Fertilize strawberries - the best natural fertilizers / home remedies


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Fertilize strawberries - healthy plants

You can easily grow a strawberry plant by fertilizing it "somehow". But you will not get any strawberry plants to develop fruits with intense strawberry flavor unless you provide them with the nutrients they need in nearly the right amount. Using natural fertilizers / home remedies makes this much easier than using synthetic fertilizer concentrates. a. because their correct dosage is associated with considerable analysis and computational effort.

Why use natural fertilizers / home remedies?

In the garden center / hardware store there is a whole big division for fertilizer, and the increasing back-to-the-stone-age tendencies annoy you? Clearly enough, this area is teeming with absolutist ideologies, whose most determined representatives are only satisfied when people without tanned leather skins on their feet (who in turn drive the next intolerant ideologues into indignation) have to pay public fines.
Yet, over the last few years (decades), our government has watched how more profit-making industries, rather than the common good, have developed products / production processes that harm citizens. Man-made fertilizers cause annoyance, climate, soil and drinking water; in this small film of the Federal Environmental Agency: werden.umweltbundesamt.de/tags/intensivlandwirtschaft you learn briefly and succinctly summarized how it could come so far and what direction changes are pending soon.
In agriculture, the amount of fertilizer to be applied is at least precisely calculated (which also does not keep the drinking water clean or the soil healthy, which is why the reform of intensive farming is inevitable for profit-independent experts); on the other hand, most home gardeners generously distribute the synthetic fertilizers without soil analysis... and even at the last statistical survey per area have applied considerably more fertilizers and pesticides than agriculture.
But the picture changes; the more citizens learn of the difficulties with soil and water, the more private gardeners see only natural organic fertilizers, with which over-fertilization is (almost) impossible. Managing things simply with home remedies is smart and time-saving - and gets even smarter when the home remedies come out of household waste. Both are very good for the strawberries:

The soil and its preparation

young strawberry plant

Fertilization "starts well before fertilization", with the soil in which the strawberry is planted and its preparation. Our strawberry is a pure cultivated plant, a cross between the South American Chile strawberry and the North American scarlet strawberry. So it does not know a natural site in the true sense, but both types of parents are used to the good soil that can be found in forests or clearings.
The garden strawberry has taken over these claims, the selected (like a little sheltered, but beautifully light) location for them should therefore be of about this quality: humus rich, well supplied with nutrients; evenly moist, but so permeable that it never runs wet; Low in calcium, but slightly acidic at best, pH levels between 5.5 and 6.5 are best for strawberries.
If you are happy now, because the topsoil applied after the house construction has exactly these characteristics and the soil for the short strawberry roots must not be too deep - unfortunately you were a little too happy: For strawberries, a soil is recommended is well drained up to the deep ground; from cultivation on soils that are prone to waterlogging, is even strongly advised against.
Unfortunately, the short strawberry roots do not remain short, but after rooting extend to a depth of around 60 cm... if they can, because the soil is loose and rootable to this depth. In any case, professionals pay attention to the fact that heavily stressed strawberry plants can B. on a self-picking field to a depth of 60 cm have loose soil under it; You should emulate the professionals in this regard. Because the roots of the strawberry are their weak point, sensitive and in case of a little too much wet fast to rot, with or without root fungus infection.
Otherwise, the soil only has to provide enough nutrients, he does not do that from home, he is prepared accordingly:
  • The soil preparation starts at the earliest 6 and ends at the latest 2 months before planting
  • Ground at the planned location about 2 spades deep
  • If necessary, condense the sole at the bottom and possibly loosen it a bit
  • Repeat solid soil several times with the spade
  • Loosen root-ground by tearing the old roots with a grave fork
  • Pour through a coarse sieve or rake until it is loose particles, sort stones, roots, weeds
  • Mix excavation with mature compost, 0.5 cm to 1 cm per square meter
  • If the pH is too high, add half rotted needles, softwood bark, or other acidifying rotting
  • If nutrient-poor soil is to be fertilized with manure, mix in up to 5 kg per square meter
  • Put the excavation back into the pit and keep it slightly moist until it has started to bloom
Earth / substrate for balcony strawberries is similarly prepared, but here it is sufficient if the enriched potting soil can settle for at least 2 weeks. In both cases, just before planting, the soil should not be worked on because strawberries are slow to grow in newly processed soils (the 2-week deadline is also enough for "spontaneous garden strawberries" when the compost is ripe and seasoned enough) ).
tip - If you do not know the nutrient content and pH of the soil at the planned location, a soil analysis is worthwhile when planting the strawberries. Your environmental agency calls you the next provider, more than low double-digit euro amounts should not cost it. Then you have a basis on which you can orient your future actions using natural fertilizers for years, because the land values ​​are less at risk of "driving the elevator" here.

