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Succulents are plants that have "learned" in the course of evolution to store water, the vital juice, in their leaves, stems or roots. Hence her name, because "succulent" means "juicy". The most famous representatives of this large genus are cacti. This overview is only about the most popular types of succulents.
Colorful world of succulents
Among the succulents many well-known gardeners and horticulturists can be found. When taking care of these plants, it should be noted that they are generally heat-loving and can survive dry periods well. Succulents usually tolerate a lot of sun, houseplants feel well when they are allowed to go outside in spring and summer. Otherwise cacti and other succulents belong to the rather undemanding frugal plants.
Popular succulent species: A to E
Acanthocalycium violaceum, also called Dornenkelch and Stachelkelch, is a popular cactus plant. The spherical or columnar-shaped cactus is about 20 cm high and is ideal for room keeping. In winter the Stachelkelch needs temperatures of about 10° C, the whole year a sunny location is preferred.
agave - a long-lived plant, hence called century plant. Originally Agave comes from South American deserts, so the plant is on the one hand warmth-loving and on the other hand extremely robust. Agaves grow to about 60 cm high and up to 1.5 m wide. Some varieties are hardy, the others prefer to spend the winter in a bright, unheated conservatory. A peculiarity of the plant: it only blooms once in its long life!
Aichryson - a small plant (rarely more than 30 cm) is still called after its appearance "mouse tube". Aichryson flowers with fine yellow flowers, there are both annual as well as perennial (perennial) varieties. The mouse tube is completely satisfied with the location in the sun or partial shade, at temperatures below +15° C Aichryson feels uncomfortable.
Aloe vera - one of the most famous medicinal plants, also known as the "lily of the desert". There are about 200 aloe species, which can be up to 20 m high. Aloe vera needs a lot of heat, it can be used as a container plant, for wintering the plant must be brought into the house. Tip: The bathroom is not a good location for the plant, because it does not tolerate high humidity!
Aporokaktus, also known as whip cactus, as well as snake cactus, is one of the most beautiful and popular cactus plants. Its shoots are up to 1.5 m long, carmine-red flowers look effective. The optimal location is sunny, wind and rain protected. This cactus looks good as a traffic light plant.
Echeveria, the rosette plant belong to the widespread easy-care indoor plants. There are more than 100 varieties and breeding forms of this pretty flowering plant with thick leaves known. Echeveria like it bright and even in winter not below 10° C.
echinocereus, also called hedgehog cactus and pygmy cactus. This cactus plant, which often lives in large colonies, forms several columnar shoots with long fingerprints and thrills with a splendid blossom. The hedgehog cactus exists in several varieties, some of which are winter hardy succulents (including Echinocereus viridiflorus), others prefer a bright and cool location in winter.
Epiphyllum, the leaf cactus, is known in numerous hybrid forms. The leaf-shaped shoots can be up to 60 cm long, these cactus plants are popular thanks to the lush flowering. Epiphyllum thrive in a bright location, but without direct sunlight, for optimal growth, the leaf cactus need moist air. Epiphyls are typical indoor plants.
Popular succulent species: G to O
gasteria stands out for its two-tone white-green leaves. The plant is only up to about 20 cm tall and is cultivated as a houseplant. This succulent plant does not like direct sunlight and needs warm dry air in summer and a cool location with temperatures of about 15° C in winter.
Gymnocalycium, magnificently flowering mostly spherical cactus plants. A highlight is the unusual red Gymnacalycium michanovicii var. Friedrichii. Like most cacti, this plant prefers a bright location and warmth. Hibernation in a cool conservatory strengthens the plant.
Kalanchoe blossfeldiana is also known under the name "Flammendes Käthchen". The plant needs a bright location, in summer preferably outdoors. Direct midday sun can harm the Kalanchoe. The undemanding plant will delight with proper care from April to June with colorful colors. Tip: The species Kalanchoe pinnata, the so-called Goethe plant, is an attraction for children, because in the indentations of the leaves are often breeding buds - new small Kalanchoe plants.
Opuntia, also called prickly pear, is a species-rich genus of cactus plants.Some varieties grow up to a stately 5 m. Opuntia are not only suitable for use as indoor plants, but also for the garden. The winter hardy opuntias include e.g. Opuntia engelmanii, Opuntia ficus indica or Opuntia tortispina, which can withstand a strong frost undamaged. Tip: Glochidia - Barbed thorns that are hard to see turn Opuntia into defensive plants. Never touch with bare hands!
Popular succulent species: R to S
Rhipsalia, also known as Binsenkaktus or coral cactus, acts apart thanks to the thin elongated members of the sprout. The Binsenkaktus thrives in partial shade, this cactus requires a high humidity. Phipsalia can be used as a traffic light plant.
Sansevieria, otherwise called sheet hemp or bayonet plant. The sword-shaped green-black leaves are up to 1 m long. Sansevieria is one of the most easy-care indoor plants, which likes warm temperatures year-round, there is no conservatory needed. Tip: Do not pour too much and ensure drainage in the flower pot! Otherwise the bow hemp can die off.
Schlumbergera, or the Christmas cactus, belongs to the leaf cactus, deserves an extra entry because of its popularity. The Schlumbergera flowers from November to January, but can also form buds and flowers in summer. This cactus is undemanding, needs a lot of heat, but no blazing sun. There are numerous breeding forms with pink, red, yellow or blue flowers offered. Tip: Schlumbergera feels particularly comfortable in the immediate vicinity of a radiator. Do not place the pot directly on the heater!
Stapelia grandiflora is called because of the unpleasant smell of their flowers carrion plant. The star-shaped flowers may have a diameter of over 30 cm in some species. This succulent is a houseplant, the air temperatures must not fall below 15° C. In a sunny spot, the Stapelia thrives best.
Frequently asked questions
- Is clay granulate suitable for the care of succulents? - Yes, cacti and other succulents feel in clay granules i.d.R. well.
- Which fertilizers need succulents? - There are several succulent fertilizers on the market. Since plants form water reserves, fertilization should only take place about every two weeks.
Other popular succulent species are the hyacinths. These early bloomers can be found in the gardens in many different colors. They are planted in the ground in autumn, before the first frost. They are frost germs, so they only shoot when the tuber is in the frozen soil in winter.
Aloe plants are also among the succulents. These plants are so popular because the fleshy leaves secrete a juice that can be used directly for personal care. Especially with insect bites and burns aloe can work very well. The aloe is placed in warm, moist and bright locations.
- By far the largest number of succulents are the cacti. Especially the cacti are popular types of succulents.
- Starting with green cacti without flowers, there are numerous varieties that form beautiful colorful flowers.
- Particularly popular types of succulents among the cacti are the Opuntia, the Ball Cactus, the Queen of the Night, and the mother-in-law's seat.