Are the rose hips completely dried and cooled, they are ideally preserved in air-permeable containers z. B. in small cotton bags, so that possible residual moisture can escape and the fruits do not start to mold. They are now stable for several months.
Tip: During the drying process in the oven, the drying condition should be checked in between times and the drying time must be shortened or extended accordingly. The pulp must be completely dry.
The rosehip is obtained almost exclusively from wild roses. Among the most common rose hips bearing wild roses are in addition to the dog rose (Rosa canina) and the apple rose (Rosa villosa), potato rose (Rosa rugosa), the rose (Rosa rubiginisa), the mountain rose (Rosa pendulina) and the Pillnitz vitamin rose. All these roses are very modest in terms of location and care. They produce extremely healthy fruits, which are also very decorative and in winter a popular source of food for domestic birds.