The Content Of The Article:
- Tips for hibernation of field roses
- The wintering of tall stem roses
- Hibernate roses in a pot or bucket
- Conclusion of the editorship
For the production of new shoots, flowers and fruits (seeds) in the summer season is only part of the Rose's life and work. The winter time is at least as important. Because this time takes and uses the plant to ripen the shoots of the summer and strengthen the whole supply system, so that for the growth of next year enough forces are available. The following measures help your roses to hibernate:
Tips for hibernation of field roses
Shrub roses should no longer be fertilized after flowering and only in September, when the first leaves start to fall, be sent with a special fertilizer in the winter: You will then receive a dose of potassium fertilizer, the least possible nitrogen and otherwise only a little Contains phosphate. Nitrogen promotes growth, but you do not want to stimulate any new shoots, but give the already scheduled only time to mature sufficiently by winter. For this they need a little phosphate, and otherwise as a winter preparation especially potassium, which strengthens the plant cells as a whole and makes your roses so resistant to cold and winter pests.
Afterwards they are allowed to go into full winter foliage. Although it is often recommended to cut down the shrub roses in autumn to two thirds. However, this recommendation alone has the reason to prevent the wintering of pests in the shoot tips, and it also has disadvantages: If you cut just a little too late or are surprised by an early onset of winter, the cuts can no longer heal properly, your shrub roses would go into the winter in important areas unprotected.
You should rather pay close attention to whether your shrub rose shows any pest infestation, which should eventually be fought in late summer. Of course, only excessively long individual shoots can be cut back.
If the shrub rose then withdrew its food reserves into the trunk and lost its leaves, you should treat it to winter protection. The delicate crown can be protected from the cold wind with a coat of coniferous branches, the lower area is soaked with soil so that the finishing area is completely covered and then covered with bubble wrap, coconut mat or straw.
The wintering of tall stem rosesThe Hochstammrosen are prepared by the fertilizer just like the shrub roses for the winter.
Free-grown high-stem roses are often very sensitive to cold, so they should be particularly well protected. In the lower area they get the cover described above, also the entire trunk should be completely wrapped with a suitable material (straw and plucking, bubble wrap, coconut mat). Because with the Hochstammrosen the refining place lies directly under the crown - it is thus not protected by the accumulation in the root area with.
The entire crown can also be badly covered in a high-stem rose. It is also packed. For this you can either use a special foil from the trade or you simply pack the entire crown in a jute sack.
If your tall rose is still very young and has a suitably pliable trunk, you can simply lay it completely on the ground for the winter break. They then cover the whole rose, especially the entire crown with soil, over which a little brushwood or mulch can be added.
Hibernate roses in a pot or bucketThe purpose of roses in pots or pots is above all to protect them from drying out. Always remember that no water can travel through the roots once the soil is frozen. But since the pot rose only has a smaller earth area, which it can fall back on, it dries much faster than the rose in the field.
So you have to prevent the earth from completely freezing in the pot, which can be achieved by several strategies. If you have the chance, the roses will migrate over the winter into a moist and bright room that does not need to be completely frost-free when the pots are well packed. This can be a cellar with a window or a garage or a shed, even an unheated greenhouse is of course suitable. The pot rose must then continue to be poured throughout the winter.
You can put your tub rose over the winter in a specially protected place outdoors, where it gets enough light. For example, in the protection of a house wall, where it is not directly irradiated by the sun. The bucket must be well packed in any case, with knobbed foil or with several layers of fleece or with coconut mats, so that frost can not penetrate the entire pot in any case.
Remember to well insulate the pot well down, you can z. B. put on a piece of insulating mat, which is left over from the insulation of the facade.
A sturdy plant trolli, perhaps covered with a few layers of coir mat, or another trolley whose floor is far from the ground and can be covered with insulating material.
Even with the pot, the soil is piled, the tub rose should be prepared with special fertilizer for the winter. Now is also the right time to transplant, because it is also important that the planter is large enough: The more generous it is sized, the less likely it is that the entire root zone freezes.
Conclusion of the editorship
Whether you prefer your roses in the bed or in the bucket on the terrace - with a few thoughts for proper care, all the roses are good to bring over the winter and will delight you the next spring all the more eager with their flowers!
Not only with potted roses you have to be careful not to let your roses dry out. Even the roses in the open air are in short supply, when the winter brings long connected times, in which it is constantly cold and dry. This is z. This is the case, for example, when the wind comes from the east for a long time because there is an area of high pressure over Eastern Europe. Then you should give your roses water, even in winter, even at freezing temperatures.
Never use plastic bags that do not let air through to pack your roses! Under such a plastic hood, the air heats up, as if your rose is standing in a sunlit greenhouse. This would drive them out too early, when the sun is shining, but then suffocate because they can not be supplied with air.
Rather, the protection should also prevent the roses from starting very early in the spring. You can achieve this easily by keeping the winter protection on the roses until the last late frosts are over - that is, depending on the region until the end of April or until the ice saints in mid-May.
Today, there are protective covers for the crowns of your roses, which also make themselves useful as a winter decoration. A real fun for children is z. As the winter shelter with the winter farm, which is offered by the Videx Meyer Lüters GmbH & Co. KG 27204 Bassum. These guards decorate the crowns with a series of funny animal faces. With such tools, the children will definitely help packing the roses!