Strelizie, Strelitzie - Nursing Guide and Mushrooming


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Strelizie, Strelitzie - Nursing Guide and Mushrooming: nursing

The Strelizie is located in South Africa and in the Canary Islands. The flower is similar to an exotic bird's head, therefore, other well-known names "bird of paradise flower" and "parrot flower". Almost all year round you can admire the flowers of Strelizia.
Mostly these exotic flowers bloom for more than four weeks. As the three petals of the flower open in succession, one pats from a long flowering period. The large and leathery leaves of the parrot flower resemble banana plants. About four years after sowing, Strelizia blossoms for the first time.

Location for Strelizia

In our latitudes the Strelitzia can not grow as an open field plant. Due to the climatic conditions, the bird of paradise flower is sown in the tub. In winter you should definitely put the plant in the house. As soon as the temperatures drop below 10° C at night, the Strelizie must be brought indoors. Only from the second half of May the Strelizie can be put out again. There is a possibility that the parrot flower will stay in a light and airy location until the end of September. Also in the house it needs a bright location. The room temperature should be 10 to 15° C. In very good conditions, the beginning of flowering is in December. The Strelizie especially appreciates a location that is very bright and where it benefits from several hours of daily sunshine. In weak, poor lighting conditions, the Strelitzia can not form flowers.
Location tips:
  • bright place with several hours of sunlight
  • in winter cool place at temperatures of 10 to 15° C
  • avoid weak, poor lighting conditions

Strelizia - care and attitude

When casting, you should be careful to avoid waterlogging. Nevertheless, it is important, especially larger plants in the summer to provide enough water. They lose a lot of moisture through their leaves. Since the bird of paradise flower is in a cooler location in winter, it requires less water. The Strelitzia are watered abundantly. After casting, it is necessary to remove excess water from the coaster. Under no circumstances should the parrot flower stay in the water. In addition, it is recommended to allow the upper layer of soil to dry slightly before the next watering. The Strelizie needs a rest period from winter to spring. During this period you should only water the plant very sparingly. It is important to make sure that the pot bales do not dry out. In addition, Strelizia should be in a cool location for early flowering. At intervals of 14 days, the plant should be treated with some liquid fertilizer. During the resting phase the fertilization is stopped. Only every three years is a repot of the Strelitzia required. Otherwise, it is sufficient to renew the upper layer of soil in the pot. When repotting, you should be especially careful, because the sensitive roots can easily break off.
Care Tips:
  • Avoid waterlogging when watering
  • fertilize every 14 days
  • Repotting required every three years

pests

It sometimes happens that the Strelizie is attacked by scale insects. On the undersides of the leaves and stalks there are scale insects that are flat and 3-4 mm long. At first they are light brown to greenish. Later they turn dark brown. The waxy shields are already empty at this time and there are no more larvae to be found underneath. After some time, the leaves of the plant fall off. To combat these pests, there are some environmentally friendly measures. It is possible to scrape off the scale insects. Subsequently, the undersides of the leaves are treated with an oil-based agent. The oil film serves to suffocate the scale insects. If one discovers the pests in time, the scraping off is sufficient. So it is possible to save the time-consuming brushing or spraying. Therefore, one should always keep a Strelizie in winter quarters always in mind to be able to intervene immediately at the beginning of the pest infestation. The sticky honeydew, which comes from excess sugars, is wiped wet. Otherwise there is the possibility that harmful fungi settle here and additionally weaken the plant. To prevent the pest infestation, a high humidity is required. This measure is very effective and also benefits your own health.
Tips for pest control
  • Scrape off the scales
  • if necessary, treat with oil-based agent
  • Wipe off honeydew
  • to prevent sufficient fresh air

