The Content Of The Article:
As soon as the leaves have fallen in winter, the beautiful outer skin of the branches and twigs appears in some native and exotic trees and shrubs. Because every tree or shrub has a characteristic bark or bark and also the young shoots differ in their surface structure and color. While the latter are rather inconspicuous in some woody plants, others attract attention with their color-intensive annual wood.
Many shrubs, whose branches and branches are covered by leaves in the summer, provide in the wintry garden for exciting color aspects between all the yellow and brown tones of the perennials and grasses. Of course, they look particularly beautiful when everything else is hidden under snow, because the white emphasizes the bark stains even more clearly and makes them literally shine.
Trees with showy bark
The color spectrum ranges from white to green, yellow, yellow-orange and red to almost black in the bark. Tinted barks are mainly found in trees. While the smooth brown-red bark of the mahogany cherry shines in the sun, an interesting bark pattern is formed on the trunks of plane tree or pine by the scaly flaking of the bark. This occurs in tree species whose bark dissolves in thin plates every year, leaving behind a bizarre mosaic of white-gray and greenish areas.
The trunk of the plane tree (Platanus x acerifolia) is nicely patterned thanks to its detaching scale bark
The plane tree (Platanus x acerifolia) is the most well-known representative with peeling Borkenschuppen. But also the ironwood tree (Parrotia persica) stands out in the leafless time with its patterned bark. At just ten meters high, it is also an ideal tree for the home garden. The black pine (Pinus nigra) has a brownish gray flaky root bark, which also tears with age.
Especially many species with decorative bark can be found in the Asian maples. Thus, for example, the cinnamon maple (Acer griseum), whose bright reddish-brown bark peels off in thin layers, the yellow-stemmed maple or the snake-skin maple (Acer capillipes), whose branches have more or less white longitudinal strips well into small Plant gardens.
In the case of cinnamon maple (Acer griseum), the upper bark layer peels very decoratively from the stem
In front of hedges or dark backgrounds, slender white birch trunks with peeling bark stand out particularly well. The bog birch (Betula pubescens) grows up to 30 meters high tree or multi-stemmed shrub. The color of the smooth bark changes from reddish brown to light brown to greyish white. Only with older trees does it peel off in thin layers. Particularly decorative is the bright white bark of the Himalayan birch (Betula utilis var. Jacquemontii). The 15-meter high, multi-stemmed tree gives the garden structure. Also, the Yunnan birch (Betula delavayi) with its light brown bark and the Chinese birch (Betula albosinensis) are among the bark beauties. Its smooth, streaky-removing bark shows an unusual play of colors from whitish pink to coppery colors.
The bark of the various birch species, here the Himalayan birch (Betula utilis var. Jacquemontii), show a beautiful play of colors throughout the year
Dogwood: The star among the bushes
For trees, it sometimes takes a few years to form an intense color or beautiful bark structure. For this they enrich the winter garden over many years. If you do not want to wait so long, you will also find a variety of species among the shrubs, which are real eye-catchers in the garden in winter. The probably widest color spectrum among the shrubs offers the kind of the dogwood. From the robust, up to two meters high garden shrub, there are different varieties whose branches light up intensely. So there are those with yellow (Cornus Alba 'Bud's Yellow'), yellow-orange (Cornus sanguinea 'Midwinter Fire', 'Winter Flame' or 'Winter Beauty'), green (Cornus stolonifera 'Flaviramea') and black-brown (Cornus alba 'Kesselringii ') Shoots.
In the unleavened state, the dogwood 'Anny Orange' (Cornus sanguinea) shows its bright orange stems
The most striking dogwood in winter, however, is the Siberian dogwood (Cornus alba 'Sibirica') with its distinctive wax-red shoots - the star among the red-spined woody plants. However, especially the young shoots shine here, which is why a rejuvenation cut every two to three years is necessary to elicit the full color splendor of the shrub. Also the branches of the varieties 'Spaethii' and 'Elegantissima' are colored red. In contrast to 'Sibirica' fall their shoots but with a dark carmine. The dogwood (Cornus sanguinea) is also characterized by striking red shoots.Dogwood trees show the most striking effect when they are planted with low evergreen perennials or the perennials planted around the bushes are covered with hoarfrost or snow. But also the yellow and brown shades of dead plant parts contrast nicely in winter with the bright red of the dogwood.
Subtle shades: gray and green
The effect of the ice gray shoots of raspberries and blackberries is much more subtle and only unfolds when combined with the right plants. The Tangutian raspberry (Rubus cockburnianus) and the Tibetan raspberry (Rubus tibethanus) are particularly effective in combination with evergreen perennials and shrubs, or with trees and shrubs that also have colored bark and shoots. Surrounded by snow and ice, they are almost invisible.
Even trees with green shoots are versatile in a wintry planting and are particularly good if you plant them in winter with red-leaved perennials such as the Bergenie 'Oeschberg' or with white-green variegated evergreens. Green shoots, for example, inspire the Ranunculus shrub (Kerria japonica), the Beautiful Leycesteria (Leycesteria formosa) and the Broom broom (Spartium junceum). A particularly impressive and unusual variety of the Ranunkelstrauch is 'Kinkan', which is an eye-catcher with gold-green striped branches in every wintry planting.
The shoots of the wing spindle shrub (Euonymus alatus) carry conspicuous cork strips
Other woody plants with pretty green shoots are the common spiked cap (Euonymus europaeus), the wing-spindle shrub (Euonymus alatus), the winter jasmine (Jasminum nudiflorum) and the ivory bark (Cytisus x praecox). The shoots of the Pfaffenhütchens stand out not only in color, but also with their eye-catching shape (square) and structure (clear cork strips).
Not only the color, but also the structure, the surface texture or the buds of some branches and shoots can be very distinctive in winter. Under the influence of hoarfrost, snow or certain light incidents, details that are otherwise hidden under the foliage emerge more clearly. Especially the frosted spikes of roses can develop an almost bizarre effect. The barbed wire rose (Rosa sericea ssp. Omeiensi f. Pteracantha) has a particularly ornamental effect here.