Tamarisk, summer tamarisk - location, planting and care


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The white-pink flowering tamarisk trumps everywhere where other ornamental shrubs suffer botanical shipwreck. In the wind-swept coastal climate, the majestic large shrub unfolds its beauty as impressively as in the meager soil of dry gravel and heather gardens. The summer tamarisk stands out as a solitaire, as well as a decorative part of a colorful mixed hedge. In the cold season, the frost-hard ornamental wood adopted after a bright yellow autumn spectacle. Get to know all relevant aspects of location, plants and care here.
Characteristics

  • Plant genus Tamarisk (Tamarix)
  • Name of the species: Summer tamarisk (Tamarix africana)
  • It is native to the Mediterranean, Asia and North Africa
  • Summer green big shrub or small tree
  • Growth height 2-6 meters
  • White to white-pink inflorescences
  • Flowering period from May to August / September
  • Small capsule fruits in autumn over yellow-colored foliage
  • Further name: African tamarisk
In the coastal areas, tamarisk trees are specifically grown as windscreens. Inland, they serve mainly as ornamental plants for beds and tubs.
Location and soil condition
In terms of location, the summer tamarisk scores with good-natured adaptability. Its dense flowering flora combined with a lush branching develops the ornamental plant proportionally to the amount of light that is available to her. An exemplary location should be as follows:
  • sunny to partially shaded location
  • Morning heat in the summer is not a problem
  • normal garden soil to sandy-dry soil
  • calcareous to slightly acidic
While a tamarisk accepts short-term flooding without complaint, a permanent soil compaction should not be expected. In particularly heavy soil is thus a loosening by sand or other soil additives recommended.
Plants in the bed
On two dates per year is planting time for the African tamarisk. In early spring, when the soil is no longer frozen and in autumn. If you wish a flower in the year of planting, there is a good chance of it being planted in the ground in spring. The decided process of a plantation is as follows:
  1. Soak the still potted seedling in a jar of water until no more air bubbles rise.
  2. Meanwhile, carefully weed the area and loosen the soil thoroughly.
  3. Dig a plant pit with twice the volume of the root ball.
  4. If compost or manure are at hand, the excavation is enriched.
  5. Tear the summer tamaris, plant and water abundantly.
In the solitary position, the flowering wood is particularly good effect. If an arrangement is intended as a hedge or group, the planting distance is at least 150 cm. Tip: If the shoots are shortened by one third after planting, this plant cut will be conducive to growing and will motivate a rich branching.
Plants in the tub
Its stylish silhouette with its elegantly curved branches also qualifies the African tamarisk as a representative container plant for the balcony and terrace. The recommended substrate is commercially available container potting soil enriched with a few handfuls of sand or perlite. The planting itself is similar to the insertion into the bed. In addition, drainage should be applied to the bottom of the bucket above the drain to protect against harmful waterlogging. So that this drainage is not blocked by substrate crumbs, it is covered with a water- and air-permeable weed or garden fleece. In addition, you should not miss to release a 5-centimeter high pouring rim.
Pouring and fertilizing
The tamarisk retains its elegant appearance even if it is not poured regularly in the summer. Thanks to its drought resistance, it is therefore the ideal ornamental wood for gardeners who are not available to their green kingdom on a tightly cemented timetable. During the other seasons, the normal rainfall meets the water needs of the plant. The central aspects of care in detail:
  • pour moderately during summer drought
  • Give the water directly to the roots
  • Water on hot days in the early morning or late evening
  • fertilize is not required
In the bucket, a summer tamarisk should be regularly supplied with water, given the tight substrate volume. While she reaches the groundwater in the bed as a deep root, this path in the planter remains denied her. To what extent the ornamental wood requires an additional nutrient supply, you recognize the occurrence of deficiency symptoms. Show pale, yellowish leaves on the branches, signals the plant fertilizer needs that you should comply with liquid fertilizer for flowering plants.
To cut
When it comes to pruning, the summer tamarisk stays true to its flexible attitude and leaves it to your individual decision whether to cut it or not. If you are doing a shape and maintenance cut, do the following:
