Planting and cultivating Thuja - That's how it's done

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Thuja has long been one of the most popular hedge plants because it is so easy to care for. Read here how to properly plant and care for Thuja.

Thuja as opaque hedge

The advantage of a Thuja hedge can be described not only by its easy care, but also by an opaque growth and a year-round, evergreen needle dress. Which is why the thuja plant is one of the most popular hedge plants in Europe and can be found everywhere.

Well-known thuja varieties

Thuja plants can easily grow up to 6 meters tall, are frost hardy and tolerate a regular pruning. Which allows all thuja varieties to be brought into shape. Thuja plants can even be cut into balls or figures - similar to boxwood trees. Thuja varieties known in our gardens include:

  • Thuja Columna - narrow pillar shape
  • Thuja emerald - intense color scheme (<= best-selling & most popular variety)
  • Thuja Brabant - fast-growing
  • Thuja Plicata - shiny color scheme
  • Thuja Occidentalis - also available in yellow
  • Thuja Orientalis - some subspecies are offered here as dwarf thuja
  • Thuja Standishii - flowers in March and forms cones
  • Thuja Koraiensis - low growing, also suitable for the shade


You can buy small thuja plants quite inexpensively in the garden shop market. Especially since they can grow on average about 20 to 30 centimeters per year.

Plant thuja

Plant thuja

Thuja's should be planted either in early spring (March / April) or in late summer (August / September). It is important to note that when planting the hedge, keep a distance of about 40 centimeters, as the Thuja's branch into each other over the years. Thuja's you can also plant free standing.

For planting, you have to dig out the soil - depending on the size of the plant - about 40 to 60 centimeters. Then fill the excavation with a little bit of peat and water again. Enrich the soil of the excavation with fresh compost, then this guarantees a good growth of the plants.

Then you can use the plants with bales in the excavation and fill up with the enriched soil - this good start. The freshly planted plants should be watered at the end.


In the first days and weeks you have to keep a thuja plant constantly moist. If it does not rain, so you should help with irrigation water.

Cultivate thuja

" To water:

Cultivate thuja

Thuja's, like all other plants, must be watered on hot days and during longer periods of drought so they do not turn brown.


From a certain height (and even if thuja is brown) you should perform a pruning every year. Ideally, you should do this cut in early autumn because some animals use Thuja as a breeding ground in the spring. And then they need again in late autumn as a wintering place.


Thuja's usually do not need to be fertilized. Only the little dwarf Thuja's tolerate a little full fertilizer every now and then.


Various garden waste (such as freshly mown lawn, leaves, etc.) can be distributed in the autumn under the Thuja hedge. During rotting, the waste then releases valuable nutrients.

Video Board: How to grow Emerald Arborvitae (Thuja occidentalis 'Smaragd') with detailed description.

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