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Sour and sweet at the same time, with an enchanting floral scent and as a shade dispenser, the sour cherry became popular. It is also a convincing advantage that their fruits rarely damage and burst even when the rain continues to rain. In the care of the sour cherry tree there are hardly any special features to be considered, as the plants are easy to care for and undemanding. Nevertheless, it is necessary to take the right measures in the culture and the cut, because the sour cherry is robust, but not indestructible.
The sour cherry tree thrives best in an airy location that is nevertheless protected and sunny. Ideal is therefore the proximity to a house or a wall - but with sufficient distance. Depending on the species, the sour cherry can grow up to 15 meters high and be correspondingly bulky. The same applies to the comprehensive root network. A distance of at least two to six meters should therefore be adhered to walls and buildings. Otherwise it can lead to space problems and damage to the walls.
The soil must be rich in nutrients and permeable to sour cherry. Ideal are therefore loose soil, on a humus-gravelly or sandy loamy base. If such soil can not be found in the garden, well-rotted compost can be used in combination with fresh garden soil and loosening material. Suitable for loosening up are:
Since the roots of sour cherry spread far and deeply, the soil must be prepared accordingly before planting. It is advisable to dig up the future location generously and thereby loosen up. This measure turns out that the sour cherry can grow quickly and easily afterwards. Additionally, unless compost has already been used in the substrate, fertilizer should be placed in substrate and plantlock. Suitable are organic agents, such as compost, bark mulch or Pflanzenjauche.
A young sour cherry tree is best planted in late summer or autumn, but in any case before the use of frost. The procedure is as follows:
- 1. At the desired location a plant hole is dug for the sour cherry tree, which is about as deep as the previous plant container and about twice as wide as this one.
- 2. The root ball is finally used, so it should neither be significantly below nor above the other soil level.
- 3. The planting hole is filled around the roots with the substrate described above. The earth is tapped or kicked.
- 4. For very young sour cherry trees, a wooden stake should be placed next to the plant and connected to the plant. This stabilizes the tree.
- 5. Immediately after planting, the sour cherry is thoroughly watered to promote its growth.
Tip: A thick layer of bark mulch around the tree disc reduces evaporation, keeping the soil moist but not wet. This prevents dehydration as well as waterlogging.
Grown sour cherry trees provide themselves largely as they develop a far-reaching root network and thus can fall back on deeper water reserves. At least during the first years of existence and in case of prolonged drought should therefore be resorted to the watering can or garden hose. The sour cherry is poured with water but so that no waterlogging occurs. The already mentioned layer of bark mulch can help to keep the pouring effort as low as possible.
Tip: If you form a depression in the soil around the tree disc, you can water the sour cherry tree particularly sparingly and purposefully.
If the first new shoots show up in the sour cherry tree in the spring, it is time for fertilization. This only has to be done once a year and can also be done after the harvest in summer. Optionally, organic and natural remedies are used, such as compost, vegetable manure, pond water, bark mulch or manure. Alternatively, a complete fertilizer can be used. For fertilization, the state of a slightly dry substrate should be awaited, so that together with the administration of the fertilizer also a lukewarm watering can take place.By this measure, the nutrients are distributed immediately and evenly in the ground. The risk of chemical burns on the roots is reduced, the sour cherry tree can use the fertilizer faster and gain strength. In addition to fertilizing the sour cherries, the tree should be treated once a year with a new layer of mulch. It also has a nourishing effect, releasing contained nutrients gradually and slowly, and also acts as protection against evaporation and weeds.
Care of the tree pulley
As mentioned earlier, the sour cherry is initially sensitive to competition. Therefore, it is advisable in the first few years, or at least in the time to growing, to keep the tree disc free of weeds. A thick layer of bark mulch or grass clippings as an order around the tree slice significantly reduces the effort required for this, as it suppresses the growth of other plants. If the sour cherry tree has grown stably enough to remove the wood pile, the tree disc may also be reduced in size. One or two weeds no longer disturb at this point.
The sour cherry tree can be largely left to itself, but still benefits from a blend. This is ideally carried out immediately after the harvest, so that the tree quickly cast out and next year, new branches and flowers can start on this. The procedure for blending the sour cherry is as follows:
- 1. In the first step of the sour cherry tree, all shoots are removed close to the trunk, which grow inwards and cross each other directly. The greenhouse is therefore lighted.
- 2. In the second step, competitive impulses are removed, which may show up on the young trunk.
- 3. Finally, all branches and the height of the tree are shortened. Depending on the age and size of the tree, this measure should be more or less radical. In the case of the young sour cherry tree, it is sufficient to cut off a few centimeters and thus cultivate the plant for branching and denser sprouting. For older specimens, it may even be 30 to 50 centimeters.
Tip: If the branches grow too steep and make the harvest more difficult, they can be trained to lower growth through weights. Suitable are bags filled with sand or stones, which are attached to the branches.
The sour cherry tree is easily hardy and therefore makes no special demands on winter protection. If he has grown up and is in a protected location, he gets by without any special protection. The situation is different immediately after planting. Here, brushwood should be applied to the tree disc and the young trunk should be protected with fleece or several layers of jute, old blankets or pile of straw before freezing. Anyone who cultivates the sour cherry tree in the tub should overwinter the greenhouse in the house. Here it is best light but cool and above 0° C. In addition, care must be taken to ensure that the soil does not dry out completely even in winter. Outdoors there is no or very rarely a watering needs. When hibernating in the house should be little but regularly poured.
The sour cherry tree is an easy-care and high-yielding crop, which is ideal for beginners and does not require much effort. Nevertheless, the tree needs one or the other measure to thrive. The work for this is, however, vanishingly small.