Organic fertilizer for healthy strawberry enjoyment

strawberries

Organic fertilizer is organic matter with plant-usable nutrients, for composting a hobby garden usually compost, manure, horn shavings, horse manure, guano and Pflanzenjauchen are used.
All that differently and differently cultivated strawberry plants see again at different times, after they were placed in sufficiently nutritious earth:
  • One-year-old cultivated garden strawberries were exhausted in the first season
  • For the production of a lush harvest they need many nutrients
  • So, before flowering, you get another 5 kg of compost per square meter
  • And again 2.5 kg just before the fruit ripen, when the earth was rather lean in the original state
  • Perennial cultivated strawberry plants get in the first season in the fall again fertilizer (regardless of whether you have removed the flowers or could reap a little)
  • Depending on the nutrient content of the soil, another 1 to 5 kg of sieved compost are incorporated
  • The fertilizer will be prepared by the soil organisms "ready for planting" until next spring
  • In the following season, the multi-year are fertilized, as described above for the annuals
  • Permanent bearers (strawberries, climbing strawberries) need nutrients throughout the season
  • Every two weeks a spoonful of organic fertilizer is the least
  • Unless they are wild strawberries (Fragaria vesca)
  • In those even the high-performing trellis artists are fertilized very reserved
  • Too good supply should influence the taste rather negatively
  • Speaking of taste marks: For gourmets, make sure to use the right kind of fertilizer
  • Especially for fertilization just before fruit ripeness you need organic fertilizers that leave no traces of taste in the fruit
  • The traders where you buy such varieties can make recommendations

When and how much

When exactly how much fertilizer you give is not so important with organic fertilizers if you stick to the rough guidelines. The plants can absorb nutrients, but they do not have to, over-fertilization is almost impossible.
If, instead of regular soil analysis, you prefer to work towards completely natural garden management every few years, you should develop an attentive eye for your plants. Sooner or later, you will see a plant, if it is still a little hungry... The immediately recommended soil care contributes further nutrients, until at some point you are ready to "fertilize" your plants.

From fertilizing to permanent soil care

By avoiding synthetically produced and using organic fertilizers you have already done a lot for your own health and for the growth of strawberries and other plants already done a lot. The garden soil will feed your plants better and the garden will also be a healthier environment for you, if you do not stop there, but permanently cultivate and maintain the soil close to nature. With the following measures, natural floor care can be set up and maintained in the home garden:

1. Mulching, compost and fertilizing home remedies

Mulch is organic material that is made available to the soil as a permanent fertilizer and humus source.
Mulching is natural fertilization and natural soil maintenance because you do not do more than imitate nature. A forest floor - in structure and composition of one of the best soils "a plant can imagine" - arises from the fact that organic matter (leaves and other plant parts of trees, smaller herbaceous plants which belong to plant society "forest undergrowth") Soil falls or dies on the ground, rots as a result of a productive interaction of the weather and soil organisms - and thus becomes humus.
You "copy" this process with the mulching; Just by not exposing your garden floor "naked and exposed to the elements", you can achieve a lot in the direction of floor care: the mulch cover cools and warms as needed, protects the soil organisms and protects against the effects of the weather. It regulates the moisture content of the soil, too little moisture is kept and too much moisture is bound; The cover with the mulch leaves the soil loose and elastic. The rotting of the mulch causes humus to be continuously fed to it - nothing more is needed to "produce soil".