Propagation of Strelizia

Strelitzia reginae, bird of paradise flower, King Strelitzia

The Strelitzia can be propagated by division in late spring. For this purpose, the parrot flower must be taken out of the pot. Then a Nebenspross with some roots and three leaves is carefully separated.This plant is potted into a planter filled with compost. About 5 weeks, this pot should be placed in a bright, warm place without direct sunlight. The new plant will not be fertilized during this time. You should also pay attention to water only a little. Between the watering, the earth has to dry out again and again. As soon as the growth time is over, the plant already has well-developed roots. This offspring can be further cultivated like a mature specimen.
Propagation tips:
  • Carefully remove the plant from the pot
  • Separate partial plant
  • plant in pots and place for about 5 weeks without direct sunlight
  • then cultivate as a mature specimen
The Strelizie is a very attractive plant of the banana family and exudes a tropical flair in the garden, on the terrace, on the balcony or in the conservatory. The bird of paradise flower loves sufficient sun exposure and is not hardy. Since the plant tends to pest infestation by scale insects, sufficient humidity is particularly important. By dividing the mother plant one can increase the Strelizie.

Worth knowing about Trelizia in a nutshell

  • Strelizia comes from southern Africa, but are now also widely distributed in the Canary Islands.
  • They got their name in honor of Princess Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, the wife of the English King George III.
  • The plant was first brought from Africa to England in the 18th century.
  • In 1818, the first Strelizie came from England to Germany, where it flourished four years later.
Strelizia are extremely hardy and not very demanding in terms of their care, they need a warm, sunny or partially shaded location as well as permeable, nutrient-rich soil. Since much liquid evaporates through the large leaves, the plants need plenty of water in spring and summer, in addition to the irrigation water once a week, but at least every 14 days, liquid fertilizer should be added. The soil should be kept moist, but in between the top layer of earth should dry out again and again. In winter, the plants need less water, and they need a bright, cool place of no more than 15 ºC.

Strelizie does not bloom?

Strelizia flower only at the age of three to four years at the earliest, rather later. You do not have to worry about that before. Until then, the plant needs as much sun as possible in summer. It is best she is outdoors. However, it is important that you get used to the sun slowly, otherwise there will be sunburn. Two to three weeks of familiarization are usually sufficient. Then you should protect them for some time from blazing midday sun.
The important thing is to find the right level when casting. The root ball should never dry out, but the plant should not be poured over. Stagnant water is to be avoided, otherwise the roots rot and quite quickly. It is best not to place a saucer under the planter. Decisive for a flowering is also that the vessel for the Strelizie is not too large. As long as the plant can form roots, it invests its power there and not in flower formation.
In the apartment Strelizien usually bloom in early spring. They like a cooler location in winter, but it needs to be very bright. It is poured deuterlich economical, but never completely dry out!

Rolled leaves - what to do?

Rolled leaves almost always indicate a disturbed water balance. It does not matter if too much or too little was poured. Of course, parasites may also be the reason for rolling up the leaves. It is best to first examine the leaves for pests. If you find nothing there, you should take the perennial from the pot and take a look at the roots. Healthy roots look firm and plump. Black roots usually mean nothing good. You can still try to save the plant. Repot and remove some broken roots. Change casting behavior!

Strelizienarten

There are five types. All are located along the eastern coast of South Africa, as far as Mozambique and the eastern highlands of Zimbabwe.
  • White Strelizie - gets up to 10 meters high; the flowers are not colorful, but white to off-white; is very similar to a banana tree; blooms all year, a single inflorescence per plant; become very rare in their homeland
  • Mountain Strelizie - up to 6 meters high; also acts like a banana plant; blooms all year round, single inflorescence; very beautiful colored flower; thrives in cool, humid mountain forests; not suitable as a container plant
  • Rushes Strelizie - rather rare species; can be self-grown, seeds are commercially available
  • Natal or tree strelizia - up to 12 meters high, is very similar to a banana plant; blooms year-round, flower color not so intense; grows originally in dune vegetation; drought-tolerant; gets along well with saline coastal winds; does not tolerate strong frost
  • Bird of paradise flower or King Strelizie - as described above

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