Spice bush - plants, care and cut

The Content Of The Article:

The spice shrub is becoming increasingly popular in German gardens. No wonder, because it not only smells wonderful, but is also easy to care for and hardy.

spice bush

The spice shrub, whose Latin name is Calycanthus floridus, is also known as the spice shrub. The German name of the plant is due to the characteristic smell of the shrub, which is composed of the scent of the bark, the wood and the flowers. In addition, the spice shrub is also known as clove pepper as well as specice smoke.


The laurel-like spice shrub plant can reach a stature height of up to three meters under ideal conditions. While the rich scent of cloves is a real asset to your own hobby garden, the shrub has stalked leaves that can grow up to twelve centimeters long. In the hobby garden the spice shrub blooms beautifully in June and July with solitary flowers, which attract attention with their dark red color. While the top of the leaves is green, the underside of the leaf is characterized by a dense hairiness and a gray-greenish color. The flowers of the spice shrub have a diameter of up to five centimeters and spray an intense strawberry fragrance, which also contributes to the naming of the spice shrub.

Incidentally, the spice shrub is native to southeastern North America. There, the plant is often found as an ornamental plant in gardens and parks. This type of use has also prevailed in this country - and since the 18th century. That the spice bush in this country is also widespread in hobby gardens, but should take much longer. Many hobby gardeners have just discovered this for themselves after a mixture of strawberries and carnations. After all, the plant is quite easy to cultivate and even a planting in the tub is not a problem. In addition, the spice shrub is not only easy to care for, but even hardy, which makes it the ideal candidate for your own garden. After all, the ornamental plant is also very robust against many of the common fungal diseases and pests.

Even if the pleasant scent of the spice bush can lead some people to eat the plant, it is better to refrain from doing so. Although there are some indigenous peoples who have used the spice shrub as a remedy for a whole range of ailments and diseases, the seeds of the plant are still highly toxic. The remaining ingredients of the spice shrub are also considered to be slightly toxic, which is why it is absolutely not recommended to consume the various components of the shrub.

The ideal location for the spice bush

The ideal location for the spice bush is either sunny or light and partially shaded. By contrast, a too dark location ensures that the spice shrub can not unfold its full bloom, so that the characteristic strawberry fragrance would also be omitted. Sufficient sunshine is equally important for the formation of the clove scent.

The soil in which the spice bush is transplanted should, at best, be loose and rich in humus. If the soil is too sandy, you can add compost and loam to the soil to provide the ideal planting conditions for the spice shrub. In addition, the soil should be sufficiently permeable so that the waterlogging harmful to the spice shrub can be avoided.

Plant the spice bush outdoors or in the planter?

The spice shrub makes an excellent specimen plant. The ornamental plant can be planted not only outdoors, but also as a container plant on the terrace. It is important to remember that the spice shrub can reach a stature height of up to three meters. Choose the location wisely.

So plant the spice bush properly

The optimal planting time is either spring or late summer. Below each a guide for the outdoor and container planting:

Pfl Plant spice bush in the field:

❶ A few hours before planting the spice plant, the root ball should be allowed to take an extended bath of water.

❷ In the meantime, you can dig out the planting hole. That should be about 65 percent larger than the planting ball of the spice shrub. Give this in the best a few pebbles. They then serve as a kind of drainage layer.

Nun Mix the excavated soil with compost to provide the newly planted spice shrub with sufficient nutrients. If it is a very dry soil, you can still enrich it with loam.

❹ If you have sufficiently watered the root ball, then plant the plant up to its root neck in the previously excavated and appropriately prepared planting hole. If you want to plant spice shrubs as a group of several shrubs, then you should keep a planting distance of at least 50 centimeters between the shrubs.

Hinzu Then add the substrate, press it firmly and pour everything well.

An Planting the spice bush in the bucket:

If the spice shrub is to find a place in the bucket, it is important that the vessel is not only sufficiently large, but also particularly stable. Clay pots offer themselves in this context. Not only are they UV resistant, but they are so solid that they can not be affected by the pressure of the spice plant roots.

