The Content Of The Article:
- New roses from cuttings: simple and fast
- Step by step: multiply roses over cuttings
- Video: cut roses properly
In the nursery almost all roses are propagated by refinement. It is used in early summer, an eye of the noble variety in the seedling pad. It then drifts out in the course of the season and forms the main drive, from which then the new rose is pulled. This propagation method works for all roses, but needs a good preparation, because the rose seedlings have to be planted in the year before. In addition, the finishing technique called Okulation needs practice and experience to achieve good growth results.
For lay people much easier is the propagation through cuttings. Although it does not work so well on some bedding and red roses, shrubs, climbing or rambler roses and, above all, groundcover roses, the growth results are quite acceptable.
New roses from cuttings: simple and fast
The best time for the propagation of roses by cuttings is late July or early August, when the annual shoots are already well wooded. Cut a roughly pencil-long cut from such a shoot. The tip with possible flowering is removed a few millimeters above a well-formed leaf, below you separate the cutting a few millimeters under a leaf or a bud. Then remove all leaves, only the top leave it. Place the cut cuttings in water glasses until they are sorted by variety.
Step by step: multiply roses over cuttings
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Multiply roses yourself
You need pots with a diameter of about ten centimeters, potsherds, a rose scissors, sowing soil and freezer bags. Find a shady place to work and spread newspaper as a pad on the table
Sowing soil is well suited as a substrate for cuttings due to its low nutrient content. Place a piece of pottery over the drainage hole and fill the pots with a scoop
Cut the cuttings appropriately by cutting off the thin tip above a well-developed leaf. From below, cut the stalk about three millimeters below the first leaf
The lower leaves are removed so they do not rot in the soil. Only the upper one to two leaves, which have no contact with the earth, remain
Each cuttings gets their own pot. If you want to support the formation of roots in addition, you can dive the lower interface briefly into a rooting powder before the cuttings are put into the ground. Propagation is possible without this aid
Make sure that the shoots are deep enough, at least five centimeters, in the substrate. In this way, roots can grow in as many places as possible and you get strong plants
For pouring a small pot is well suited for houseplants. Repeat watering as needed until the soil and clay pot are well moistened
With a hood made of freezer bags, you will be able to increase the humidity in a greenhouse. For easy air exchange, pierce a few holes in the bags
Tie the bag to the pot with a drawstring and place it in a sheltered, partially shaded spot outside. Keep the soil slightly damp in the coming weeks. If a cutting has made roots, it will expire. Then the plastic hood can be removed
Alternatively, you can put the rose cuttings after cutting in a shady, somewhat sheltered place in the garden in loose, humus rich soil. It is best to prick the holes with a hand scoop and dip the cuttings briefly with the lower end in rooting powder (for example Neudofix). They are then inserted into the soil until just below the leaf approach.
The groundcover rose 'Heidersommer' is one of the varieties that can easily be multiplied by cuttings
Label the different types of roses with labels and thoroughly water the cuttings bed. Then it is covered with a film tunnel and kept evenly moist. The cuttings usually start to drift next spring. The new shoots you should tee off several times during the season, so they branch well. In autumn, the young rose plants have enough roots. Now you can take them out of the cutting bed and move them to the designated place in the garden.
Video: cut roses properly
Editor Dieke van Dieken demonstrates how to cut different types of roses professionally in the spring.