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Sustainable building - a guide to practiceSustainability is on everyone's lips today, so to speak. On so many occasions, there is talk of the importance of sustainability.
Sustainable building means that we have to realize our house-space in an ecological and resource-oriented way.
Sustainability regarding building materials
Sustainable construction already starts with construction planning, because anyone who forgets the principles of sustainability in this context will, sooner or later, not be able to implement his project ecologically.
Already at the construction site, the concept of sustainability starts. Space-saving building is in the center, in order not to induce unnecessary destruction of nature to the building purpose.
In addition, great care should be taken when selecting building materials. In fact, according to the principles of sustainable construction, the materials used must not only come from nature, be there in large quantities and always regrow, but in the event of a house demolition
degrade ecologically. Plastic products, as advanced as the technology in this area is today, have accordingly no room in a house building, which strives for sustainability.
However, the profit of the building materials is also
significant. Given the sociocultural aspects, products should be fair trade and their degradation should not destroy habitats. The transport routes are also central, because in terms of energy consumption reduction, only short traffic routes and thus preferably products from the immediate vicinity are considered for sustainable construction.
Energy-saving construction measures for the purpose of sustainability
Overall, sustainable construction means that the entire construction process must be as energy-reduced as possible. At the same time, however, sustainability means that energy consumption must not exceed certain levels during domestic use, which also applies to pollutant emissions. Excellent thermal insulation measures are thus becoming the focus. These are paired with heating systems that draw their resources from renewable energies. The utilization of rainwater through cisterns also accommodates this idea.
Against this background, zero or plus energy houses can thus be described as the innermost concept of sustainable construction, but only insofar as the ecological factor has been sufficiently taken into account during the construction itself and when using the building materials.