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At the end of April / beginning of May it is getting warmer and early tomatoes can slowly move outdoors. If you want to plant young tomato plants in the garden, mild temperatures are the most important prerequisite for success. Therefore, wait until the soil has warmed up to 13 to 15 degrees Celsius to stop the plants from planting - plants will stop growing and the plants will produce fewer flowers and fruits. To be on the safe side, you can first wait for the icy saints (12-15 May) before placing the frost-sensitive tomato plants in the bed.
A film tunnel usually offers better conditions for growing tomatoes than the field. There, the heat-loving fruit vegetables are protected from wind and rain and the brown rot mushroom can spread less easily.
Step by step: Set tomato plants correctly
First, plan sufficient clearance (left) before starting to dig out the planting holes (right)
Since tomato plants need a lot of space, you should first plan sufficient distance - about 60 to 80 centimeters - between the individual plants. Then you can dig out the planting holes. They should be about twice as large as the root ball of the tomato plant and be enriched with some compost.
Remove the cotyledons (left) and pot the tomato plants (right)
Then remove the cotyledons of the tomato plant. The small leaflets are prone to decay because they are very close to the soil surface and often get wet when watering. Besides, they would die off over time anyway. Then carefully cook the tomato so that the root ball is not damaged.
The tomato plant is placed deep in the planting hole (left). Fill the hole with soil and press it well (right)
The stuffed tomato plant is now placed in the planned planting hole. Plant the seedlings a little deeper than they have been in the pot. Then the tomato plants develop additional roots around the stalk and can absorb more water and nutrients.
Mark the different varieties with a small plate (left) and water all tomato plants well (right)
For refined varieties, you should make sure that the thickened processing point is still visible. If you put different tomato plants, you can additionally mark them with a marker to better distinguish them from each other. After all seedlings have been planted in the soil, they should still be watered. Incidentally, in the first three days after planting, the tomato plants are watered daily.
Trellis aids for tomato plants
The string is attached to the poles of the film tunnel (left) and to the first shoot of the plant (right)
So that the long tendrils of tomato plants also grow in height, they need trellis support as support. Simply attach a string to the poles of the film tunnel. Each tomato plant gets a string assigned as a climbing aid. Tie the string around the first shoots of the tomato plant. If you do not have a foil tunnel, tomato sticks and trellises also serve well as a trellis aid. In order to protect your tomato plants from fungal diseases such as brown rot, you should protect them from rain both in the open bed and on the balcony. Those who do not have their own greenhouse are well advised to buy a tomato house.