big strawberries

If you have a shredder or can borrow from your community, which also reduces most of the annual cut, you can shred all plant remains that are found in the garden, and use them again as a mulch useful immediately. Normally mulch has the middle brown tone, which results from shredding mixed plant remainders.
Strawberry plants get a special treatment with regard to the mulch, which makes the harvest much easier or makes a clean harvest possible: They are embedded in a light mulch layer, which is usually made with plain straw. It fulfills the essential functions of a mulch cover, but has a lower moisture content, the berries are not directly on moist soil / organic matter and can be harvested sparkling clean. Fertilizing compost is introduced again after the harvest, when the "cleanliness layer" has been cleared away.
The mulch cover is used by the expert gardener as a carrier mass, in order to deliberately supply the plants with more nutrients. This is where the compost comes into play, and with it the home remedy that can be converted to fertilizer (leftovers in the household): Considering the soil and soil care just taken, the compost is a "mulching on several floors", in which all the garden and household leftovers to be processed into an organic substance that is somewhere between soil and fertilizer.
Garden remains are clear, leaves, grass clippings, anything that is cut off from plants or drops and is zusammengeharkt. Home remedies that ripen into compost to soil / fertilizer, fall in every household some:
  • Coffee grounds, brewed tea leaves
  • Bananas and banana peels
  • Dry bread, finely grated
  • Spices, teas, cereals, cornflakes that have become old
  • Faded vase flowers and "antique" dried flowers
  • Natural litter from small animal cages
  • Household paper with which iron pans are washed out (shredded)
  • Peel leftover vegetables and fruit
  • Forbidden: meat from factory farming and heavily processed industrial products intended to replace foodstuffs
  • Rotting (composting) is aerobic decomposition (with oxygen), meat is decomposed by anaerobic (without air) working bacteria (= fault)
  • Highly processed food substitute products are made with chemical elements that we usually do not know about
  • Drink or sauce, ready or made from powder, preserved milk etc., etc. could rot, but also rotten...
tip - If your natural garden has developed an aesthetic color scheme in which bright mulch of yellow straw attracts attention, you can get creative: The strawberry mulch does not necessarily have to be straw, loosely grouped under the root, dry, clean and not crumbly enough. If you can use dry, well-rotting leaves, the color usually fits better and has the advantage that you do not have to clear the "cleanliness layer" after harvesting.

2. Other floor care measures

strawberry

With the concept described so far you will be able to harvest magnificent strawberries. The next step is to extend this magnificent harvest at the given location by several years, or eliminate the notorious soil fatigue of the strawberries, and this is how it works:
  • Say goodbye to the bed, in nature, plants never grow in tidy square shape next to each other
  • But in mixed culture, the new plant sits down between many others who are already growing in one location
  • In doing so, plant communities form, which promote and support each other
  • You can actively "train" by joining the right neighbors to the strawberries
  • Bush beans, lettuce, leeks, radishes, chives, spinach, onions promote the growth of strawberry plants
  • Cabbages should stay away, they promote the same harmful accumulation of soil organisms as the strawberry plants
  • Borage, fennel, garlic and cumin support strawberry plants with their herbal power
  • Also, gladioli, marigolds, sunflowers and zinnias, alternately or together next to / after the strawberries planted, should prevent soil fatigue
  • "Give" your strawberries a few mycorrhiza = supporting soil fungi
  • Today, tribes that are especially beneficial for certain plant species are available
  • Starkzehre set at some distance from each other, which keeps the floor longer awake

Video Board: Feeding Your Plants for Free - How to Make Fertilizer for Your Vegetable Garden.

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