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The star magnolia (Magnolia Stellata) has found its way from Japan to our western regions of the West. With its white flowers and high growth, it looks very noble and the easy care makes it a hit in the garden, on the terrace or in a large pot in the living room. Who does not care for the magnolias, has eternal joy with her and can effectively multiply and expose them to other locations. A small help should call here all newcomers the key data for rearing and care.
Sowing and location
If you want to sow the red seeds, you should do so right after ripening the fruit. The best point for sowing is a box that stands in the cold, but is protected from the worst frost. The seeds need a cold stimulus before they react. The germination takes place sometimes only in the second year. The germs should not be frozen in an ice block. In a low pot later the plants must be protected.
The best location is a moderately sunny spot in the garden. The plant gets the full sun, although in principle good, but by the early flowering, too much sun can ensure that it begins early and the late frost destroys the inflorescences. As far as the soil is concerned, the plant makes no demands. Whether slightly sour, alkaline, alkaline or slightly calcareous. If you distribute some dung or compost around the plant every now and then, you will get enough nutrients. Alternatively, small amounts of organic-mineral fertilizer (for example for rhododendrons or azaleas) can be used.
Planting and repotting
Repotting the plant is only necessary once in principle. If the plant has germinated in the pot and already grown a few inches above the ground, it can be put out in the spring. Who wants to keep the plant indoors and has provided some certain maximum size, this must be blended like a bonsai. A deep pot is not necessary, as the plant roots are quite flat.
As neighbors of the magnolia, deep rooting is recommended. Stronger flatroots, such as a chestnut, can rob the magnolia of energy. In this case, a root barrier must be placed under the tree disc. Fertilizing should also be more regular. Especially suitable neighbors are Magnolias in other colors to complement the sight and make even more impressive.
Pouring and fertilizer
Also in the field of casting, the plant is very undemanding. It should only be watered if it has not rained and the soil around the plant has dried out. Waterlogging and too much moisture is absolutely to be avoided! The star magnolia prefers something drier than too wet. Who over-pours the plant, it gets fast to do with deficiency symptoms. Yellowish-white leaves are a clue to this.
Fertilize should be in the spring, when the star magnolia comes into the vegetation phase. As fertilizer, as already described above, simple manure or compost is available, which is simply easily embedded in the surface. It should be noted that you do not damage the roots. Also organic-mineral fertilizer can be used well. Especially recommended, is for rhododendrons or azaleas. Mulching around the plant saves fertilization and less watering. From time to time, the undergrowth, so lawn and Co. should be removed and compost or potting soil are scattered. This step is also spared with bark mulch.
Cutting and wintering
Who wants to cut back the plant, should do so indirectly after flowering. In principle, this is not necessary, the plant should be thinned only when needed. An annual cutback is not necessary and should even be avoided. The wintering of the Star Magnolia is simply done outdoors outside. The plant does not have to be gouged out and brought inside. However, if you want to have the plant in a small pot, you should protect it against excessive frost and freezing moisture in the pot.
Propagation is either through the red seeds of the fruits that the plant has formed in the fall, or via cuttings, which is highly recommended due to the high vigor of the plant and the long germination periods of up to 2 years. The cutting of the cuttings takes place after flowering. The branches separated with a pair of scissors are first put in water for a few days and then in soil. As a tip for a faster roots: On root booster from the business can be well avoided. Tip: Willow water helps in the propagation of cuttings miracles. Just pick up some green, but woody twigs of a willow, cut into 2 cm pieces and place in water for 24 hours. This water is then ideally suited to pull roots from offshoots.After the first roots are visible, it is recommended to leave the plant for a month in a large pot and then plant it outdoors.
Propagation over the seeds takes place as already described: Suspend in a cool pot full of soil and wait. Even with a cold stimulus, it may take two winters for the germs to start sprouting.
Diseases and pests
If the star magnolia is too stressful, the leaves remain small and whitish. To fix this you should check if there are other shallow roots nearby and if necessary install root stops. The soil must be tested for excessive density, waterlogging and PH. The star magnolia is very sensitive to soil compaction too high pH must be balanced with some sulfur powder. However, this practice is rare in our soils. A mulching and fertilizing is enough to keep the plant healthy.
There are only a few pests: The so-called white fly and the scale can easily be fought with conventional pesticides. If leaf spots occur by the bacterium Pesodomonas, the plant should be less cast. infested stalls are removed and cut back. Tip: In case of pest infestation, a nettle tincture that is compatible with the environment and health helps. For this nettles are collected. Let it soak in water for 1-2 days and then spray the liquid onto the plant - it helps against lice of all kinds.
Tips for quick readers
- Who loves Tulpenmagnolien, but does not have enough space for their stately growth available, finds in Sternmagnolie a suitable alternative.
- The star magnolia is easy to care for. If you fertilize them from time to time and do not pour too regularly, you can enjoy them for a long time.
- The plant may be treated like a mother-in-law.
- It is complicated to breed as bonsai: Here it should be expected that the first attempts to keep the plant small and in a pot fail.
- A front garden is ideal as a backdrop for a star magnolia. In any case, she deserves a place where she looks good as an eye-catcher.
- If you want to plant a star magnolia, you should do it best in autumn or spring.
- Star magnolias prefer an acidic soil, similar to rhododendrons or azaleas.
- As a long-term fertilizer, horn shavings have been well proven.
- After setting, the soil around the star magnolia must be firmly pressed and the plant well watered.
- If the planting took place in autumn, the still young star magnolia definitely needs protection for the first winter, so that she does not freeze to death.
- Late flowering varieties can cause late blooms to damage the flowers, even if the plants are older.
- It is therefore advisable to pay attention when buying that the star magnolia belongs more to the later flowering species.
- Star magnolias are grateful for a fertilizer in spring. For fertilizing, a typical rhododendron or azalea fertilizer is suitable.
- If, instead of compost, a layer of rhododendron earth is applied around the trunk, the star magnolia will also do well.
- Since the roots are very shallow in the soil, heavy hacking could damage the roots. Therefore prefer to do without it.
- It is also advisable to apply bark mulch in this area. So the weeds are suppressed and the soil does not dry out so easily.
- Care must always be taken to maintain sufficient moisture in order to care for the star magnolia. Especially in the summer, when it does not rain longer.
- Sternmagnolien do not really need to be cut, at most if they are too out of shape.