Planting a Speierling - location, soil, planting instructions and care


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The Speierling is one of the rarest and at the same time most attractive tree species occurring in Germany. Who plants it, thus contributing to the conservation of the species.

Planting a sprout

For more than a thousand years, the plant has been cultivated. Once she was indispensable in the villages and on the farms. In Germany, the heat-loving plant mainly occurs in wine-growing regions. The rose plant comes from the same family as the mountain ash. The trees can grow in our latitudes up to 20 meters high and form expansive crowns. The Speierling has many designations, which can be concluded on the earlier admittingness:

  • Spier tree
  • Schmerbirne
  • Sperber tree
  • Spier apple
  • service tree
  • Sperbelbaum

The Speierling - rare guest in the home garden

A few decades ago, the sparrow tree in Germany was almost threatened with extinction. In the 1980s, therefore, extensive offspring measures were taken. In 1993, the vetchling was voted tree of the year.

Since the plants are still extremely rare in native gardens, but ensure the survival of the species and give your offspring still prospect of the yellow-red fruits and the beautiful autumn color. Speeding birds can become more than 150 years old.

But watch out: The spout is quickly mistaken for the similar mountain ash. While the rowanberry has hairy, black-brown buds, the sparrow has hairless, greenish brown and slightly sticky buds.

Where can you buy sprouts?

Since a spout is not comparable to a conventional apple or pear tree and is not offered in every plant market, nurseries specializing in rearing are the right contact. If the seed comes from vital mother plants that have been tested for suitability for offspring, you have the advantage of obtaining strong plants that are easy to cultivate and grow well. It is generally recommended to buy strong container plants. Older trees with strong root bales finally grow much better than small and weak plantlets, which are also often attacked by fungal diseases.

Select the appropriate location

In wine-growing regions, the preferred climatic conditions for the spout are prevailing. The first basic rule for planting is: Speierlings need a lot of space. As a solitary plant, the Sporapfel can grow up to 20 meters high. If you do not want to use a spreading crown, but the tree specifically for fruit production in the garden, cutting measures are required and it is advisable to buy grafted plants.

The plants also need a lot of light, heat and space. Nevertheless, the trees will grow quite slowly and can therefore establish themselves as a fruit tree in the allotment garden over several years. Older plants, however, are difficult to transplant. This should definitely be considered when choosing a location.

Consider the soil quality

Sprouts need a nutrient-rich soil. For example, they tolerate very well warm and dry soils with a high proportion of lime. It is not recommended to use sandy soils and a heavy and moist substrate. Especially young plants are sensitive to waterlogging. You can avoid this by creating a drainage directly during planting.

Since the tree has been cultivated for a thousand years, the natural range can not be determined exactly, but at best roughly circled. Mainly the plant is found in the following regions:

  • Balkans
  • Crimean peninsula
  • Eastern Spain
  • Asia Minor

In Germany, the best site conditions prevail in the southwestern region. Natural stocks of about 2,500 specimens can be found in Bavaria and Baden-Württemberg. For example, in the Moselle Valley, Neckar Valley and Rhine Valley as well as in Lower Franconia and in the Taunus.

When should sprouts be planted?

The ideal season for the vetchling is autumn. The winter moisture ensures an optimal bottom closure. Already in March the roots will start their activity. If you plant the trees in spring, you need to water and pest the plants particularly well.

How to properly plant sprouts:

  1. Select location.
  2. Water rootballs.
  3. Prepare soil.
  4. Remove stones and weeds.
  5. Add compost or manure as a slow-release fertilizer.
  6. Dig out the plant hole in three times the size of the root ball.
  7. Insert plant.
  8. Fill planting hole with soil.
  9. Press soil well.
  10. Water the plant sufficiently.

So that the young plants can not bend over, they should receive a rod as support.

This is how to properly care for the young plants

Anlegen Create bite protection against rodents:

Although it may be a robust and durable tree, the young plants are still quite sensitive and susceptible to disease.The roots are also often the target of mice and other rodents. It therefore makes sense to create a Verbiss-protection. This should be done directly while planting. In the excavated plant hole just put a tight-meshed, small wire basket. Above ground, rabbit wire is suitable for protection against biting. You can attach this directly to the supporting pillar.

❍ Use broad spectrum fungicide against scab fungi:

Young plants are susceptible to scab fungi. For this reason, the use of a broadband fungicide in the first years is a good option. Simply treat the buds after budding with an agent also used against apple scabs.

Schützen Protect fruits from birds:

Sprouts grow quite slowly and require regular watering during the first years. Older plants, on the other hand, tolerate longer periods of drought. Drought-resistant pile roots develop over the years. Older plants therefore often require no further protective measures. However, the fruits of the vetchling are often the target of birds. If you want to use the fruits, you can use a net here.

Planting a Speierling - advantages and disadvantages at a glance

Advantages:

+ The Speierling is a rare tree that is sure to attract attention.
+ The fruits can be recycled and, for example, processed into fruit brandy.
+ The trees are vigorous and long-lasting.

Disadvantage:

- The plants need a lot of space. Solitary plants grow up to 20 meters high.
- To cut fruit, regular cutting measures are necessary.
- The plants should come from renowned nurseries.
- Young and weak sprouts are prone to fungal diseases.

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