Steppe candle, Eremurus - planting time, plants and care

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A creative garden design is not enough without dominant eye-catcher. The imposing steppe candle is perfect for this task. It proudly stretches to the sky, giving the shrubbery borders and hedge fringes a rural charm. Find out how the right planting time, successful planting and successful care have been ordered.
Steppe candle, Eremurus - planting time, plants and care
In a creative plant composition magnificent solitaires such as the steppe candle may not be missing. With their powerful, man-sized appearance they seem to take a majestic bath in the crowd, surrounded by decorative plant neighbors in the perennial flowerbed. Equally impressive are Eremurus in the dark backdrop of dense trees to advantage. In addition, they exude rural charm in the classic cottage garden. If you are now curious about practical details on planting time, plants and care, you will find all the important information here.

  • Plant family of the grass tree plants (Xanthorrhoeaceae)
  • GenusStitching Candles (Eremurus)
  • Perennial, herbaceous perennial
  • Located in the Asian plateaus up to 3,000 meters
  • Growth height 80 to 250 cm
  • White, pink or yellow flowers from May to July
  • Hardy to -18° C
  • Trivial names: steppe lily, lily tail, Cleopatran needle
More than 45 species cavort in this impressive genus. These provide the basis for the breeding of numerous hybrids, which surprise with ever new shades.
planting time
The time window for planting opens in April and stays there throughout the summer. This circumstance allows creative hobby gardeners a flexible design of their planting plan. The best prospects for rapid growth are in the warming soil in May.
In order for the steppe candle to fully develop its majestic beauty, the site is carefully selected. The following conditions should find the perennial:
  • sunny, sheltered as possible
  • nutrient-rich soil, humus and profound
  • fresh, like loamy-sandy, without danger of waterlogging
  • preferably calcareous with a pH greater than 8
Of course, an adult Eremurus bravely bows many a gust of wind. At locations that are too exposed to the wind, however, a support should be planned right from the start, for example in the form of a sturdy bamboo rod.
So that the tubers quickly spread their roots, the soil is prepared professionally before planting. All stones and roots are removed and all weeds are thoroughly weeded. The planting hole has twice the volume of the rootstock. At the bottom of the pit, drainage of gravel, grit, sand or expanded clay effectively prevents the risk of waterlogging. The heavier and denser the floe, the deeper the drainage reaches the earth. The excavation is enriched with compost and horn shavings to ensure optimal starting conditions. If the young plant is now inserted, the eye must not be deeper than 15 cm below the surface of the earth. After the steppe candle has been cast on, a mulch layer of grass cuttings, compost or horse manure protects the planting site from erosion, keeps the earth warm and constantly releases valuable nutrients. Tip: So that rough drainage material does not injure the tuber, a water- and air-permeable piece of garden fleece will come over it.
Pouring and fertilizing
With regard to water and nutrient supply, the steppe candle makes no special demands. As long as it is not exposed to permanent dryness or waterlogging, it thrives reliably over many years at the chosen location.
  • regularly pour with normal tap water
  • the use of low-caliber rainwater requires repeated re-liming
  • the surface of the earth should dry up between the waterings
From April to the end of flowering, Eremurus receives a dose of mature compost every 14 days, mixed with horn shavings. Optionally, you can give a long-term fertilizer in spring and summer. In addition, a portion of horse manure or manure from time to time covers the rather high nutritional requirements.
To cut
The withered flower head is cut off in autumn, unless self-sowing of the perennial is desired. It should be remembered that the seeds are very decorative at this time of the year. Stems and leaves ideally remain until the first frost. Until then, the tuber absorbs all nutrients to prepare for the winter. At the same time, the Cleopatra needle is already creating an energy reserve for the shootout next year. Tip: The foliage of a steppe candle is slowly becoming unsightly early in the year. A clever arrangement of suitable planting partners hides the foliage, so that the viewer perceives only the magnificent flowering.
Equipped with a robust hardiness, the steppe candle needs no special protective measures. Experienced hobby gardeners do not rely on top of that, in the late autumn spread a thick layer of straw, brushwood, loam or compost above the planting site. This blanket will remain during the early shoot, so that late frosts cause no damage.
Division: The star-shaped rhizomes of an eremurus lend themselves to the uncomplicated propagation by division. Thats how it works:
  • Carefully dig up the entire rhizome in August
  • Pay particular attention to the fragile rhizomes and the delicate buds
  • with the spade into two or more segments
Without a long delay, the root pieces are used at the new location. Previously, the soil should be thoroughly loosened and cleaned. In the end, the buds should be about 15 to 20 cm below the ground, bedded on a drain of sharp sand or gravel.
