Create and design streams

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Watercourses in the garden are not just for hillside properties, even if they are easier to lay out because of the existing gradient. But already three percent gradient (3 inches to 100 inches in length) enough to make water flow. You do not necessarily have to live on the hillside to be able to fulfill the dream of your own stream in the garden. Whether modern, natural or rural: there are many ways to create streams in the garden. It is important that the design of the stream fits the style of the garden.

Streams in the garden: natural and romantic

In terms of design, Bach runs either connect different parts of the garden or even several small ponds with each other. Curved creeks loosen up gardens, straight-lined brooks fit with formal design. To protect plants, animals and cleansing bacteria, the water in the Bachelgmenten should be able to stand, even if the pump is not running. A spring pot, sourcestone or gargoyle marks the water outlet. As a rule of thumb for the required amount of water is: per centimeter stream width should drain at the source about 1.5 liters of water per minute.

Creek with a small pond

The design of the brook should fit harmoniously into the rest of the garden design

Shape creek with pond

If your property is flat, you should create the stream in combination with a garden pond. This has two advantages: First, you gain a slope by planning the water level of the pond, for example, 20 centimeters below the ground surface. On the other hand, you have enough excavation available to easily fill up the area around the planned creek. So also the excavation from the pond hole is immediately processed again.

Plan streams in the garden

Classic streams can be created very simply in the form of a foil groove. It is important to note the capillary barrier, so that the plants around the stream do not grow into the stream and remove the water from it. Curvy streams seem more natural than dead straight waters, but also need more space. For this purpose, the film web must be folded in the curves clean. Tip: On hot summer days, the film is best laid. In any case, it is advisable to make a sketch as accurate as possible and then outline the outlines with short bamboo sticks in the terrain to determine the exact size of the stream.
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Creating streams: That's how it's done

Lift in the direction of the slope a straight or curved elongated depression. Depending on the taste, you can provide a steady gradient or a cascade-like course. Then dress the finished hollow with hollow sand, fleece and pond liner.

After laying the foil, the front of the step is covered with laminated natural stones. With a mixture of water plant substrate and loamy earth, the stream is filled at the edge. On the step, it is best to lay one or more flat stones in a mortar bed. This ensures that the water does not trickle under the stones even at low pumping speeds.

Creek longitudinal and cross section

The finished hollow can be filled with filling sand, fleece and pond liner

Plant streams

Finally, the bank area is planted and laid out with stones and gravel so that the film disappears. Here you can find plants such as the Japanese marsh iris (Iris laevigata), the dwarf barb (Juncus ensifolius), marsh and summer primrose (Primula rosea and Primula florindae). Plants that grow directly in the streambed are placed in plant bags and rebuilt with stones (see cross section).

Where does the water come from?

To create a closed water cycle, a stream pump with sufficient capacity is installed at the lowest point. It pumps the water back up through a hose. For example, you can laminate the end of the hose with a terracotta amphora. Danger: Lay the return line next to and not under the stream bed so that you can easily expose it later in case of disturbances in the water cycle (see longitudinal section). The cascade design has a great advantage, especially for goldfish fans, because the water is enriched by the swirling with oxygen.

Garden with stream

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Create and design streams: design

Create and design streams: streams

Create and design streams: streams


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Stream (8)

Create and design streams: create

A shallow spring pot looks calmer than a steep waterfall

Create and design streams: design

The Marsh Marigold (Caltha palustris) is the classic pond edge planting and radiates with its sun-yellow flowers

Create and design streams: garden

Instead of loose rock such as sand or gravel you can also flow the water over stone slabs

Create and design streams: water

The Swamp Iris (Iris laevigata) can be planted up to 10 centimeters deep into the water

Create and design streams: garden

If the creek divides the garden, a romantic bridge can be planned with

Create and design streams: design

The dome-flowered Trollblume (Trollius europaeus) is endangered in the field and is under protection. It belongs to the wetland plants and is well suited as a marginal planting

Create and design streams: design

A creek bed made of large pebbles looks very natural and rustic

Create and design streams: design

A gargoyle is a pretty accessory for the Bach spring. Make sure that the flow rate is sufficient

Garden with stream


Creek with stone slabs

Iris pseudacorus



Stream bed of large pebbles


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