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One could almost think that succulents came from another planet: rosette-thickleaf, echeveria, aloe and stonecrop fall completely out of line with their fleshy leaves and shoots. Derived is the name of the group of plants from the Latin word "suculentus" for "juicy". A reference to the water reservoirs in the leaves and stems, which allow the plants to survive long periods of drought. No wonder they are so sturdy and insensitive!
Succulents are perfect, especially for creative and at the same time planting ideas. They look particularly beautiful in bowls and pots made of clay, terracotta or zinc. Since they are usually small and very varied, you can create a varied collection. On a shelf or a flower staircase they look like an art exhibition and invite you to look at patterns and shades of color. Sexy effects are also created when planting species with different growths in a single vessel. The choice becomes especially varied if you look around at the non hardy succulents like Echeveria, Aloe or Kalanchoe. They are usually offered as houseplants, but spend the summer outside in a sunny place. Hardy species such as house root, stonecrop and others find their place in rockeries and dry stone walls. They are also good for troughs and other planters that stay outdoors in winter.
Two beauties that complement each other well: While the rosette thick-leaf strives upward, the Echeveria forms a flat cushion. Even if new rosettes sprout, they can stay in the same container for a long time
Their modesty makes it possible to pull succulents in the smallest vessels. They are particularly beautiful in unusual planters such as old shoes or planted on old tiles, to advantage. Always use permeable soil as substrate, suitable is cactus soil or potting soil mixed with sand. Succulents need a very good water extraction, because they can not tolerate damming water at all. Drain holes in the planters are therefore essential. In addition, fill in a high layer of pebbles or a drainage layer of expanded clay.
A gravel cover on the potting soil prevents the rosettes from resting and prevents decay. In order to achieve a natural character, you also put some larger pebbles between the plants when planting. You can find such stones on the banks of the river or simply buy them in the building materials trade. Sunny places in the garden, on the terrace and balcony or sunny room windows are ideal for the pachyderms.
Like a woven rug, purple rosette 'Tip Top' rose petals and the turquoise Echeveria cover the flat shell. A thin layer of earth suffices for prosperity
Dry phases are no problem for the survivors. Unlike many other plants, succulents do not go limp even in hot places, because their fleshy leaves and stems store water and evaporate only little moisture. Succulent planted outdoor vessels need not be watered except in very long periods of drought. Plants in rain-protected places and in the room are only watered again when the soil is well dried. Dryness damages plants far less than constantly wet soil. Fertilization is maximum every three to four weeks in a very weak dose. Give half of the amount of liquid fertilizer indicated on the package or use a cactus fertilizer.
Shabby Chic - with succulents the style succeeds particularly well. Place echeveria, aloe, prickly pear and fat hen in terracotta and clay pots and arrange in and around old drawers
Most succulent plants are easy to propagate, for example, with a leaf rosette, which is placed in sandy soil. But also sprouts and even single leaves - plugged with the leaf approach in propagation substrate - drive roots quickly. Often the first rootlets appear on the mother plant and the offshoots grow very fast. The best time to care for offspring is from spring to summer. Wet interfaces are allowed to dry for two to three days. Moisten the soil only lightly and set the propagating vessels shady.
In winter, succulents tend to appreciate cool but bright locations, such as the south window. House root (Sempervivum) and stonecrop (Sedum) are frost hardy and stay in the garden even in winter. Keep the planters protected and protected from rain, so that the moisture-sensitive plants do not rot. In the garden, a very permeable ground is important so that the soil does not wet.Winter wetness damages succulents more than low temperatures.