Propagation by seeds makes somewhat higher demands on the experience of the hobby gardener, because it is cold germ. Mother Nature protects late flowering perennials with germ inhibition from developing seedlings in the middle of winter. To overcome this inhibition threshold, the seeds must be exposed to a several-week cold stimulation, which simulates the natural change of the seasons. Smart leisure gardeners use their fridge for this purpose.
  • Put the seed with moist sand in a plastic bag and close tightly.
  • Store for 4 to 6 weeks in the vegetable compartment of the refrigerator.
  • Check regularly for moisture content and look for cotyledons.
  • Seed out seedlings immediately and place in nutrient-poor substrate.
During a transition period of one week, place the seedlings in the dark place at 12° C. Subsequently, place the culture containers on the warm, partially shaded windowsill. Here they are kept constantly moist, while more leaf pairs form. If a pot is completely rooted, plant the young steppe candles into commercial potting soil. It is important to note that Eremurus always has a sufficiently wide planter to allow the star-shaped rootstock to spread unimpeded. From a stature height of 30- 40 cm they are planted in the bed. Tip: The steppe candle also cuts a good figure as a cut flower in the floor vase. Alone or in combination with oriental poppy and bearded iris.
The steppe candle is a magnificent flowering shrub that stretches meter high into the sky. Like gigantic flares, Eremurus dominate in perennial borders, on the edge of the woods, while they bloom tirelessly from May to July. Even the autumnal seeds stand for a decorative effect. In order to enjoy this rural charm, little care is required. The steppe candle should not dry out and be fertilized regularly. Regarding the correct planting time, the flower is flexible, because it can be planted throughout the summer. If you want the extravagant solitaire in several areas of the garden, multiply the steppe candle without further ado by dividing the rootstock.
Did you know? - Steppe candles form a new "starfish" every year. This produces the flower in the following year. That is why it is important for the foliage to be assimilated. This requires sun and plenty of nutrients. For optimal is a thick layer of rotten or composted cow or horse manure.Characteristics
  • Flowering time: May to August with long upright flower candles consisting of small flowers in yellow, pink, red, orange or white; blooms from below
  • Foliation: belt-shaped blue-green leaves that die off and move in after flowering
  • Growth: horny growth; fleshy roots spread out like a starfish
  • Height: depending on the species and variety 80 to 200 cm
  • Location: sunny, warm; nutrient-rich, deep, loose, dry soil; does not tolerate constant wetness
  • Planting time: autumn; in case of firm ground, work in 3-5 cm thick sand layer; Plant roots 15-20 cm deep; Planting distance 6cm; can also be sown from fresh seeds
  • Cut: remove dead leaves and flower spikes
  • Partner: Perennials that cover the gap of the retracted leaves
  • Propagation: Sow division after flowering or fresh seeds
  • Care: Water only when dry; In spring, give compost or slow-release fertilizer
  • Hibernation: requires protection against winter wet and frost
  • Diseases / problems: Roots are very sensitive and easily catch lazy in persistent wetness; Roots are also brittle and break off easily
  • Also called Cleopatra Needle
  • Good and durable cut flower
  • Lily tail (Eremurus bungei) - height 100 cm. Blooms from June to August in bright yellow. Onion circumference 9cm. Also gets along well with half shady place.Of course it occurs in West and Central Africa
  • (Eremurus robustus) - height 220cm. Impressed with pink buds that bloom white
  • (Eremurus x isabellinus) - height 200cm. Blooms in yellow, pink, orange, red or white flowering
Varieties (selection)
  • Cleopatra: height 120 cm; flowers in orange from May to July
  • Perfecta: height 130 cm; blooms in bright yellow
  • Ruiters hybrids: height 150-200 cm; Mixture of flowering plants from May to June in white, red, orange, yellow and pink
  • Himalayan Steppe Candle (Eremurus himalicus) - 100 to 250 cm high, white flowering, flowering in June, occurs in the Himalayas to 3.600 m altitude
  • Aitchison Steppe Candle (Eremurus aitchisonii) - 100 to 200 cm high, blooms pink with yellow ground, flowering in May, growing at altitudes between 1,000 to 3,000 m
  • Bukhara Steppe Candle (Eremurus bucharicus) - 80 to 100 cm high, flowers pale pink with a dirty purple nerve, blooms in June, likes fine-grained substrate
  • Businessman Steppe Candle (Eremurus Kaufmannii) - 70 to 100 cm high, flowering white and yellow at the bottom, flowering from June to July, thrives on fine earth and gravel slopes
  • Milky White Steppe Candle (Eremurus lactiflorus) - 55 to 80 cm high, flower milk white with yellow throat. Flowering time May, sometimes even April, likes stony mountain slopes
  • Giant steppe candle (Eremurus robustus) - 100 to rarely 300 cm high, flowering light pink, yellow at the bottom, flowering in June, may reach heights between 1,600 and 3,100 m
  • Handsome steppe candle (Eremurus spectabilis) - 75 to 200 cm high, flower pale yellow, often overgrown, flowering period June / July, likes semi-deserts

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