Turning fruit, Streptocarpus - Care, propagation and wintering

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Turning fruit, Streptocarpus - Care, propagation and wintering: care

There are well over 100 Streptocarpus species that come from tropical forests in continental Africa or Madagascar. There are both annual as well as perennial (perennial) species. These plants are mainly cultivated as houseplants. The turntable owes its name to its seed, which ripen in a spiral-shaped capsule.

Appearance of spinach

The plant is evergreen, rarely woody. There are varieties that form only one leaf, most form multiple leaves, which are arranged in rosettes. There are rotating fruits with and without flower stalks. The flowers are always fünfzählig in all species, while the color varies from light pink over red to dark purple. The plant usually flowers from April to October. Almost every year new attractive varieties of spinach come to the market:
  • Popular is the Art 'Constant Nymph'whose blue or pink flowers are crossed with darker stripes.
  • Streptocarpus saxorum has branched stems, the flowers are mostly white and decorated with fine hairs.
  • The variety Streptocarpus Rexii is characterized by long flower stalks and blue flowers.

Optimal location for the spinach

Rotary fruits are used as indoor plants because of their tropical origin. Also for the heated conservatory these plants are suitable. Outdoors, they do not feel well. The appropriate place for this plant is protected during flowering on the windowsill and at the same time from direct sunlight. Optimal conditions offer windows that are aligned to the northwest or northeast.

winter quarters

In general, the Streptocarpus plant does not need any special winter quarters, but feels more at rest in a location where it gets relatively little light and where cool temperatures (about 12° C) prevail. In a winter garden or in another room that is only sparingly heated in the winter (for example staircase or bedroom), these conditions are met. Turning fruit does not like dark locations, and the plant should also be watered during the winter months.

Soil and fertilizer

  • Rotary fruits show good growth when they are planted in a loose humus soil with the addition of peat. Torfkultursubstrat is also a good solution.
  • These plants need not be fertilized too often, the addition of liquid fertilizer for flowering houseplants can be done every 14 days.
  • The fertilizer can be administered very diluted.

Pour spinach and spray

As a tropical plant spinach likes moist soil. Since sensitive leaves start to rot in too much moisture, it is recommended to pour over the base. If a plant has withered from too little fluid, a dip may often bring it to life. The water should preferably be lukewarm, after the dip the water should drain well. Turning fruit feels comfortable in the moist air, but does not like direct spraying, because in this case, its leaves and flowers change color.

Turning Fruit - Streptocarpus saxorum

In addition to the regular watering and fertilizing, turning fruits do not need much care. Withered or rotten leaves and flowers should be removed. Not only does it look good on the plant, it also prevents the spread of disease. It is also recommended to remove the fruit capsules as well. Once these have formed after flowering, they are carefully cut off. This process promotes the Streptocarpus to form more flowers - thus the flowering time is extended.

Repot turnip fruit

Rotary fruits are one of the root-root plants, which is why these plants thrive best in cup-shaped vessels. If the jar is too tight, rotating fruits can move into a larger (also flat) pot. There are two optimal times of the year when the spinach can be repotted - once after the end of flowering, ie from the end of October, and again shortly before flowering, ie at the end of March.

Multiply the spinach

Streptocarpus can be reproduced without much effort. Most breeding forms (with the exception of Streptocarpus saxorum) can be multiplied by leaf cuttings. The propagation takes place in the spring, for a larger healthy leaf is separated and cut into about three to four parts. These parts are stuck with a cutting edge down about one centimeter deep into the ground (optimally a loose mixture of sand and peat). Now it's time to be patient. In a bright, warm place, which is not lit directly from the sun, the leaves strike roots after about five weeks. Young plants form, which, as soon as they are more than seven centimeters in size, are separated from the mother leaf and repotted into individual shells. The Streptocarpus saxorum, unlike other species, is propagated by cuttings, ie by shoots.The shoots form in the spring. Once they have reached the size of at least seven inches, they are cut off and placed one to two inches deep in loose soil. As with leaf cuttings, a mixture of peat and sand is recommended. In a bright location, protected from direct sunlight, and in damp soil, the young plants will take root and begin to grow. As a rule, they only blossom in the next year.

Pests and diseases

Turned fruit is one of the most resilient crops, but there are a number of aspects to consider when selecting and maintaining a site. If the room temperatures are too low, then the plant may get gray mold. If the air humidity is too high and the room is poorly ventilated, powdery mildew threatens. The affected areas should be carefully removed, the plant - treated with the appropriate remedy for a fungal disease.

Find out more about the spinach in a nutshell

With the right care, Streptocarpus enjoys splendid flowering for several months a year. Rotary fruit is a beautiful and relatively undemanding ornamental plant, which is also easy to multiply. It is native to the tropical rainforests of South Africa and Madagascar. The spinach convinces with its beautiful flowers in many colors.
  • tropical plant from Africa;
  • effective flowers in different colors;
  • ideal for rooms or heated conservatories;
  • loves heat, does not tolerate direct sunlight;
  • needs loose humus soil and a flat vessel;
  • needs cool temperatures in winter;
  • can be easily multiplied
Location: The location should be bright, but without direct sunlight. Ideal is an east or west window. The plants always like the same lighting conditions. Often they are best placed at a window so that they get enough light for the photosynthesis. Room temperature is sufficient all year round. If the temperatures are above 24 ˚C, the humidity must be increased. You should not spray, better is a filled with pebbles and water coasters. In poor ventilation and high humidity, the rotary crop tends to infest with mildew.

Plant substrate: Humus rich earth is best suited. Ideal is a mixture of humus soil and coarse-grained peat. You can mix some carbonate of lime, that's what the plants like. The planter should be as flat as possible, because rotating fruits are flat-rooters. Repotting is when the pot is well rooted. The best time for this is after flowering or in spring.
Pouring and fertilizing: The spinach must be watered regularly and as evenly as possible. The pot ball should be evenly moist, but not wet. Before you pour again, let the uppermost layer of earth dry a little. The irrigation water should be lime-free, because the plants do not like lime. It is best to use rainwater. When casting care should be taken to water only on the ground and not on or between the leaves. This often leads to decay of the leaves and flower shoots. It is fertilized every fortnight with a commercial flowering plant fertilizer.

Video Board: Pelargonium.

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