Eine A drainage layer is also essential when planting as a container plant. In addition to pebbles, you can choose to use small potsherds that you simply place on the bottom of the pail. Thus, you can avoid the formation of the harmful standing wetness.

❷ Conventional potting soil is sufficient as a substrate for planting the spice plant in the pot. However, you should enrich them with a little humus, in order to provide a good nutrient supply of the pleasantly fragrant ornamental plant.

❸ Especially in the first few days after planting, you should always supply the spice shrub with sufficient water and it is best to water it several times.

Suitable neighboring plants for the spice shrub

The spice shrub in the garden is doing very well not only as a solitary plant. If you keep a sufficient minimum distance, the spice shrub also gives a very nice picture next to the following shrubs and perennials:

  • Oleander / oleander
  • angel's Trumpet
  • crying heart
  • different Calycanthus varieties
  • Chinese spice shrub
  • Broad-leaved spice sage
  • Chaste Tree

How should the spice bush be fertilized and watered?

❍ Fertilize:

As already mentioned, this shrub is a rather easy-care contemporaneity. In spring and late summer, however, it makes sense to optimize the supply of nutrients if you mulch the plant. It is best to mix horn shavings or humus in large quantities under the soil. But avoid over-fertilization, as this would not get the spice shrub. The administration of liquid or long-term fertilizers is therefore not recommended, at least for spice plants grown outdoors. It looks different, however, when it comes to a container plant. Then you should regularly put on a fertilization of the shrub with the fertilizers just mentioned.

❍ pouring:

The shrub loves enough moisture. Therefore, you should choose the soil condition at the ideal planting site so that it can store small amounts of water. This contributes to the fact that the root ball of the spice shrub can not dry out so fast. Before casting, it's a good idea to check how dry the substrate is right now. A noticeably dry topsoil is a good indication that it is time to water the spice bush again.

It is best to water the shrub early in the morning or in the late afternoon, as this will help to prevent the evaporation of water due to the hot midday sun. When casting, you should also remember that the spice shrub waterlogging does not get well. In the worst case, the roots of the shrub can even rot in too much moisture, which could lead to the ornamental plant subsequently entering.

When should the spice bush be repotted?

If you have planted the spice bush in a bucket, it is important that you transplant the plant into a new, larger pot every two to three years. Otherwise, the roots of the plant in the old planter simply no longer have enough space. At the latest when this condition becomes apparent, it is time for transplanting. Here, too, spring is the ideal time. The ornamental wood should also be repotted before the next budding in a new, larger planter.

Pruning of the spice shrub

For the pruning of the spice shrub, the early spring offers itself. The plant should be cut back before the first shoot. It makes sense to completely remove all diseased and dead shoots. Even side shoots that grow transversely and are already woody, you should cut out of the spice bush.

In addition to the Auslichten but also a cutback in height is possible. If you want to cut down the spice shrub, you should shorten the plant by only a few centimeters per year. Since the spice shrub grows quite slowly, this does not have to be done every year. The pruning should not be too radical because it could mean that the shrub is less blooming, which would be a pity given the pleasant strawberry scent.

Whether it's cutting back or clearing the spice, be sure to use very sharp tools. These should be thoroughly cleaned both before and after gardening. This helps to avoid frayed wound edges, which is important so that potential pathogens are less likely to gain access to the inside of the spice shrub. The disinfection of the tools following the pruning is also useful because germs and diseases can not be carried off to other garden plants.

So hibernate the spice shrub properly

In general, the spice shrub is considered a hardy plant. If temperatures of -15 degrees Celsius do not prevail in the long term, the spice shrub of this bitterly cold challenge has grown well outdoors. However, if the spice shrub has been planted in a region that is struggling with very many cold winters, it makes sense to take appropriate antifreeze measures. For this, it is necessary to cover the spice shrub completely with a protective fleece, while the soil around the spice shrub should be covered with mulch. This is another antifreeze measure.

These precautionary measures must also be taken if they are young spice shrub plants that you have just planted in the garden. Because the young plants could not develop so many roots and are therefore not as hardy and robust as an older spice shrub. Only remove frost protection in spring, when there is no longer any permanent frost.