  • The ideal time is a dry, frost-free day in early spring
  • clear all deadwood, including stunted shoots
  • on young plants, cut all twigs by half
  • cut adult specimens into shape, but not to the old wood
  • pay attention to an oblique cut, set just above a bud
Creative hobby gardeners like to raise the flowering shrub to a small tree. In order to achieve this goal, repeated pasting is required. During the period from October to March, cut off the lower side branches until the desired crown is formed. Ideally, during this phase, guide the main shoot to a support post until it has become a stable trunk. If this trunk has reached the desired height, let it grow another 15-20 centimeters and then cap it. Below this section, the skeleton of the crown forms in the following period. A repeated pruning lures here a lush branching that you create according to your personal ideas. Tip: The summer tamarisk is ideal for cultivation as a bonsai for the outdoor area.
multiply
The pruning in the spring provides a wealth of valuable material for the propagation of cuttings. Perfectly suitable 15 centimeters long, half lignified branches. These are half defoliated and placed in small pots with nutrient-poor substrate. In the sheltered, partially shaded garden square, they quickly root while keeping them constantly moist. By autumn, the cuttings have been transformed into a vital young plant with its own root system and are planted out.
Conclusion of the editorship
A garden in a wind-exposed location with dry, sandy soil, does not have to renounce summery flowers. The tamarisk thrives even along stormy coastline easily in the dune area. Thus, the winter hardy ornamental wood is also recommended as a representative decoration in less windy heath and gravel gardens. The sunnier the location, the denser the flowering foliage along the elegantly curved branches. The nursing claims are limited to a little water in summer drought. Only the plants are fertilized, so that the summer tamarisk is well established. To what extent you want to cut the large shrub into shape or educate to the small tree, is left to your individual decision.
Worth knowing about tamarisk in short
Of the many tamarisk species, it is mainly the small-flowered tamarisk or spring tamarisk (Tamarix parviflora), which is found here in the gardens. It grows in shrub or tree form and grows up to six meters high. The tamarisk flowers from May to June with many small pink flowers that form on the overhanging branches and are therefore a beautiful eye-catcher. These flowers always form on the wood of the previous year and are flown by many insects. The tamarisk comes from the Mediterranean, but is still hardy and therefore comes out without winter protection. It is also suitable for gardens near the coast because it has no problem with wind and salt.
Location and plants
  • The tamarisk is quite undemanding and grows on any normal garden soil.
  • However, it should get as sunny a spot as possible, so that many flowers form.
  • It is best planted in early spring as soon as the soil is frost-free.
  • In the growing season, the tamarisk must be watered regularly.
  • Later, however, it also tolerates longer dry periods without any problems.
Cutting tamisks
  • A tamarisk, which gradually becomes too large, can be shortened immediately after flowering.
  • A clearing to close-standing branches, however, is possible at any time.
  • A tree, which is basically supposed to stay small, is best shortened once a year.
  • A cut in the old wood tolerates the tamarisk usually poorly.
  • With this cut, the branches in the middle of the crown should stay slightly longer than those in the outer area.
  • In order to raise a tamarisk to a tree, the shoots are removed from the trunk year after year from bottom to top.
  • This happens until the desired trunk height is reached.
Occasionally there are some varieties of summer tamarisk in the trade, which bloom from midsummer to autumn. If necessary, these trees should be cut already in early spring, because unlike the spring tamarisk, the summer tamarisk trees are always blooming on the new wood.
Multiply tamarisk
  • The tamarisk can be propagated by cuttings or by seeds.
  • In order to multiply a tamarisk from cuttings, slightly longer shoots of 20 to 30 cm are cut off after the leaf is dropped.
  • These cuttings can either be planted directly to the desired location in the garden.
  • Or you prefer them first in pots, to plant them later.
  • In the latter case, the pots should be in a cold but frost-free room, where the soil is kept slightly moist.
  • When propagated by seeds, the seeds of a tree are collected and seeded in pots with potting soil in spring.

Video Board: Tamarix Bonsai Tree Care.

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