The Content Of The Article:
- From mid-April is planting time in the greenhouse
- Turret tomatoes on strings
- Step by step: plant tomatoes properly
What would the summer be without your own tomatoes? The number of delicious varieties is the same as any other type of vegetable: red, yellow, striped, round or oval, cherry-sized or nearly a pound. The choice of variety is best based on the intended use. Kernarme elongated Roma tomatoes are particularly suitable for delicious pasta sauces, the thick beef tomatoes are used for grilling, plum-shaped mini tomatoes are enjoyed as a snack in between. Tiny wild tomatoes are an eye-catcher on every vegetable dish and in the salad yellow or orange cocktail and cherry tomatoes, together with many fresh green herbs, look very appetizing.
From mid-April is planting time in the greenhouse
The earliest planting date in the greenhouse is mid-April. First loosen the soil as deep as possible and then work in compost. Depending on the preculture and soil condition, two to three liters per square meter of bed area are sufficient. Where fungal diseases cause problems, for example in all areas with strong new potato cultivation, you then pour horsetail tea or dust rock powder and algae lime on the ground. A tomato house is also recommended in warmer locations. Even a simple, self-built foil cover provides sufficient protection against wind and rain and ensures that the plants are less likely to be affected by the dreaded brown rot.
A tomato house is also recommended in warmer locations. Even a simple, self-built foil roofing offers sufficient protection against wind and rain
There is no guarantee, because in years with high infestation pressure infection even in a closed greenhouse can not be avoided. Mostly, the disease progresses much slower there. An infection occurs when the leaves are dripping wet for several hours. First Aid: Cut off and discard the lower leaves to a height of 40 centimeters above the ground. All other diseases can be prevented by regular bed changes. In small gardens or in the greenhouse this is often not possible. Tip: In this case, plant varieties such as 'Hamlet' or 'Flavance' with correspondingly high resistance to soil fungi and root pests.
Turret tomatoes on strings
Tomato need a stable trellis help. At least 1.80 meter long spiral rods made of metal, at which the plants are simply fed in a clockwise direction, are particularly useful. In the greenhouse or foil house, however, the culture has proven on strings. They are simply attached to the roof struts and the stem bottom of each plant. The growing center drive you then just wind around the string gradually.
Step by step: plant tomatoes properly
The young plants are initially designed with a pot at a generous distance (left). Allow 60 to 70 centimeters in the row and at least 80 centimeters between the rows. The soil is previously deeply loosened and freed from weeds. Then rake five liters of mature compost flat per square meter. With the planting trowel you now lift the first planting hole (right). Its depth corresponds approximately to the height of the pot bales plus five centimeters
The cotyledons of the tomatoes are snapped off with fingernails before planting (left). They would die anyway and are potential entry sites for fungal diseases. Now carefully remove the soil from the planter (right). If the soil is very dry, you should once more put the bales together with the pots in a bucket of water
The tomatoes are set so low that the bottom five centimeters of the stems are covered with soil (left). This has two advantages: The plants are firmer and form additional roots above the bale. Carefully press the beetle around the stem with your fingertips (right)
Water each seedling thoroughly, taking care not to wet the foliage (left). Also mark the varieties with plug-in labels. So that the plants do not fall later under the weight of the tomatoes, they must be supported. In the greenhouse, the culture of strings has proven itself: Attach a sufficiently long piece of new plastic string to each strut of your foil or greenhouse roof (right) over each tomato plant.
The other end of the string is placed in a loose loop just above the ground around the stem and carefully knotted (left). The new growth winds around the string at about the weekly rate to support it. The newly planted tomato seedling now only needs to grow (right)