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Colorful and diverse - that's how fat and poor meadows present themselves. The location and the soil decide which meadow species are suitable for your own garden. Flower-rich meadows are becoming increasingly popular among hobby gardeners. With the colorful meadows they bring a piece of wild nature into their own garden. But the application of plant seeds alone is not enough. Because in order to create nutrient-poor meadows and meadows, you must first make some important preparations.
Valuable biotope in your own garden
In times of monoculture and heavily cultivated land, lush flowering meadows are long gone. The species-rich landscapes are almost only to be found in local parks and gardens. Here, flower meadows offer a variety of plants and endangered species an ideal and safe retreat. The gardener himself can not only enjoy a colorful meadow, but may also sit back and relax in the summer. Mowing or fertilizing lawns is more likely to cause damage to flower meadows than to benefit.
Lean or fat meadow, the location ultimately decides about it. However, depending on the location and the substrate, it is by no means unusual for both types of meadow to be present in the garden. This can occur, for example, in an extremely steep slope property. The purged nutrients and rainwater accumulate at the flattening sites, while the slope itself is suitable for poor meadows. Before you start sowing suitable wild plants, however, first of all, the preparation of the soil in the foreground.
Create fat meadow
Nutrient-rich meadows, often referred to as fat pasture, fresh meadow or intensive grassland, can provide a habitat for about 40 different plant species. But at Fettwiesen not only the location is decisive. Because the site was previously cared for as a bed or ornamental lawn, so the area can be used in the early years quite as fresh meadow. Only after 2 to 3 years you can be sure that you can not use the area for a species-rich dry meadow. Maintaining a fat meadow in an unfavorable place is difficult to almost impossible. Because the strong-consuming plants extract the vital nutrients from the soil. Unlike ornamental beds or bedsheets, it is difficult to spread organic fertilizer, because flowery meadows in particular are extremely sensitive to passage. Another problem: on particularly hot summer days, the fat pasture must be sufficiently supplied with water. A professionally conducted soil analysis can tell you more about the nature of the substrate and what kind of meadow is suitable for your garden.
You have two options for creating a fat meadow: Either you lay out the area completely new or you transform an existing ornamental lawn into a lush flowering landscape. While the first method is labor intensive, the latter requires some patience from you. To prevent existing lawn plants from displacing wildflowers and herbs, you must first weaken the lawn. Stop fertilizing and remove moss pad with a scarifier. On the resulting bald spots, the seed is applied. In the first months, the mowing is still as usual and as short as possible. This will weaken the grass plants and at the same time you can effectively suppress the growth of unwanted weeds. When redesigning the garden you can already create the ideal basis for a fatty meadow:
- Stake off the surface.
- Remove soil completely to about 50 cm.
- Mix the excavation with large quantities of clay, horn shavings and compost.
- Refill the prepared substrate and start sowing.
The design of a Magerwiese
Among the more than 200 different "meadow types", grasslands are clearly among the species richest. The more lime content the soil has and the poorer in nutrients it is, the more diverse the rich colors of the flowers and herbs on it. Butterflies, bees and also bumblebees find a wide range of food almost throughout from March to September. A dry meadow also requires little care and must be deliberately left to itself. Due to the slow growth of the plants a mowing is necessary only once in September. A lot of effort is needed to create a lush meadow in your own garden. The first important step is to completely stop the supply of nutrients. To turn a lawn into a grassy meadow, follow these steps:
- Roughly remove withered grass and moss pad with a rake.
- Use a scarifier to cut down the roots.
- Fill bald spots with sand and lime.
- Apply flower and herb seeds.
- Keep treated areas moist and do not enter.
Give your lean or fat meadow time to develop. The process can sometimes take several years. With simple and few tricks, the resilience and vigor of wild plants can be promoted. To cross the meadow area you should lay stone slabs or gravel paths. Greasy and nutrient-poor meadows offer not only plants, but also small animals and insects a secure habitat. Mow the meadow therefore piecewise and time-shifted. In shops for beekeeping supplies, you often get seeds for bee-friendly flowers at reasonable prices. These are perennial and extremely robust. Flower meadows are not limited to any specific size. Even on a few square meters, you can create the plant variety of lean and fat meadows.
Conclusion of the editorship
Greasy and poor meadows are species-rich biotopes in which particularly endangered plant species are frequently found. The flower meadows are extremely easy to cultivate and require no complex care measures. Only the preparation and the creation of the area requires a lot of work and patience. The location and the condition of the soil mainly determine which "meadow species" is suitable for your garden.
Worth knowing about Magerwiesen in briefBackground & Special Features
- A lean meadow is characterized by the fact that it is very nutrient-poor and yet many different plants grow on it and thrive.
- But since the soil is low in nutrients and the location of such a meadow is usually quite sunny, only timid vegetation is present.
- So you have to mow a poor meadow at most twice a year.
- Basically, the more nutrients a soil contains, the faster the grasses will grow and the more often the lawn has to be mowed.
- Frequent mowing does not give many flower species the opportunity to flower.
- If you prefer to know a natural biotope in your garden, then you should opt for the creation of a meager meadow.
- At the beginning of the existing lawn must be removed.
- Subsequently, a layer of sand of 2 to 3 cm is applied to the soil, which is incorporated with a rake in the existing soil.
- So that later the water can run better through rainfall, it is highly recommended to first incorporate a layer of gravel.
- After the introduction of the sand, the soil may still have to be limed - depending on the basic nature of the soil.
- Basically you do not have to do more, because the course of nature itself ensures that this area is now visited by plants.
- Through the pollen and also through animals, a number of different grasses, flowers and herbs settle as if by magic.
- But you can also help nature a little bit and sow a wildflower seed on the future lowland meadow.
- In addition, one can plant preferred flowers or herbs and also increase the abundance of flowers with some bulbs and tubers.
- In the case of a wildflower seed, the surface must be smoothed with running boards or smoothed with a roller.
- The area must be watered regularly for the first four to six weeks so that the seeds can germinate.
- The best suitable is rainwater, which is collected in a bin. Rainwater is much softer than tap water.
- Mowing is possible only twice a year at the Magerwiese, where the best times are at the beginning of June and the end of September.
- So that the Magerwiese can continue to thrive, the clippings must be removed in any case.
Mostly, of course, there are plants in the Magerwiese. Particularly suitable are: White Clover, Meadow Clover, Sharp Buttercup, Dandelion, Yarrow, Common Sorrel, Creep Thistle, Common Horn Clover, Meadow Goat's Beard, Daisies, Marguerite, Small Hawkweed, Curly Dock and Lupine Multi-leaved.
In addition, there are also many animals that are attracted by the many different plants. In particular, the insect life increases sharply and so there are many butterflies, bees and various beetles and flies. They are attracted by the nectar of the plants and attract even many insectivorous birds.On and in the soil many slugs, woodlice and also centipedes settle down. Ground beetles, various worms and stalking crawlers are also constantly visiting a meager meadow. Here, these animals find the ideal living conditions.