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As far as care is concerned, the Salix integra 'Hakuro Nishiki' is quite easy to follow if you follow the care tips below. The shrub is relatively robust and comes along well with many different climatic changes. However, the shrub can also respond quickly or stop growing if the wrong treatment is chosen. So that does not happen, you will now receive all important elements for the care of Salix integra 'Hakuro Nishiki'.
The Salix integra feels particularly well in sunny and partially shaded regions. There, growth is strongest. In shady places, it can survive, but it grows much slower there, and if not constantly paid attention, it can even stop the growth completely and also enter. The color of the leaves makes it easy to see whether the Salix integra needs more or less sun. You can also determine the leaf color by the location. In partial shade, these become lighter and in sunny places the leaves develop strong colors.
The floor plays a rather minor role for the Salix integra. The soil has little influence on the plant, it can cope with many different types of soil. Particularly suitable are soils that are interspersed with sand. Here she feels particularly well, is strong and growth is progressing rapidly. One should avoid soils with strong moisture and large soil compaction. Here, the Salix integra has problems. Soils with which the plant copes easily are among others...
- clay soils
- humus soil
- Clay only conditionally, drainage may be required
The Salix integra is a frost hardy plant and can survive outdoors in winter. If you keep it as a container plant, it can be kept indoors even in winter. This brings a small advantage when it comes back to spring. Compared to a plant that has spent the winter outdoors, it has a head start in growing and flowering. Then the salix integra begins again with its growth and flowering phase, which ends in late autumn. Basically:
- Autumn and spring best suited
- Planting possible all year round
- avoid the frozen ground
When watering, the protective function of Salix integra helps you. If you are not sure that you have watered enough, you only have to pay attention to the leaves and the growth. The leaves curl up, the growth stunted if the plant was to get too little water. Basically, it should be noted that they are sufficient, but not overwhelmed. The plant will be watered for some time, but should not be neglected for too long. If this happens, one has the indicator of the protection function and can start directly with the irrigation.
Transplanting / -topfen
When transplanting / potting it is very important to pay attention to the reaction of the plant. It can happen that the plant activates its protective function. This could be a sign that roots have been hurt. Minor root injuries are not a problem, the Salix integra should recover after a short while, if the new conditions are good. The ideal time to repot the plant is late autumn. Here, the growth is lower and the plant has enough strength to get used to the new conditions.
Fertilizing Salix integra 'Hakuro Nishiki' is very easy. If kept as a container plant, occasional fertilization is sufficient. The best fertilizer for this is total fertilizer for willow trees. This one should get in the usual hardware store. If the plant is kept outdoors, it is sometimes possible to add a little fertilizer to the irrigation water. Again, the rule is less is more and adding fertilizer is only necessary if the soil is low in nutrients. If you want to enter the fertilizer directly into the soil, you can do so in depot form. Tip: Regular fertilization additionally strengthens the plant and makes it more resistant to possible pest infestation. Furthermore, the growth process is accelerated.
Since the Salix integra 'Hakuro Nishiki' is very vigorous, regular cutting is very important. The ideal time for this is again late autumn, when the plant almost stops its growth efforts. But it can also be cut in the spring. This should be done before the plant forms the first foliage, otherwise it could be damaged. In addition, dead and rotted branches and leaves should be removed from the base trunk. This can also happen outside of the core seasons, as these in any case only hinder the growth and health of the plant.
The shrub can also be cut more circumcision. Approximately half can be cut off if a desired shape is to be created.However, one should also make sure that a strong cut should be made only in the fall and not in the spring. An excessive density of individual branches can also be lightened. The highest requirement in circumcision, no matter in what kind and form is always that the base should not be damaged.
The propagation of Salix integra 'Hakuro Nishiki' is, as with all willow plants, very simple. For this you only need to cut off a branch and place it in a container with water. An addition of fertilizer is not necessary. The branch should remain in the water until it pulls roots. If the branch has drawn enough roots, it can be planted at the desired location. Especially at the beginning, when a new branch has been planted, this requires adequate irrigation. In the further course, the irrigation can then be adjusted back to a normal workload.
- Optimal are spring
- Summer also possible
- Late autumn rather unsuitable
This plant is not safe from pests such as aphids, spider mites and other louse species. In addition, white flies and fungus mosquitoes can infest the plant, as well as the fungal diseases of true and false mildew, mold and rust. The best alternative to pest control is to strengthen the plant itself. Good soil, location and regular fertilization help the plant to become strong and give no chance to pests and germs. Should the plant still be infested, chemical insecticides and fungicides help against pests. These should be gotten in the usual hardware store.
frequently asked Questions
- Which colors do the leaves get? - The leaves are variegated white and pink at optimal location.
- Can I also plant the Salix integra 'Hakuro Nishiki' outside of late autumn? - Yes, that is possible, but the ground should not be frozen. If it is planted in the summer, ensure adequate irrigation.
- How fast does the plant grow? - They grow very fast, sometimes over 50 cm in the year, so that the maximum growth height is reached quickly and you should cut frequently.
- The Salix integra is also called Japanese willow or Harlequinweide and is usually refined on a Hochstämmchen.
- It is well suited for the front garden or as a container plant for the terrace.
- It has very beautiful white-green or pink speckled leaves that shimmer pink when budding.
- In spring, yellow kittens are formed, which are also very decorative. This plant is best shown when alone.
In a Salix integra, which was refined on a Hochstämmchen, in principle, only the crown grows, while the trunk maintains its height and only slightly thicker. However, the crown is up to 30 cm per year, so it should be cut back regularly. If only a reduction of the crown is desired, a cut is sufficient in early spring, but if the crown is to have a spherical shape, the shoots have to be shortened slightly in summer and autumn.
- In the spring section, which is best done in the months of February and March, the branches can be cut generously, because the Salix integra drifting quickly, so that the crown soon reached its old size again.
- In summer and autumn, only the outstanding shoots are cut off, so that the crown again gets a round shape. It grows as high as 1.20 meters in the course of time and is just as wide. To the total height of the tree, the trunk on which the Hakuro Nishiki has been refined must be added.
- In a grafted plant, such shoots that form on the trunk should be removed as soon as possible, because these shoots consume only unnecessary energy and do not belong to the Salix.
- The Salix integra grows best in a sunny or at least bright location.
- It needs little water and can tolerate dryness well.
- In the garden she usually does not need to be watered.
- In the case of a container plant, the next watering should always be carried out until the top layer of the soil has dried.
- Plants in the tub need some fertilizer because they can not provide themselves with the necessary nutrients.
- In the case of a salix in the field, fertilizer can be dispensed with.
Even in winter, no special protection is required in potted plants, however, the pot should be wrapped with fleece or a bubble wrap to protect the roots from the cold. Against the cold from the ground help small feet or a Styrofoam plate on which the pot is placed. In potted plants should not be forgotten to pour them in the winter, but then even more economical than in summer.