How to properly cut the Ficus Benjamini - a guide

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How to properly cut the Ficus Benjamini - a guide: crown

The pronounced cut tolerance of a Ficus Benjamini strictly allows a pruning at any time. If you notice individual disturbing branches, you can cut them off immediately.

When is the best time?

On the other hand, if you subject the birch fig to an extensive shape cut or if you want to cut back the ornamental wood completely, this should be done in winter. You will achieve the best results when fresh sprouts are imminent in the transition from late winter to spring. An annual pruning is of course not a must for your birch fig. In contrast to other shrubs and trees, the scissors on the Ficus Benjamini are used when needed and not at fixed cemented time intervals.

Important preparation work - care with the vegetable juice

Birch figs are permeated by a poisonous milk sap. On contact with the skin, the sticky secretion can cause rash, eczema and other allergic reactions, including anaphylactic shock. If the sap drops on your valuable parquet, laminate or carpet floor, the stains are very difficult to remove. The larger the cuts, the more toxic juice will leak. Please pay special attention to the following preparatory work:
  • When cutting in winter, cover the ground with tarpaulins, old newspapers or old curtains
  • When cutting in spring or summer, cut the birch fig outside on earth or grass
  • Sharpen the blades of the scissors and disinfect with alcohol
  • Wear gloves and long-sleeved clothing
To quickly stop the sap flow, place small pieces of absorbent fleece or torn torn handkerchiefs. If you press a piece of fleece onto the wound after each cut, the milky juice will not drip on the leaves or on the floor.
Note: Did you know that sticky leaves on a birch fig are not necessarily due to the poisonous sap. If the damage occurs at intervals of days or weeks to the last cut-time, it may be an attack by aphids. The sucking pests excrete as a waste product sticky honeydew that sticks the pretty leaves.

Instructions for the shape and maintenance section

Ficus benjamini - cutting a birch fig

If you have prescribed a pruning for your Ficus Benjamini, the preparations recommended here are the first thing on the program. The actual cut does not involve horticultural stumbling blocks, as you can cut back into the old wood and still drive the plants away. The following cut is advisable so that the birch fig afterwards drives out nicely bushy and compact
  • At the beginning cut off all dead shoots at the base
  • Remove transversely branching branches that are directed into the bush or crown
  • From too close branches remove the older or weaker branches
  • Shorten all branches protruding from the shape
  • Each cut immediately cover with a piece of fleece
Position the scissors so that it is 3 to 5 mm below one of the alternate leaves or a knot. The shorter the distance between the interface and the leaf or node, the more vital the fresh sprouts are. If you have doubts about whether a shoot has died or not, perform a vitality test. Scrape a little bark off the branch. Detect underneath brownish-dry tissue, cut off the shoot completely. A fresh green color, however, indicates that you may hope for a renewed leaf shoot on this branch.
Tip: His most beautiful foliage dress is worn by your Ficus Benjamini, if he is allowed to stay on the balcony from June to September. As long as the nightly temperatures do not fall below 16 degrees Celsius, the tropical ornamental shrubs in the partially shady location feels at home.

Radically cutting back Ficus Benjamini - instructions for the rejuvenation cut

Various causes may require radically cutting back a Ficus Benjamini. In the majority of cases, the tropical woodland breaks up the spatial dimensions or is shabby and old due to care shortages. Now, the good-natured cut compatibility benefits you. The best time for the rejuvenation cut is in winter, because the stress during the juice is the lowest. This is how the rejuvenation cut succeeds:
  • Cut off dead shoots completely and without stubs
  • Cut away all dry, too narrow and branching branches
  • Shorten remaining branches by half to two thirds
Then, brush your Ficus Benjamini into fresh substrate to mobilize his floral powers. On this occasion, you get a clear view of the roots when the plant is potted. Remove the old substrate and thoroughly test the bale.Any stunted, foul-brown or dried-up roots should be cut off.

Educate Ficus Benjamini to the high tribe

Cut Ficus benjamini - birch fig

With a bushy, round crown on a slender trunk, a Ficus Benjamini spreads a pleasant ambience in living and working spaces. Since the education of the evergreen tropical beauty is time-consuming, the acquisition with considerable prices to book. Leisure gardeners put their money in the bag and raise a young birch fig in their own right to the Hochstämmchen. Follow these steps:
start-up phase
  • Select the best mid drive on a healthy, vigorous young plant
  • Place a wooden stick in the ground next to the center drive
  • Rod and shoot connect with hose binders or rings
  • Alternatively tie together several ground shoots to the trunk
construction phase
  • Cut off all the competition drives of the stem drive at the beginning
  • Cut off or break off side branches at the future trunk
  • Gradually move the center drive up the support bar
crown education
  • Do not cut off the shoot tip until the desired trunk height has been reached
  • Make the cut 3 to 4 sheets above the desired crown height
  • Shorten side branches of crown by one third to promote branching
  • Side branches below the crown radically cut to the stem without stubs
To form a shapely crown over time, periodically remove all the miserable branches that are growing in the wrong direction. Please make sure to remove deadwood regularly, so that the crown is always flooded with light. Ideally, the branches are arranged, like a perfectly bound bunch of flowers.
In the course of the crown education flows into a form and maintenance section according to this manual. Extinguish deadwood every late winter. To what extent individual or all branches are to be cut back, you decide after a Auslichtungsschnitt individually. Take a few steps back and examine the crown shape.
Tip: Throwing a birch fig leaves its beautiful leaves is no reason for pruning. With leafy fall, the exotic green plant reacts to unsuitable conditions.
The most common causes are abrupt change of location, draft and cold roots. Once the problems have been resolved, fresh green sprouts up on the bare branches within a short time.

Cut the birch fig as a bonsai

Ficus benjamini - cutting a birch fig

In the professional cut care of Ficus Benjamini as bonsai other standards apply with regard to frequency and cut management. To get rid of the characteristic mini-size of the tall tropical tree, you will not get by with one pruning a year. The following short guide summarizes the correct procedure:
  • Cut from April to September at 6 week intervals
  • Cut new branches with 5 to 7 leaves on 2 to 3 leaves
  • Cut off individual shoots protruding from the crown
  • Totholz auslichten in spring and again in autumn
  • In conjunction with each repot, shorten the roots by one-third
  • Dab off bleeding cuts with kitchen fleece or dust charcoal ash
An authentic design pursues the goal that in the end there is no thick branch over a thin branch. Allow your bonsai enough time for regeneration and growth between cut-off dates. The masters of Asian bonsai art do not constantly torment the green artworks with scissors, but leave the mini-ficus unmolested for a longer time and enjoy the charismatic appearance.

Video Board: Prune this: Ficus Tree overgrown and in need of a trim and a prune!.

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