Spice vanilla (Vanilla planifolia) - care

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Spice Vanilla - Vanilla planifolia

The vanilla plant is an orchid but also a beautiful and interesting plant that appeals to every orchid friend. If you own a greenhouse, you can cultivate the vanilla orchid at home. It has the following requirements:

Key points for the care of the spice vanilla

  • As an evergreen climber with tropical to subtropical homeland needs beiuns special culture conditions.
  • Particularly important are humidity of 80 percent and heat of 28 degrees in the season.
  • In-room vanilla orchids usually can not be brought to bloom in our climate.

Grow and grow vanilla

Vanilla plants are occasionally offered in some gardening shops and sometimes in auctions. If you're out of luck here, you could try to get a vanilla cutlery from an orchid grower or a botanical garden.
This young plant is placed in a pot with beautiful crumbly, air-permeable soil, z. B. a finished orchid or a mixture of potting soil and pine bark. The vanilla orchid grows in tendrils that can reach lengths of up to 15 meters. The plants can therefore be kept very well in a hanging pot, the long tendrils can then grow down hanging. But you can also raise them on a stick.
  • As a tropical plant, the vanilla plant thrives only at high temperatures and bright light without direct sunlight.
  • In summer, the greenhouse can get really warm - the warmer the better.
  • In winter, the vanilla orchid should not have to endure under 15 degrees cold.
  • The vanilla shrub has extraordinary demands on the humidity in the greenhouse: it should be 80 percent, so that this orchid feels really well.
Pour your vanilla only with decalcified water, preferably with rainwater that should be lukewarm. The bottom of the pot should always be slightly damp, but you should always allow the surface of the earth to dry slightly between the waterings; too much water in the ground does not like the vanilla. In spring and summer you should fertilize the vanilla plant once a month with a special orchid fertilizer. In winter, the water supply is carefully dosed: The root ball should be kept slightly moist, the fertilizer does not get the vanilla during the winter months.

Harvest vanilla pods?

If you have a Vanilla planifolia Some vendors have promised a rich harvest of their own vanilla pods. This usually creates some exaggerated expectations. If the vanilla orchid was sold as a houseplant, it will most likely never bloom at all, because if you put your living rooms under such humidity and heat that a vanilla orchid decides to fruit, you would surely move out before,
Even if you keep your vanilla plant in a warm house, you need a lot of patience and perseverance in the not so easy care until the vanilla flowers and fruits develops: You must artificially generate additional humidity, eg. B. by spraying the leaves or by special ventilation devices. If you are lucky, your vanilla plant develops flower buds after a few years. Then increased attention would be needed, the fragrant, yellowish-green flowers are now blooming one after the other. But a single flower stays open only a few hours before it wilts. During this time you would have to pollinate the flowers by hand, usually the flowers open in the morning.
If that's successful, vanilla pods may form, which you would then have to reap in the right stale state before they burst. For this crop to develop the typical vanilla flavor, you would then have to subject the pods to fermentation.

Editorial tips

The spice vanilla is only one of the 15 species of the genus vanilla belonging orchids, which produces aromatic fruits. These are also real vanilla or botanical Vanilla planifolia said orchid plant is cultivated in the economically most significant extent for the production of vanilla spice, but also the Tahiti vanilla with the orchid species Vanilla tahitensis and Vanilla pompona is used commercially and in the kitchen, and especially the vanilla pompona should be much easier to cultivate than the spice vanilla.
If you do not intend to make an attempt at spice production, you can choose from around 100 varieties of orchids in the genus Vanilla, all with a similar growth pattern and similar needs as the spiced vanilla.

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