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Stonecrop, Stonecrop - Nursing, Cutting and Varieties The stonecrop has not earned the name because of its appearance. This plant is a very diverse genus. There are about 500 different types of fat hen. The occurrence of the plant is predominantly found in northern latitude. Here the fat hen feels comfortable and grows almost everywhere. The fat hen is very easy to care for and undemanding. There are species that are only about 10 to 20 tall and are therefore suitable as ground cover. Other species grow up to 60 cm tall. The variety of flowers he fat hen is very broad. From a delicate pink to a rich yellow, many color ranges are covered. The flowers are arranged in a star shape, while the leaves are rather fleshy. This made the plant resistant to a short dry period. The leaves store a lot of water, so that the water requirement can be covered by the leaves. The flowering time varies depending on the genus. In general, however, the Fetthenne blooms in the period from May to October.
Sowing and propagation
The seeds of the fat hen can be purchased in the garden center. Sowing is preferably done in spring and is sown over a wide area. As soon as the plants reach a height of five to ten cm, they are placed at a distance of 20 cm from each other. Thus, the plants have enough space to grow sufficiently. The soil should be permeable, so that no waterlogging can form. You can also buy the plant already finished in preference and throughout. If the fat hen is feeling well and has grown well, the plant can be propagated by sharing. To do this, remove the fat hen from the earth and detach the earth from the roots. The next step is to split the plant by gently pulling it apart. The plant parts are now planted individually in the soil or in a pot.
The fat hen is an incredibly robust plant. In 2011 she was elected perennial of the year. It has also been found that the fat hen itself appears to be immune to salt. On roadsides, where the plant in winter with the road salt comes in contact, the plant was not deterred from continuing to inspire with their beauty. The fat hen or stonecrop, as it is also called, can be planted everywhere, the main thing is the soil is loose and permeable. Many flat species of fat hen also sow themselves when the place seems comfortable.
If the plant lingers outdoors, you do not need to repot them at any time. You should only divide the plant every four to five years to support flower growth. If you would like to leave the fat hen in the living room, you can repot the plant every year, depending on the growth rate. To do this, steadily use a slightly larger pot to allow the roots to spread well.
Care or attention requires the Fetthenne only slightly. A loose humus soil is completely sufficient. If you have a heavy soil, mix some sand and / or gravel. The flat species are cut back slightly after flowering, otherwise the plant would fall apart and not maintain a beautiful shape. You should also divide the stonecrop every four to five years, so that the plant has enough space to flower. Never allow the soil to completely dry out as some plant species are less able to cope with absolute dryness.
The fat hen loves it because the soil is loose and permeable. In addition, the soil should be rich in nutrients and kept moderately moist to dry. Sun is no problem for the plant, only the blazing midday heat should be avoided. Some species thrive equally well in partially shaded locations.
The rainy weather in our latitude is completely sufficient to provide the fat hen with enough water. However, if it does not rain for weeks, the plant needs to be supplied with water.
Fertilization is not necessary for the fat hen.
Flat types of stonecrop should be cut back slightly after flowering to prevent them from falling apart. All other species are cut in spring to just above the ground.
The plant is absolutely hardy and can hibernate well outdoors. The only thing that has to be considered here is to avoid waterlogging. If the weather is very rainy and snowy, the soil should be covered with leaves or wood shavings.
- Weihenstephaner Gold - Sedum floriferum - yellow flowers, can grow up to 20 cm high
- Stonecrop - Sedum acre - yellow flowers, good groundcover
- Greater Stonecrop Stardust - Sedum spectabile, white flowers, light green foliage, grows up to 30 cm tall
- Sedum spurium, pink flower color, is up to 15 cm high
- Greater Stonecrop "Carmen" - Sedum spectabile, flowers appear in dark pink, will reach 40 cm high
- Purple Stonecrop "Matrona" - Sedum Telephium hybrid, flowers in dark pink, reddish shimmering foliage, can grow up to 60 cm high
- Purple Stonecrop "Herbstfreude" - Sedum telephium, rust-red flower color, grows up to 50 cm high
The easy-care fat hen is almost resistant to everything. Only waterlogging is to be avoided in the plant.
The stonecrop is an undemanding plant with brightly-colored flowers. If the stonecrop is planted in a good location, it enchants roadsides, gardens and also any kind of limitations with its beauty. In winter, the plant may stay outdoors and requires no care. Only the flat species should be cut back after flowering. For the other species it is sufficient if they are cut in the spring. The fat hen is due to its lightness, in terms of care and the time required for gardeners ideally suited. But also with hobby gardeners with experience the plant is gladly seen because of its positive characteristics.
In each garden many different plant varieties grow, most of which also make demands on the gardener. So the location must be right and the sun and soil conditions should correspond as closely as possible to the needs of the plant. But there are also plants that are very frugal or sometimes even adapt to the prevailing conditions. Frugal means that such varieties are satisfied with poor soil and not so optimal air and sun conditions. They develop anyway and grow, much to the delight of the gardener.
Such a plant is called, for example, the fat hen, also called fat hen or stonecrop. The fat hen is satisfied with many external conditions and grows almost everywhere. The fat hen belongs to the genus of the thick-leafed plants and their Latin name is Sedum. There are many different species here, as in every plant.
Due to their unpretentiousness, the species of fat hen are used almost everywhere, especially in balcony bowls or plant buckets, but also in green roofs or in borders. Even in stone joints, the fat hen finds everything she needs.
The thick, fleshy leaves serve the plant as a water reservoir, which explains a part of their contentment. It may happen that the stonecrop changes the color of its leaves, which means that the leaves turn reddish in high heat and dryness and when cold. Normalize the weather conditions again, then the leaves are green again.
The true stonecrop, in the jargon Sedum acre, is a kind of fat hen. It blooms yellow and is wintergreen. A special feature of this species is that it quickly forms large rugs while forming lawns. Walzensedum is the name of the fat hen, which in contrast flowers purple, grows to 15 centimeters high and is also suitable for the area planting. With white inflorescences, for example, the Sedum bellum awaits. She does not like too fat soil, is content with loose or loamy-sandy soils. One very common and popular is the Gold Fetthenne. She wears bright yellow star flowers and forms up to 15 centimeters high upholstery. The fat hen Sedum spurium blooms from June to July in flat umbel-like pink grapes. A pygmy fat hen, which is suitable for any garden, is the dwarf ball - Sedum, whose leaves are frosted spherical and greyish green. The leaf color changes to dryness in pink. This species is not as big as its name suggests, it grows only up to 8 inches in height. A solitary plant among the fat hens is the so-called Sedum telephium. It blooms pink to rust-red and grows up to half a meter high. It is also suitable for beautiful discounts because of their impressive appearance.
The list of species of fat hen is very long, so that for every spot in the garden or on the farm certainly the right one can be found. In whatever shape and color, the fat hen is an eye-catcher, which it pays to plant.