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The three-masted flower is a great eye catcher on the bed or in front of the window with its beautiful, three-part flowers and the pointed leaves. She has only a few claims and forgives it, even if they are not met immediately. The Tradescantia is therefore an easy-care plant that can thrive in many locations. However, their long flowering and lush growth can only be admired if choice and fundamentals are right.
With about 80 to 90 species, the Tradescantia shows a variety of properties. Despite their many similarities, they differ fundamentally in their suitability for indoor and outdoor use. Thus, evergreen varieties, such as the Tradescantia fluminensis and Tradescantia sillamontana. Both are suitable for a year round culture in the room and form long, hanging shoots. Therefore, they mainly give off decorative traffic light plants. Winter-hardy species, such as the Tradescantia x andersoniana, also known as the garden radix, are more suitable for beds or large tubs due to their fast and high growth. In the selection of the plant should therefore be paid exactly to the respective suitability, so it does not remain beautiful in the open air in a few months or the plant in the pot overreach.
The location for the three-masted flower should be sunny. Even the blazing midday sun in mid-summer does not really bother the Tradescantia - if it gets enough water. However, the plant also tolerates a shade. Wind or rain, a cold place or a corner where the heat jams - here the three-masted flower is not picky. Tip: Species with colorful or patterned leaves lose their appearance if they are too shady.
- As a substrate for the three-masted flower is humus rich, permeable and nutrient-rich soil.
- Loosely garden soil, enriched with mature compost, is well suited to culture.
- Tending to compact soil should be loosened up with appropriate additives, such as sand, gravel or coconut fiber.
- In tradeskantien held as a houseplant commercial potting soil is sufficient.
- An admixture of coconut fibers does not hurt here either.
The winter hardy Tradescantia can be planted either in spring or autumn outdoors. The dates are March and end of September or beginning of October. The perennial is simply used and poured. The distance between the individual perennials should be 30 cm. If the three-masted flower initially receives regular and abundant water after planting, it quickly forms roots.
The three-masted flower is prone to rapid, nationwide growth. The distances between the plants therefore close in no time. Although this is nice to look at in the garden, the spread can become a nuisance in the long run. It therefore makes sense to think ahead when planting. Used stone slabs, borders of plastic or root barriers prevent a wild rampage. Of course, this is not a problem in the Tradescantia in pots and pots anyway.
Culture in pot and tub
As mentioned earlier, not all three-masted flowers are hardy. And therefore not always suitable for outdoor culture. A stay in the garden is indeed possible during the summer in all species, with sinking temperatures include the non-hardy perennials but inside. For this reason, the culture in pot or bucket is the better choice.
The Garden Tent Cantina needs plenty of water in the first four to five weeks after planting, after which it becomes as frugal as its relatives. The substrate may therefore dry superficially between the waterings. In the open air, rain is often enough for irrigation. So you only need to reach for the watering can during prolonged periods of drought. The three-masted flowers in the room are usually sufficient to water each or every other week. In this case, soft water or rain water is preferable, but the plant is not too sensitive to lime. Tip: With the Garden Tent Cantier or Tradescantia x andersoniana, a thick layer of mulch can be applied to the substrate as protection against evaporation.
When fertilizing the three-master flowers differ again depending on their location. Indoor plants are supplied with a liquid fertilizer every two weeks between March and September. The tradescantia in the garden only needs a fertilizer supply between March and April, when the sprouting begins. Suitable is mature compost that is worked a little underground. However, a commercially available fertilizer for flowering plants is also suitable.
The three-masted flower in the room does not need a blend, but tolerates it throughout the year. It is therefore possible to bring the shoots to a length or even cut into shape.Only too radical may not be used - more than a third of the respective length should not be cut off. The Garden Tent Cantina, on the other hand, requires more frequent blending. This is necessary for a longer flowering alone. If the withered flowers along with stems are cut off or pulled off, the three-masted flower quickly forms new ones. On the other hand, radical waste is only needed once a year. If it pulls the plant back into the root in late autumn, the leaves wither and can be cut off to a hand's breadth above the ground.
The wintering of the three-masted flowers is easy in any case. Both in the room and in the garden it remains in place, only the fertilizer is set. Further protection is not necessary.
The three-masted flower is very easy to multiply. The species for the garden are dug up in the spring and their roots are cut as centrally as possible. The resulting halves are planted individually at the desired location and in turn increasingly cast. The Tradescantia suitable as houseplants are propagated via head cuttings, which can be cut all year long in a length of 10 to 15 cm. Potted in potting soil, they are poured, placed in a light and warm location. If the place for the mother plant has proven itself, the young shoots will prosper well here.
Diseases, pests and care mistakes
In the three-master flower in the garden, pests and diseases are extremely rare. The same applies to the Tradeskantien in the room. Decay and aphids may occur. Decay breaks out when the plant is kept too wet, especially in winter. The best prevention is in proper casting. Once broken, a change of substrate and the removal of the affected areas can still save the plant. In case of an attack with aphids usually already a mechanical removal, so the showering of the leaves. Outdoor ladybugs can also be used. Plant protection products should be the last solution.
Frequently asked questions
- Is the three-master flower poisonous? - The three-moth flower is only slightly toxic and therefore largely harmless. Nevertheless, small children and pets should not have unattended access.
- Why are the three-master flower leaves losing their pattern? - Multi-colored or patterned three-masted flowers need a warm and bright location. If they are cold or dark, the leaves grow green.
The three-masted flower comes from the family Colleminagewächse. Their other name is Tradescantia and means God's eyes. The Tradescantia belongs in addition to the type of monocotyledonous plants. You can easily cultivate the Tradescantia in the room.
- The beautifully colored flower sometimes tolerates sun-poor locations.
- The three-masted flower is a perennial flowering herb.
- It has narrow, gentle stems and has narrow leaves pointing upwards.
- At the base, the leaves are reminiscent of a small, long shell.
- The leaves are deep green and their structure is long-dashed.
- The Tradescantia is a particularly dense and bushy growing plant, which likes to have a location in the garden.
- She prefers the edge of waters, such as ponds and streams.
- She particularly likes to grow in partial shade with not too much sun intensity.
- From May to late summer / early autumn, it bears many, recurring flowers.
- The three-masted flower is a long-lived and tough flower.
- The flower loves to be watered regularly. On waterlogging should be respected.
- The Tradescantia thrives without great claims. The soil must contain only few nutrients and fertilization is thus superfluous.