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Rock garden design on a hillside - rock garden on a slopeA magnificent rock garden on a hillside has several advantages. On the one hand, rockeries are very suitable for such soil conditions, on the other hand, they are very easy to look after the construction and especially beautiful. They are considered absolute eye-catcher and are quickly the pride of any hobby gardener. In addition, they give an excellent contrast to a lawn or normal edge beds. On a hillside it is also possible to stage many variants of a rock garden. Although rock gardens can also be laid out on a flat surface, they only get the right kick through a decorative wall and a bricked seating area. A rock garden on a hillside is ideal, for example, for a small stream or the representative design with large boulders. For the planting, numerous plants from high-altitude regions are offered. An Alpinarium is a special form of the rock garden, which consists of only in the Alps occurring mountain plants.
Locations for a rock garden on a hillside
Not every hillside is suitable for a rock garden, because it really thrives only in a sunny location. A partially shaded location is also acceptable if the planting is chosen accordingly. However, a slope in the shade is not suitable for designing a stone bed. The soil should be dry and well drained. A loamy soil is unsuitable for an alpinarium, as it often causes waterlogging, which does not tolerate the sensitive mountain plants at all. Therefore, it is advisable to put before the plant of the stone bed drainage, which ensures the drainage. The future location should be cleared of any weeds and all ground roots before planting. If additionally a rabbit or chicken wire is laid in the ground, this prevents the infestation by voles or Maulwürfe, which like to nest themselves under stones. For the drainage, a hand-wide layer of pebbles or chalk is heaped up at the level of the first stone row. A water-permeable fleece on the pebbles prevents mixing with garden soil, which would clog the drainage. This is followed by a slightly offset, second drainage layer, which, however, is narrower than the first. If the soil is rich in nutrients, it must be mixed with sand or chalk, as the mountain plants prefer lean soils.
The plant of a stone bed
For experienced hobby gardeners, the installation of a rock garden is easily feasible. However, anyone who breaks new ground, but should get advice from professionals. Eventually, a professional garden planner or computer program will help to plan the garden properly. But many hobby gardeners have their own ideas, which they can also implement well. Nevertheless, all gardeners should create at least a bed sketch with the details and a planting plan before plant, because so the right plants can be selected. Once the soil has been drained and, if necessary, with a wire against rodent infestations, rough preparations such as additional dumping of mounds, watercourses or the placement of large boulders or boulders should be tackled. Just a watercourse must be designed first because of the complicated system and the possible electrical connections. This allows electrical cable connections to be easily laid or laid out. Subsequently, stepping stones or open spaces with stone slabs should be created. It is recommended to fill in the cracks between the stones or to grout with putty. Thus, a sudden downpour does not undermine the stepping stones.
Planting a stone bed
Anyone who carefully selects the planting beforehand will be more pleased with the good growth of the plants and will save themselves some unnecessary care measures. The selection should take into account the light and soil conditions in order to achieve optimal growth. After all, there is no rock garden in which only meager plantlets vegetate. A special form of the rock garden is the Alpinarium, which is primarily populated with high-alpine plants of all kinds. Here also like evergreen dwarf shrubs are used, as they are very handsome even in winter and grow only very slowly. Grasses, herbs, perennials or tubers should be in the planting plan like thyme or lavender. Ground cover is important to maintain an attractive look for the whole year.
- Steinbrecher species
- cushion perennials
- Dwarf Bellflower
- Dwarf mountain pine
- nest spruce
- hanging willow
- creeping juniper
- Little broom
- Blue Grass dizziness
- blue rush
- Wild tulips
- low daffodils
- grape hyacinths
A planted rock garden needs less care than normal gardens, which is ideal for hobby gardeners with little time. The weed infestation is usually limited by the gravel around the plants and the lean soils or is particularly easy to remove. Moss infestation is caused by too high humidity and must be eliminated, whereby further drainage should be considered. The rock garden hardly needs to be fertilized, as it is rarely worth pruning due to very slow growth. However, washed-out soil should be replaced. Watering is only necessary in particularly hot, dry summer months. However, it should be regularly ensured that the seeds of other plants can not settle in the rock garden. As the mountainous plants show very slow growth, they are quickly defeated in the fight against other soil colonizers. Slugs and similar pests need to be rigorously removed. Similarly damaging are mosses such as liverwort that suffocates mountain plants. Against a moss attack helps after the removal of a loosening of the soil with sand or chalk.
A rock garden is suitable for both large and small gardens. The hilly terrain looks especially nice. Colorful upholstery between small coniferous trees and of course stones, that's what you imagine a rock garden. Of course, a pond can be integrated. But he must be adapted to the size. The arrangement does not seem too big anymore. In the rock garden, paths are made of small stones, e.g. Laid stone or gravel gravel. Roots or other decorative objects bring variety and set highlights.
In flat rockeries, planting bowls can also be placed between the stones. So you can insert depending on the season flowering plants between woods and grasses. Of course, stones are important for a rock garden.
Selection of stones
- Ideal is uneven ground.
- Natural effect is important.
- Floor should be as lean and dry as possible, if necessary install drainage.
- Mix heavy soils with sand.
- Place stones so that they look natural (not in line and one direction)!
- Well suited are boulders, sandstones, but also slate and pebbles.
- Select only one rock type!
- Dig big stones up to a third!
- A rock garden can also be created on a drywall.
- Important is enough space!
- If possible, use round stones for the design.
- The pond should also look natural.
- Better not to use plastic basins where the edges are visible at the end!
The rock garden stands and falls with the right plants. Generally, "less is often more". Do not choose too many different plants, prefer to use a few varieties over a large area. Even the same plants in different locations in the rock garden are beautiful to look at. It is important that something always blooms.
Alpenazalee, hanging pasture, creeping juniper, fan maple, Säckelblume, broom, Fünffingerstrauch, Felsenseidelbast, dwarf conifers, nest spruce, dwarf mountain pine
Gentian, edelweiss, primroses, cyclamen, low-fat horsetail, sunflower, clove, cabbage, cat's paw, alpine aster, small bellflower, alpine-willow, stone-breaker,
Tulips (ideally wild tulips), daffodils (low species), crocuses, snowdrops, winterlings, blue oysters, grape hyacinths, dwarf irises, fall-time lilies
A rock garden fits every house. Important is an uneven surface, favorable is a slope. Especially upholstery trees fit well between the stones. When choosing make sure that always something blooms! The right soil is important for the good development of the plants. Some like lime, others do not. The rock garden must not be planted too lean! Lush upholstery, in between small bulbous plants and one or two small trees placed around a small pond, that is pure harmony. Birds and other small animals feel at ease there.