Rock garden: Hardy cacti and succulents in the garden


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Opuntia - Opuntia

A gloomy conservatory is never nice to look at. However, if you decide to plant a part with winter-hardy cacti and succulents in a rock garden in your garden, you will have plenty of color in the garden even in winter. So this rock garden can arise in direct proximity to the terrace and is therefore also visible from the house. And maybe there are even a few days when sun can be enjoyed on the terrace, all the more beautiful with green plants all around that bring a taste to the summer.

Create rock garden for the winter

Who creates a rock garden, should also think of the winter. Because then the area without plants can look very desolate. But even for the winter is a rock garden, this can surround the terrace and so already in the winter to the summer. In any case, the rock garden, in which also grow the plants in winter, should find its place in the garden he can also be seen from the house through the closed windows. A rock garden should always be created in a bright and sunny place. This is the only reason that the stones in the shade and too little sun can easily vermoosen. Removing the moss is a big hassle, so it should not be able to form. Otherwise, the following should be noted for the rockery in winter:
  • choose hardy cacti and succulents
  • set them up so that they look good on their own in winter
  • in between are set early-summer and late-flowering blooms
  • In this way, the rock garden is an eye-catcher all year round
  • Create rock garden only with hardy cacti and succulents
  • These offer an appealing image even in the other seasons
  • some plants can be cultivated in the tub
  • so the whole picture is relaxed
  • distribute the tubs in and around the rock garden
Tip: Cactus and succulent lovers get their money's worth with a rock garden with the hardy varieties. This is because the landscaped rockery stays green all year round and, depending on the variety of plants, also becomes colorful in the summer.

Hardy cacti

There are many varieties of cacti growing in different sizes. For a rock garden only with cacti and succulents, it is therefore appropriate to choose among the winter hardy varieties also different high-growing plants, so that a loosened image arises. The following cacti are hardy and can easily be cultivated on a rock garden without the need for appropriate measures in winter:
echinocereus
The hedgehog cactus has attractive flowers and thorns. Depending on the variety it is upright growing, stocky or long-growing and creeping. They form at the top branches where the funnel-shaped flowers also appear. The cactus can survive low temperatures well and unfolds its bloom in the summer.
Echinofossulocactus
The spherical cactus can reach up to five meters high and reach a diameter of one meter. But in his own garden he is not so big, because this takes up to a hundred years. However, most varieties of these cacti do not flower, but have a considerable thorn dress.
Tip: Cacti and the succulents with their fleshy leaves have the advantage that they can store long water and thus survive a longer dry period. If a rock garden was created only with these plants, frequent watering is unnecessary, even in summer.
Escobaria
The spherical cacti have a thorn cushion, the flowers formed in summer are bronze or purple. These form on the head of the cacti. The following year, small red berries form, which are not edible.
Ferro Cactus
Also under this Latin name many different varieties are summarized again. These desert cacti have powerful thorns that are hooked at the ends. These cacti can grow up to 1.60 meters in the open air and can reach a circumference of up to one meter.
Gymnocalycium
Some 50 different varieties are known from these desert cacti, which have the following characteristics:
  • spherical-flat
  • have tattered ribs
  • interesting thorns
  • pretty flowers in different colors
  • yellow, white, pink or red
  • funnel-shaped
  • rather short
Hamatocactus
The feature of these cacti is their individual body without side shoots. In early autumn or in summer, the yellow, silky flowers form. The areoles are white-tipped and sit on the tattered ribs. This cactus is a small, up to 15 cm high and 10 cm wide.
mamillaria
This is the largest family of cacti. About 400 different varieties belong to this. They tend to form groups, the bodies are usually stocky and spherical or columnar. Further features of these varieties are:
  • Warts on the surface
  • this is where the thorns grow
  • blooms from spring to summer
Tip: Even with the many different cactus species, there are early and late bloomers. If they are cultivated mixed in the rock garden, it blooms in the different places throughout the summer.

Opuntia - Opuntia


Opuntia
Under the genus of Opuntia many different species are known, which can vary greatly in size and habit. These can look like this:
  • upright and hardly branched
  • cylindrically shaped dwarf forms growing in groups
  • disk-shaped, thorn-studded limbs forming a body
  • also species without thorns are known
  • different species make flowers
Pediocactus
All species of this genus grow small and only up to 20 inches high. They grow spherical or cylindrical and have no ribs. The thorns are sitting on the small warts. Pediocactus blooms in colors of white, magenta or yellow. The flowering time is in spring, but already in the fall, the first buds are formed. Later, reddish-brown fruits are formed.
Thelocactus
The Thelocactus is characterized mainly by its spherical shape and the colorful thorns. The different species bloom in different colors from white to pink to violet, also yellow flower colors are represented. Other features include the following:
  • be 25 to 40 inches high
  • in diameter up to 20 centimeters
  • the thorns sit on warts

agaves

Agave varieties

Agaves belong to the succulents, even if they are not a cactus species. The special thing about agaves is that they bloom only once in their lives. Therefore, it is more of a hardy plant for the hardy rock garden. After all, having a flower is very rare, as it requires decades of growth, but it can live up to 100 years. If the agave has enough space, it can become very large. Further properties of the plant are the following:
  • very dangerous and pointed end thorns
  • care should be taken with a household with small children
  • Protect against contact with end spines, put on wine corks
  • the green, rich, thick leaves grow from the middle
  • makes many offshoots around
Varieties Yucca
Yuccas are very suitable as companion plants for cactuses in a rock garden. Again, there are different varieties of yucca:
  • short stature
  • form a single head up to 50 centimeters high
  • variegated varieties
  • There are also Yucca plants that form a trunk, these are known under Yucca palm
  • If they are older than ten years, flowers form
Conclusion
Hardy cacti and succulents, there are many varieties that can be combined well in a rock garden. So there are also early and late flowering, which together cultivated in the summer guarantee a flowering cactus garden. In winter, the rock garden is then evergreen and continues to provide an attractive eye-catcher in the garden. Because cacti and succulents do not need much water as they store it, they survive a prolonged dry period and are very easy to care for on account of their origin, the desert.

Video Board: BIG SUCCULENT ROCK GARDEN: Cold Hardy Orostachys Sempervivum Sedum Cacti - GROOVY PLANTS RANCH 2018.

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