Spicy shrubs that you have planted in a bucket can also hibernate indoors. For this purpose, a dry room offers itself, in which temperatures of not more than five degrees Celsius prevail.

Possible pests and diseases of the spice plant

spice bush

Mushroom pathogens and insect pests usually cover a large area around the spice shrub. Only then, if the shrub is not sufficiently well maintained, it is less resistant and accordingly illness-susceptible. Therefore, all care tips must be followed. Even if the spice shrub is too dry for a short time, this does not have to be a major problem, as long as you correct your mistake as soon as possible.

❍ discoloration of the leaves:

If a discoloration of the leaves is observed in young spice shrub plants, this is a clear indication of too long a long exposure to sunlight. Even if the root ball is too dry or you have fertilized the spice shrub too much, the leaves may turn yellow or brown. Then it is necessary to check the substrate for possible dryness and to stop over-fertilization of the spice shrub until the plant has been able to recover from the excessively rich nutrient supply.

❍ root rot:

Incidentally, the so-called root rot is the only fungal attack that can occur in the spice shrub. However, this is only the case if the sturdy shrub faces too long persistent waterlogging. First, the roots decompose, before the entire spice shrub dies. If you notice such an infestation, it is necessary to replant the affected spice shrub immediately in a dry substrate. Other effective rescue measures are not known. However, this problem can be avoided from the outset by watering the spice shrub regularly, but always with small amounts of water. Even a loosening of the soil with pebbles can contribute to the fact that the harmful waterlogging can not even arise.

How can the spice bush be propagated?

The spice bush can be multiplied in many ways. For example, about the propagation by seeds, by the subsidence-propagation and by propagation by cuttings. Alternatively, you can also resort to spice shrubs seedlings from local retailers.

Propagation by seeds:

❶ Propagation by seeds is possible from February, whereby this kind of cultivation should be done best on the domestic windowsill. This requires a rather lean substrate in which you squeeze the seeds.

Anschließend The best way to cover the culture dish or plant container is with a clear plastic wrap.

❸ In order for the spice shrub to germinate faster and better, not only are warm temperatures ideal, but also a fairly high level of humidity. In addition, you must always keep the substrate with the seeds sufficiently moist.

❹ Now you have to exercise a little patience, because the relocating the spice shrub seedlings in the field or in a bucket is only possible from a height of 15 centimeters.

You should know that the seeds of the spice are extremely poisonous. Not only should you avoid prolonged skin contact, you should also keep the seeds out of the reach of pets and children.

Propagation by cuttings:

But if you plan to multiply by cuttings, you should do the following:

❶ In July, the spice shrub is best propagated by cuttings. Shoot tips that are already half timbered to a length of about 15 centimeters and completely remove the lower leaves of the shoot.

Nun Now place the cutting in a container that you have filled with a nutrient-rich substrate.

❸ Also in this case, a transparent plastic film is recommended. However, this should be perforated before it is slipped over the cuttings including the vessel.

Anschließend Then keep the whole thing moist enough. A high humidity and a bright and warm location are also important for the growth of the cuttings.

❺ It will take you about four weeks to see if propagating through cuttings has been successful and the spice shrub cuttings have formed new roots. At the latest then the cutting should show new leaves and shoots.

When propagating through Steckling, it makes sense to always count on several spice shrub cuttings, as this project is not necessarily crowned with success. Also, a special rooting powder, which is available in stores and can be used to wet the plant ends, can not guarantee that the propagation of the spice shrub will succeed in any case.

Propagation by sinker:

❶ If you would like to increase the spice shrub by lowering it, you should choose a rather young spice bush side shoot, which will lead you to the ground.

And Press this firmly into the middle of the substrate and possibly weight it with a stone. However, the upper end should still look out of the ground.

❸ Make sure you have enough moisture.

❹ It may take several months for these condiment shrubs to develop enough new roots. Only when the rooting is successful, you may separate the spice bush and the sinker.

Video Board: Plants You Can Grow From Cuttings and Leaves That gives excellent Results.

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