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The best known way of propagating roses is refinement. Usually, this method is left to the professionals, but who has a reasonably green thumb, may like to experiment yourself. First of all, it should be noted, however, that the sale of self-refined rose varieties (neither as a plant nor as a cut flower) is not allowed. For this one needs a license!
Refining roses sounds really easy - but it is not. What you need is either already available, or you can buy it through various gardeners and garden shops. It is particularly important to work with sterile tools during finishing. The smallest trace of a pathogen can ruin the whole work and that is probably not the purpose of the matter.
Refining roses yourself - requirements
- First, you need a pad: These are wild roses, which can be ordered from the gardener. This wild rose is then planted in the garden (in spring or autumn). In the summer you can start with the refining.
- Second, you need the rose variety that you really want to multiply. The wild rose (rootstock) has the good feature that it forms relatively strong roots relatively quickly, the other rose species, for example, has a beautiful flower and a dark foliage.
- For this purpose, cut from the rose, which is to be refined, Reiser.
- All spines are removed, the leaves are cut off so that the petiole stops, because the eyes are sitting over the petioles.
- These are then cut out with a very sharp, sterile knife.
- Now comes the Okuliermesser used. With it, a T-shaped cut is made on the trunk of the wild rose.
- The eye is now placed in the resulting bag. The protruding part is cut off with the sharp knife...
- ... and the resulting refining site is now very firmly connected with a clean rubber band.
- It only takes a few weeks for the refining center to grow and expire.
The license agreement for the rose refinement
If you're passionate about turning roses and your "green thumb" has proven to produce magnificent propagation results on a regular basis, then it's not unthinkable to commercialize Project Finishing. But you must not simply refine any roses whose origin you can not remember at all. But you would have to get your plant raw material from a breeder and conclude a license agreement with the producer about the rose production.
However, you should be able to prove a few years of success that have survived your previous plant life without diseases or pests.
Refining alternatives to roses - multiplication by cuttings or sinkers
Theoretically, any rose can be propagated by cuttings or descendants, including the variety that forms the crown of your edelrose. In practice, however, you will often be out of luck with an increase in the usual breeding specimens, because these varieties are so highly bred that they are often lost the ability to form their own strong roots on the path of creation.
However, this is easily possible if you have already got carried away by the trend towards the "old roses" and have planted root (wild) roses in your garden. From these roses, you can cut cuttings from the shoots of the current season in late summer, which are planted in a shady and sheltered place to just below the leaf roots in the ground. The cuttings should have formed the first roots next spring and start drifting, this season they will be pinched several times to promote branching, in the fall they can be put to their final location.
You could also try to bend down long shoots and dig in at a break point. Also this increase by lowering, to which you in other articles on Garden-Landscape.com read more, should be quite successful with roses. However, even with these roses, there are varieties protected varieties in which an increase is conceivable only for private purposes, if you do not want to possibly bring in trouble.
The refining of roses or the recovery of new roses by cuttings or offshoots is not a breeding, but a pure rose production, what here arises, is indeed identical to the mother plant (a clone). If you feel like going under the rose growers, really creating new varieties of roses, it gets a little more complicated and tedious...