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Strawberries are popular with adults and children alike. They can be planted under consideration of some tips and hints in nearly every garden. However, some people are a little confused when the question arises whether the tasty red fruit is not rather a nut?
Fruit or nut?
From a botanical point of view, strawberries belong to the so-called collective nut fruits. Because the yellow-green "dots" that you find on a strawberry are really small nuts, meaning seeds. These seeds are enclosed by woody fruit walls. The actual red pulp that tastes so aromatic is, in the true sense of the word, the high-veined flower ground. This is generally mistaken for a fruit. Because of this, many experts dub the tasty strawberry as a fake fruit.
Sowing the seeds
To successfully use strawberries you need:
- strawberry seeds
- seeding shells
- seed sowing
- Maybe some labels
- Pots made of organic material
The right location
Before you put your pulled seedlings in the garden, an ideal location for them must be found. This should have the following attributes:
- Neutral to weakly acidic garden soil
- Nutrient-rich, well-drained garden soil
- Full sun, without shade
As soon as the young strawberry plants have several, larger leaves, have a strong growth and the weather permits it to be planted in the garden. So it should ideally be a warm, sunny climate prevail. In general, the plants are from May to August. However, this varies depending on the variety. When planting in the garden soil care should be taken that the soil is evenly moist in the organic pots. Then you put the "pupils" in a previously excavated hole, push it carefully into it and put earth on it. Then the soil is pressed tightly around the plant and poured well. In this case, a planting distance should be maintained in the range of 20 to 30 centimeters. The delicious fruits can be harvested from June, depending on the variety.
The strawberry plants should generally be kept free of weeds. If there are longer dry periods in the summer or if the soil has dried out, you must water it. Ideally, the soil is generally kept moist. When watering, make sure that neither the fruits, nor the leaves or the "heart" of the plants come into contact with water. It is also recommended to remove the tendrils early.
For strawberries, an organic fertilizer is recommended. It should be stressed in general potassium and phosphorus. The first fertilizer application starts at the beginning of sprouting, about three weeks after planting. A second fertilization takes place in August or September. Although this should be done after the harvest but before the bud formation for the next year. Approximately 50 to 70 grams per square meter of organic berry fertilizer are carefully incorporated here.
Multiply own plants
Strawberries can easily be propagated by themselves. For this purpose, only the sprouts must be cultivated. These are not removed after harvesting. If they are about 40 centimeters long, they can be used individually and thereby grow.
As preparation for the winter, all leaves are first removed so that no pathogens or fungi form. The heart of the plant must not be damaged. If the soil has been loosened and fertilized, you can put a blanket of spruce travel or protective fleece over the plants.
Strawberry plants can suffer from a variety of diseases, including:
- crown rot
- Red root rot
- Gray mold
- Violet spot disease
- mold growth
Pests: Danger to the strawberry plants
In addition to various diseases, strawberry plants often also use animal pests. These include:
- Strawberry Blossom (Beetle)
- Strawberry ground beetles
With a little patience for your own harvest
With the right care and patience, it is quite possible to use strong and healthy strawberry plants, which form a variety of flowers. However, one should keep a close eye on the plants so that they can act quickly in case of illness or pest infestation.
A knowledge gap and its backgrounds
The Latin name for the strawberry is Fragaria vescawhich means edible fragrance.
Berries are fruits whose seeds are embedded in the juicy flesh of a fruit. As with the grape for example. In the strawberry you can see the fruits but as a small yellow-brown seeds on the outer skin of the fruits. They are nutlets, each of which originated from its own ovary or ovule. Seen in this way, the strawberry is a collection of many individual nutlets. These collections are referred to as common fruits. Raspberries and blackberries are also included. If you bite on the nuts, it cracks a bit.
What is the red strawberry that we devour with devotion, is nothing more than the fleshy flower axis of the strawberry plant. It is the white marrow of the flower soil, which is colored with the maturity of the edge by herbal, red dyes. The small green wreath of five leaves on the strawberry fruit is nothing more than the sepals of the original strawberry blossom.
No strawberries and no peanuts
The strawberry is a nut, also explains why people who have a nut allergy, often also allergic to strawberries. Speaking of nut: The language confusion goes even further! Just as strawberries are not berries, from a botanical point of view, peanuts are not nuts, but legumes and therefore related to peas and beans.