The Content Of The Article:
- What happens with a tick bite?
- Symptoms of Lyme Disease
- Symptoms of tick-borne encephalitis
- Protection against TBE
- Worth knowing about tick bites soon
Many people are allergic to tick bites. There are many symptoms that should alert the person concerned.
What happens with a tick bite?The tick sticks its mouthpiece into the skin of the victim, then with a Stechrüssel suck the blood. Once a tick has been found on the skin, it should be removed as much as possible, as prolonged contact increases the likelihood of disease transmission. With tweezers, carefully remove the tick from the skin. If the mouth tool gets stuck, there is nothing to worry about, this is usually repelled by itself over time.
Symptoms of Lyme DiseaseLyme disease is caused by the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi triggered. In principle, this bacterium can infect any organ of the infected, but the joints and neuronal system are the most affected. These bacteria are transmitted by ticks, more precisely by the tick called common woodblock. This is the most common species occurring in Central Europe.
In general, the disease of borreliosis runs in three stages. Caution is advised for the following symptoms:
- Initial reddish to blue-reddish circular skin at the site of the tick bite - may also be absent
- Wandering red: the red spot increases and fades in the middle, creating a reddish ring; the discoloration can disappear by itself (which does not mean healing!)
- Sometimes the so-called borreliosis flu occurs (10-14 days after the tick bite): fever, tiredness, conjunctivitis, swollen lymph nodes, muscle and joint pain, cough, runny nose, intestinal problems
- continue Lyme disease flu
- uncontrolled sweats
- painful nerve inflammation on the face
- strong headache
- Disruption of vision and sense of touch
Lyme disease is not transferable. However, both animals and humans can get sick, pets can bring the ticks into the house. Therefore, caution is required. Lyme disease is a notifiable disease in Germany.
Symptoms of tick-borne encephalitisAlso, the TBE is transmitted from the common wood block. It is a disease caused by the TBE virus. Not all infected people are affected by the following symptoms:
- Flu-like symptoms: headache, body aches, fever, fatigue
- Decline of symptoms after a short time, improvement of health
- a few days later: return of discomfort to a greater extent, higher fever, neck pain, meningitis and encephalitis (meningoencephalitis), spinal inflammation, nausea, impaired consciousness, seizures, paralysis, sensitivity to light and sound
There is no specific drug treatment against the tick-borne encephalitis. Most pain is alleviated with painkillers and the nervous system is rehabilitated with rehabilitation measures. The FSME is also notifiable.
Protection against TBEThe best way to protect against FSME is by vaccination. Unfortunately, there is only one vaccine against the tick-borne encephalitis, but not against Lyme disease. This is a bit disappointing because Lyme disease occurs about 500 times more frequently. In order to be able to protect yourself from it more or less, you should go out in the open in summer in the summer as possible, high boots, long pants and covered arms can prevent a tick bite.
Worth knowing about tick bites soon
The tick stings in its victims; but unlike other stinging insects one notices neither the tick bite nor the sucking of the tick. Unlike mosquitoes, for example, there is no itchy swelling. There are no allergic reactions such as bee or wasp stings. Ticks bore unnoticed in thin skin areas (popliteal fossa, head, neck or arms). Because of their size and weight, people also do not feel that they are moving on the skin in order to get to a suitable place.
At a tick bite, you will notice much later that you were stung. Mostly while showering or combing in the evening or next morning. This is mainly because the saliva of the tick has an anesthetic that stuns the bite wound.The animal itself will also attract attention. This narcotic is very important, especially since the trunk of the tick is many times larger and longer than the trunk of other biting insects. To stay unnoticed for as long as possible, the tick needs this protection.
A tick, which has only just bitten into the host, is small (about ¼ of a match head), has a black head and a reddish-brown abdomen. This swells and turns bright red as soon as the tick fills with blood. Despite its small size, a tick needs a lot of blood - it can absorb up to 200 times its own body weight of blood.
The fact that the saliva stuns the bite site contributes significantly to the danger of the tick. Saliva also has the task of preventing blood clotting and disinfecting the bite site and preventing inflammation. This does not happen in favor of the host; the longer the bite goes unnoticed, the longer the tick can live on the host. The fact that you feel no pain through the bite, the tick does not feel on the body and also receives no inflammation from the tick bite, the tick ensures survival.