Sugar peas - cultivation and care of mangetouts

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Sugar peas - cultivation and care of mangetouts: sugar

Sugar peas belong to the genus of the butterfly blooms and to the family of legumes. They are climbing planks. In Germany, they are still very popular as vegetables and are grown in many local gardens. Freshly harvested they have a wonderful taste and high nutritional value.

The seed

The seeds can be bought in the garden market and gardener, as well as ordered over the Internet. Which variety meet their own requirements can be found in the garden catalog or recommended by a specialist retailer.
In the meantime, sugar peas for cultivation on the balcony and the terrace are also offered in the garden center market as pot holding.

The site

The cultivation of sugar peas and Co. has a positive effect on the garden soil, as they enrich it with nitrogen. However, they do not like high humidity, but without water, flowers and herbal grains can not form. A sunny location is ideal.
In moderate weather conditions and lots of light can always be expected with a good yield.

The soil claims

Sugar peas love a compost-rich and profoundly dug up soil. The water must be able to drain well. The soil at the time of sowing should not be freshly fertilized with manure. But very good are gifts of wood ash (potash fertilizer). The seed needs a warm soil for a good start.

The sowing

The sowing begins with the preparation of the soil. To ensure that the roots of the plants can be supplied with sufficient oxygen, the soil is first digested about 25 cm deep. The structure of the soil must be loose and feinkrümelig.

Peas - Pisum sativum

Since sugar peas are sensitive to cold, sowing should start only in mid-April. The optimum germination temperature is 18 degrees. For faster germination, the seed, which must not be older than three years, may swell for one day in water.
The pea grains can be put into the soil in two ways: in groups, at a distance of 30 cm, the so-called "clumps", or from 4 or 5 pea grains, or placed in a row three to five centimeters apart. Then gently press the soil and water.
So that fresh sugar peas can be harvested until late summer, a two-week reseeding is recommended until the beginning of July.
Peas are placed relatively low, otherwise they are eaten by birds or the germs are plucked out. Small rodents are also very happy to use, so stuck around the plants cut holly branches in the Saatrillen. If you have a lot of trouble with sparrows, you can pre-cultivate the peas in pots or cover the bed with a fleece.
Once the young plants are 10 cm high, they are pitted to increase the stability.

The fertilization

If the beds are prepared with compost, during the growing season additional fertilization is unnecessary, as well as other plant protection measures. Sugar peas are undemanding vegetables.

The trellis help

Sugar peas are very easy to climb and need a trellis aid. Low, up to 40 cm high varieties, do not need a climbing aid. As a trellis help, in the soil mated, richly branched branches are suitable as supporting rice very well. A wire mesh or wire cords stretched along the rows of posts are also ideal.

The care

During the growth phase and during flowering, the pea plants are well watered at regular intervals. The leaves should not be wetted.
So that weeds have no chance and does not hinder the young plants in their development, the bed is always hacked and weeded.
Young plants, which have already grown to a height of 10 cm, are heaped on. Here, a five cm high earth wall is formed around the plants.

The harvest

The plants bloom between May and June, the first harvestable peas are obtained three to four months after sowing, ie around August.
The sugar peas can be harvested when the peas are inside the pod
You can pull the seed for the next year by yourself and without much effort. Some pea pods should therefore be left on the plant until the end of the harvest period. When the peas have dried and the covers turn brown, they are removed and stored dry until the next year.
After harvesting, the plants are not simply disposed of, but cut off just above the ground. The root system should stay in the ground. It contributes to a good and sufficient nitrogen supply of the soil.

The usage

The sugar peas must be consumed or processed immediately after harvest. They take on a bitter taste when stored too long.
The sweet and fresh sugar peas may either be eaten raw, e.g. fry in salads, or as a vegetable of the pan and season with a little salt.After blanching, they are also suitable for freezing.

Good tips

The pea plant is relatively susceptible to mildew, but with some tricks it can be easily saved from it. The row spacing must be strictly adhered to, on the other hand, the plants may not be in a sheltered place, but rather airy, to be grown. As a good mixed culture, kohlrabi, lettuce, chard and radish offer, as these are also grown very early. For the following year should be strictly adhered to: Peas do not grow on peas. A recommendation on how long an area should rest indicates between two and three years.

Peas - Pisum sativum

Sugar peas can be combined with carrots as a vegetable side dish. A special delicacy and typical sugar peas dish is the Leipziger Allerlei.

Sow peas deeply

The cotyledons of the pea unfold below the surface of the earth, so the seeds should be about 5 cm deep into the soil. In addition, they are sown quite tight, with 5 cm spacing in the row.

Peas in all floors

High pea-sized tendrils grow up to 2 m high, medium high usually 60-80 cm high. The low, 40 cm high varieties need no support. But even some of the larger varieties need no special support, as the plants with strong tendrils support each other. Information about this is in each case the seed pack. The low varieties can also be grown in planters.

The art of supporting

Peas climb with tendrils and can even be pulled up to a scaffold on the wall or at the fence. In the bed you can let it grow on thin bamboo sticks. Even better suited to the soil mated, richly branched branches as supporting rice. Another good solution is wire mesh stretched along the rows of posts. The cultivation has proven itself in double rows. Sow two rows at a distance of 25 cm. In between is stretched along the wire mesh or put the stick. With these aids the plants of both rows can grow up. The next double row follows in 40 - 50 cm distance. When the stems are 10 cm high, also plant the plants on the stalk base, including low and self-supporting varieties.
  • Lift at the pruning or z. B. on breaking off the lawn resulting branches. They are well suited as natural supports for peas.
  • Stick the branches 25 to 30 cm apart about 5 cm next to the plants. Between tight double rows you put them diagonally inwards so that they cross each other.
  • Lead the young shoots to the Reiser, then they will soon be raised themselves. Without support, the shoots of non-self-supporting varieties would grow on the ground.

variety recommendation

  • Carouby de Maussane, delicate pods & Grains, high growing
  • Edula; sweet grain, especially for fresh consumption, half height
  • Dehéve, early, productive, high-growing

Extra tip: Warm ground for a good start

In England and France in particular, gardeners once used large glass bells called cloches to protect delicate plants. You can sometimes find them in our specialist shops. If you place them before sowing, you can heat the soil for early seed of peas and beans.

Video Board: Sugar Snap Peas - Pretty Easy to Grow.

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