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It is not uncommon for pond owners to initially make big mistakes in keeping pond snails. The claims of the animals are underestimated, although considering some basics it might be very easy to keep snails in their own pond.
Because snails in their own pond can prove useful! Some feed on algae and help to keep the water clean.
Which snails are suitable for your own pond?
In the selection of animals should always be preferred species that are already native to our environment. Exotic animals would flee quickly. Normal garden ponds offer such animals in the truest
The most ideal are Spitzschlammschnecken, Posthornschnecken and marsh cap slugs. However, these can not easily be placed in the pond without further ado. The demands on the water conditions and the environment can be very individual for each type of screw. Therefore, it is important to take a look at the individual needs of the animals to find the best compromise for the slugs and the remaining pond inhabitants. In order to prevent parts of the population from dying immediately, the animals should first be accustomed to the climate of the pond.
A suitable pond for snails should have the following characteristics:
- He is at least 80 cm deep
- Provided with a muddy bottom
- 7 is a good pH
- Temperatures above 25° C should be avoided
- The oxygen content of the water should be reasonably high
- No other animals should target the new inhabitants as a source of food
How to hold the snails properly
The Spitzschlammschnecke is not only found in ponds of amateur gardeners, but also in natural waters, especially in rivers. This species is the easiest to hold. It is one of the respiratory ailments, so it is not so much bound to water quality and oxygen content. She likes to be just below the surface of the water from which she can even see. Adult Spitzschlamschnecken are not endangered by other fish due to their size of about 7 cm. Their main food source is algae, so it can help to keep the water clean. Extreme such as the drying or freezing of the pond stops them, only the temperatures rise above 26° C, which usually causes a mass extinction. The snail population should never be lost sight of. A single Spitzmudge snail can deposit hundreds of eggs, often near plants. Sometimes this forces proud pond owners to expose snails in the wild to curb the plethora of offspring.
In northern Germany or on the Upper Rhine, the post-horn snail is already known and often found in nature. Occasionally they are found in ponds, canals, ditches and of course in ponds. In the literature, she is sometimes called also Tellerschnecke. It does not use healthy plants as long as another food source is available. Algae or dead plant eat post-horn snails preferred. To prevent mass extinction in this species as well, water temperature and pH should be checked at regular intervals. If the pH falls below 5 this usually means that for the entire population of post-horn snails. Again, avoid temperatures above 26° C! In contrast to the Spitzschlammschnecke the posthorn snails proliferate rather slowly. A sudden mass population is not expected. In winter, the snails dig in the mud on the bottom of the pond and live on their reserves. Even a long, hard winter can lead to an extinction of the snails.
The last snail in the bunch of our recommendations is the marsh cap slug. She can completely close her 5 cm wide, right-wound case with a "lid" overgrown with her. This helps them survive even harder and longer winters, buried deep in the pond bottom. Swamp lid snails also multiply only slowly. Unlike many other snail species, marsh cap slugs are sexually separate and give birth to their offspring alive. For propagation, at least one pair would be needed. In soft water with a pH between 7 and 8, these snails feel most comfortable. The marsh cap snail carries a particularly large part
There is no reason not to have snails in the pond
To put snails in the pond brings many advantages. The presented species could even be kept together in a pond under consideration of all mentioned conditions. Some snails are nice to look at. An artificially created pond will make them look much more authentic, while keeping the water clean. But if you do not respond to the demands of the animals, they can die quickly. A well-maintained pond is only complete with its snails.
Worth knowing about pond snails in a nutshell
If you already have enough plants in your pond and you do not want to plant additional plants (such as duckweed) for shading and algae reduction, pond snails could help you. But beware: Not all species are suitable for the garden pond - some of these animals eat aquatic plants faster than you can see! This includes:
- Lymnaea stagnalis - a freshwater snail species widely distributed in Europe that can still live in heavily polluted waters. It is only partially suitable for the garden pond, as this variety of snails grows very quickly and, in the absence of fodder, likes to take hold of the available plants. Who decides for Spitzschlamschnecken should therefore think in any case of adequate feed addition. The same goes for the Little Mud Slug: it, too, feels well in heavily polluted waters and eats all aquatic plants bare when there is no forage.
- Decorative and above all useful is already the domestic Horn snail or also called Tellerschnecke. It is popular among connoisseurs because of its decorative red to dark purple color. The hybrids, which mutually mate, lay flat transparent egg lumps on leaf undersides, wood or stones. Since the posthorn snail is a lung respirator, so comes to the water surface to breathe, it is easy to fish in case of overpopulation.
- For a snail amazingly fast is the Physa fontinalis, She is flexible and likes to slide along the water surface, because she is a so-called pulmonary respirator. Her petite case is brown-yellow-black blue, in total, both males and females up to 11 mm in size. The bubble snail feeds on algae, but also carrion, fish food and lettuce love to eat the animals.
- The Mud snail is the only water snail that can feed both as a filter and as a pastureland. It not only eliminates leftover fish feed, algae and plant remains, it can also filter plankton out of the water. The marsh cap slug is a slow and calm animal and grows up to 40 mm. After mating, the female snail gives birth to tiny, fully trained snail babies.
- Other important species of snail are the whitetail snail, the apple snail as focal points and the snail snail, which due to its hidden lifestyle and rather nocturnal activities is of less decorative use, but provides plenty of loosening of the soil by also plant remains that have already sunk in the ground gravel are eating with the greatest appetite.