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On hot days you can appreciate a shade garden, because under the canopy there are pleasant temperatures. The foliage filters light and dust and increases the humidity. This improves the microclimate. In addition to the soothing atmosphere, it is the forest-like habitat that inspires. No wonder that garden architects have been designing porches and creating groves for centuries! The play of light and shadow causes the garden to change permanently depending on the position of the sun. First sunspots are dancing on the green of the funerals, then the blossoming hydrangea is in the limelight. An hour later, the light wanders over the flowers of the Japan anemones.
A shade garden should be modeled on nature and planted as varied as possible. The lines are curved. However, the plants also fit into geometric structures - for example, in the direct connection to the house and garage, there are formal flower beds edged with boxwood. However, the deep shadows cast by houses often only allow a few plants. The largest selection of flowering shrubs offers the slight spreading shadow. But even garden areas, which are only sun-soaked in the morning or afternoon, belong to the coveted squares. Especially where the soil remains moist, many flowering plants feel well. In the deep shadow, on the other hand, specialists are in demand: only a few plants, such as ivy, periwinkle and golden nettle, come to life here.
As flowering shrubs for the light shade, hydrangeas are the ideal choice. However, her botanical name Hydrangea already says, which means as much as Wasserschlürfer, that one must keep it sufficiently moist
Plants for the shade garden
Nature has a surprise in store for the supposedly problematic corners: with ferns and shade grasses, shapes and leaf surfaces are the focus. There are gardeners who specially create a shade garden to experiment with the variety of leaf jewelry can. Tip: It is best to place the selected plants next to each other in the nursery to see if they harmonize with each other. Is there still the dormant pole of a large-scale radio journal? Or do silvery spots on the foliage, yellow stripes and white edges give the right pep? Note: In the sun, such white- and yellow-colored leaves could burn, the shade brightening them up. You will quickly realize that shadows are the places in the garden in which the soft sounds are wonderful. The light is subdued, making pastel colors look radiantly beautiful.
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Recommended shade plants
Monkshood (Aconitum) is a poisonous, but beautiful perennial with a long flowering period in late summer
The silver candle (Cimicifuga racemosa) carries its white flower fountains on man-high stems
The Japanese Anemone (Anemone japonica) flowers from August to October
The wax bell (Kirengeshoma) fills the summer hole with its bell-shaped flowers
The mourning bell (Uvularia) presents flowers from May to June on 30-centimeter-high stems
The record sheet (Rodgersia aesculifolia) impresses with leaf decorations and large inflorescences
The shield leaf (Darmera peltata) bears large, circular leaves. The flowers appear in front of the foliage
The purple bell (Heuchera) shows its pretty foliage even in winter
Poppy Poppy (Meconopsis cambrica) is a perennial species that thrives on its own
In the lunar ivy (Lunaria annua), seeds such as silver taler are formed from the spring flowers
The stag tongue fern (Asplenium scolopendrium) grows 30 to 60 centimeters high and stays green in winter
Red Veil Fern (Dryopteris erythrosora) sprouts reddish brown and is also wintergreen
Hanging sedge (Carex pendula) loves moist and shows striking, up to 90 centimeters high flower stems
The White-rimmed Japanese sedge (Carex morrowii 'Variegata') lightens deep shadows
In addition, there are also very practical reasons to become an enthusiastic shadow gardener. In contrast to the most prestigious perennials, most shade plants do not require much care. Once grown, Japan anemones and silver candles remain for decades. For new plants, therefore, observe the specified planting distances: for ground-covering perennials around 30 to 40 centimeters, for large perennials up to one meter. Too tight, the plants would press in the following years. It would be preferable to mulch the gaps in the growth phase until the plants have closed. Ideally, plant perennials, shrubs and ornamental grasses together with the larger woody plants so that the undergrowth can establish itself well. Exception: ferns will be supplemented only after a few years, because they need cool-moist shade, as it prevails under larger treetops.