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Small or allotments are trendy. Many city dwellers absolutely want to create an oasis in the countryside and do not spare any effort. Although a small garden does not have much space to offer, it can still inspire with the splendor of the plants. The idea is to create a mixed garden where crops and ornamental plants grow side by side. With these tips, a beautiful mixed garden on a small scale can succeed.
Allotment: Five elements
In a garden, however small may be, belongs a gazebo whose size may not exceed 24 square meters. Also helpful is a shed for garden tools. The second element that must not be missing in a garden is water. Irrigation water is essential for the care of the garden. As a reliable source of water, a well is very good, but it requires a permit. As a supply of soft water, which is optimal for pouring, serves a large rain barrel or a garden pond. The pond bottom should be laid with a special tarpaulin so that the water does not seep into the ground. Electricity is also a must in an allotment. There are numerous lawn mowers, scarifiers and many other garden tools that are supplied with electricity in an environmentally friendly manner. The fourth element for successful garden maintenance is a compost heap. Old foliage, hedge trimming and weeds and of course organic waste of plant origin are found in the compost pile and are a source of nutrient-rich garden soil. The fifth element is immaterial, but equally important, namely the passion for gardening.
Five elements in the garden:
- Compost heap and
- Love to garden
Before planning can begin, a site analysis of the future garden is required. On the one hand, the soil quality is to be determined. Depending on whether the soil is nutrient-rich or nutrient-poor and whether it is sandy or loamy soil, it should be fertilized at different intensities. But in principle, it is important that without proper regular fertilization no plants will thrive in the long term. It is especially important for the mixed garden, which ideally should bring a decent crop. The other important location factor is sunlight. Here is the question to answer, whether the allotment garden is predominantly in the sun, in the partial shade or in the shade. It can be assumed that sunny to partially shaded locations are more suitable for most plants than shadows. Even the compost pile should preferably not be laid out in a shady position, but in partial shade. After the site analysis, planning can begin.
Of course, the exact planning of a garden is a matter of taste. A mixed garden is not only a source of fresh vegetables and fruits and a feast for the eyes, it is also meant to be a rest and comfortable. An idea for the garden design is to divide the area into four zones. The first of these has the purely practical use, because these are the garden paths. Whether laid with stone slabs or filled with gravel, a garden path should be comfortable. As a minimum width is 1.2 m, so that the wheelbarrow comes through. The second zone is the lawn. In a small garden the lawn is mostly a resort, a playground for children and a barbecue in one. Therefore, it is recommended to buy seeds for a sports & lawn games. Incidentally, there are lawn mixtures even for shady locations. The third zone is a small orchard. It should be noted that most fruit trees prefer sunny locations, in semi-shade, e.g. Sour cherries or mirabelle plums bring good yields. The fourth area in a mixed garden are flowers and vegetable beds. These should be mostly in the sun and require the most attention of the gardener. The most important decision is which plants should be planted in the garden.
Four most important areas in a mixed garden:
- Garden paths,
- Flower and vegetable beds.
Naturalness is popular in every respect today. Naturalness in relation to a mixed garden signifies the trend towards mixed culture: different useful and ornamental plants are put together in one bed and support each other in the growth and control of pests. Here, the gardener should pay attention to whether the plants tolerate each other. Here are some ideas for beautiful and meaningful bed design. Roses are magnificent flowers that inspire many gardeners. Roses thrive best when they are to grow together with lavender or sage. Lettuce is a good neighbor of beans and peas and is compatible with various kinds of cabbage. The lettuce can also grow in the same bed with sun-loving strawberries and also with dill. In a bed of cucumbers sunflowers look especially nice and feel good.Zucchini do not like to be planted with cucumbers but love the neighborhood of basil and onions. Rhubarb is very compatible, e.g. Can be placed in a bed of beans or spinach. With radishes and marigolds, with celery and with onions, a tomato bed can be designed.
These are just a few ideas for the design of the bed mix with mixed culture. For optimal land use not only the occupation with suitable plant species is important, but also the crop rotation. In this case, a four-year model has proven well, in which after the green manure on the heavy-dose such. Cucumbers or cabbages, first the Mittelzehrer (carrots or salad) and finally the weak-eaters (onions, radishes or even beans) come. Ornamental flowers do not necessarily have to grow in the same bed with vegetables, but can alternatively form a beautiful border for beds with mixed culture. For mixed culture note:
- Not all types of vegetables and flowers can handle each other unproblematically,
- Crop rotation enables optimal land use and high-yield crops.
Worth knowing about your own allotment garden soon
The Germans are known to love their garden. Who can not call a garden behind the house his own, often opts for a small garden. The diversity in the design of a small garden is unparalleled, because whether allotments in the country look with herbal corner, the natural garden with wild flower meadow, vegetable beds for self-consumption or with precious grass and strictly drawn pebble paths - in the German allotment gardens you will find everything:
- Very popular is the self-catering garden, from which everything is used and recycled, which grows here. Most fruits are jam or they come on a delicious cake. Vegetables such as tomatoes, potatoes or salads also come regularly to the table and can not be fresher.
- Furthermore, there are some allotment gardeners, the historic vegetables such as pea peas, yellow beds or black carrots. You can let everything grow wild together and enjoy the pure nature or create the vegetable beds dead straight and maintain meticulous care.
- Other allotments are completely grown and you can see shrub roses, lilac and larkspur. In addition, there are narrow and winding paths, many perennials, fruit trees and roses. However, such gardens are rarely found, as in most allotment gardens, everything is strictly regulated. Woe to him, a plant grows as it wants and is not trimmed.
- In one, all allotment gardeners, however, agree, the allotment garden is a true paradise for hobby gardeners, because here you can let off steam and experience nature. The most beautiful it is again and again, if at first only grass and maybe a few trees are available. For the gardening is always the way the goal and so it makes fun to create curbs and paths, maybe a small pond and round flower beds.
- Natural stone walls always look harmonious and you can create your own personal paradise and watch the flowers and plants almost waking up. Not infrequently, someone without the famous green thumb through his garden has become a true garden expert, because the nature fascinates everyone, if one deals with it more closely.