Salweide, Salix caprea - plants, care and cutting

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Salweide, Salix caprea - plants, care and cutting: care

The genus of Salix is ​​one of the oldest pre-glacial plants, so it was already 300 million years ago, and about 70 of these species of Salix have developed in our climate region.

Ecological significance of the Salweide (Salix caprea)

These native willow species have a special ecological significance, because many willows bloom very early in the year. The pussy willow usually shows its kittens from the beginning of March, even before it unfolds its leaves. This makes her one of the first plants to provide food for the swarming insects. The hanging kittens are the first bee food (for 34 different wild bees), for the native butterflies the sallow willow is important all year round - almost 100 species of butterfly live on the willow, including many endangered, and 16 mammals also feed on the sallow meadow.
Incidentally, the name suffix also refers to the sallow-willow as a food plant - caprea is Latin and means goat, and this is what the shoots of the willow eaten so much that today woodcuts from 1595 are still available, on which a goat is shown eating a sallow-willow.
The goat has decided not without reason among all willow species just for the willow, this willow thrives unlike many other pastures not only in swamps or other wetlands, but just the other way around only outside of such "mud puddles" on "solid ground".

The right location for a Salweide (Salix caprea)

This gives hints on the correct location of a sallow meadow in the garden:
  • Sage willow grows on any reasonably nutrient-rich site, even as a pioneer plant, it grows on fallow land and debris. It may therefore be assumed that she will find enough nutrients at every spot of your garden.
  • She likes fresh and almost any other climate, only in the warmest south of Europe she does not feel well anymore, but unfortunately it does not get so hot anywhere in Germany in our gardens.
In other words: You can place a potted willow in your garden completely free, as soon as it gets a little sun in the chosen place, but would have to think a little into the future: Pine pastures are on average 30, in extreme cases up to 60 years old and while up to 10 meters high, in width, your pasture will develop even more powerful. If you do not want to work on it all the time with the secateurs, it should get a little room for spreading.

Nursing and Disease Care in the Salweide (Salix caprea)

To care for the sallow pasture really need not be lost words:
  • If you have given her an occasional sun-soaked spot and there is no moisture in the ground, your sapwood should thrive without any problem.
  • A little caution is needed if you want to lime a lawn directly next to the pasture, too much lime does not like it, you should probably better first determine the exact pH.
  • If a willow tree loses leaves or gets brown spots, it indicates a fungal attack, probably the site has become too humid in between.
Then you should cut back all affected shoots vigorously into healthy wood, rake down fallen leaves and discard any loose parts of plants in the trash (not in the compost). If the site is prone to waterlogging, sand may be introduced into the soil for better water permeability.
Otherwise, you might encounter a red or yellow beetle with black spots or a black beetle, all willow leaf beetle. Normally, when chopping off the leaves, you can simply say "Bon appetit!" To these beetles! because the pasture would drive out even if it were completely drained, and the birds in your garden are already waiting to deal with the "problem".

Willow Salix

If this does not happen and your tree threatens to "break down" among the beetles, some insecticides approved in the home and garden should spoil the taste of the beetles, which contain pyrethrins (a chrysanthemum poison) and rapeseed oil. B. Spruzit AF pest-free from Neudorff, Bayer Garden Bio-Schädlingsfrei AF or Compo Schädlings-frei Plus. In view of your own health and that of your environment, you should only purchase such insecticides from specialist retailers, specifying the intended use, and they should follow the instructions on the packaging carefully in the garden.

The pruning of the sallow-willow

  • By cutting care of the young plant, you decide whether your Salweide becomes a tree or grows into a large shrub with several strong main branches.
  • Both forms should occasionally receive a care cut, in which you can cut back quietly - a pasture drives out again and again.
  • Because that is so, you can wait with this care cut quietly, until the pasture has "almost grown over your head".
  • However, this pruning is occasionally recommended, even if your sallow pasture all the space in the world has to grow, otherwise it will eventually be too bleak, older shoots bloom with time less and less.

Propagate willow

If you want to plant more seasons in your garden and find out about the possibilities of reproduction on the internet, you will most likely read that, in contrast to other species, the willow trees were almost impossible to propagate through willow cuttings. Do not think so, if you want more sallow, just give it a try. Much can not happen, if the cutting has not rooted after a year, he just comes to the compost. The other variant of the propagation, which should work safely, is to collect seeds and then sow these seeds again, the small seedlings will grow willingly and very quickly.

The "Double Salweide" - the hanging kitten willow

A particularly attractive way to present yourself is the hanging kitten field. It is a willow or a wicker, on which in turn a sallow willow was refined. The crown of this "Salix caprea Kilmarnock"can develop only on the refining site, which leads to a special growth form, in which the kitten grow down hanging down.. In addition to the nickname" Kilmarnock "this special form of pasture is also with the names Salix caprea "Pendula" or "Weeping Sally" be careful, the last one is the female form, which should blossom a little less beautiful than the "men".

Video Board: Salix Caprea in the Garden.

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