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The Roman chamomile or chamomile camomile (Chamaemelum nobile) comes from the Mediterranean, but has been known for centuries in Central Europe as a garden plant. The perennial becomes about 15 inches high and shows its white flowers from June to September. Already Shakespeare had his obese anti-hero Falstaff say about Roman chamomile: "The more she is kicked, the faster she grows." But that's not quite true: The fragrant carpet keeps out occasional entry and sometimes a garden party, but regular football games not.
In addition to the wild species, there is the sterile, flowering variety 'Plena'. It is also firm, but does not grow quite as densely. Particularly tough is the up to ten centimeters high, non-flowering variety 'Treneague'. Fragrance fans can do without the flowers, because even the feathery, yarrow-like leaves spread the typical Kamilleruft. 'Treneague' grows a bit stouter than the flowering relatives and forms a dense carpet faster with its rooting bottom shoots.
The flowering variety 'Plena' is sterile and therefore does not self-seed
In order for the area to close quickly after planting, it is necessary to loosen the soil well and free it from root weeds - use a grave fork to thoroughly sift out the long, yellowish-white root sprouts of the couch grass. Loamy soils should be enriched with plenty of sand, because the Roman chamomile prefers dry and does not tolerate waterlogging. A warm, full sun location is mandatory, so that the camillerase grows nicely dense and stocky. In autumn or spring, one sets at least twelve plants per square meter. You need good irrigation during the growing period in drought and fertilizer in the first two to three years to grow quickly.
Cut Roman chamomile regularly
Trim the plants in the first late summer after planting with a sharp hedge trimmer to promote branching. Only the upright growing branches are shortened, the rooted ground shoots remain uncut. As soon as the perennials are well-grown, a more frequent cut is possible with a highly adjusted lawnmower - but if you cut the flowering varieties before June, you will have to do without the white flowers.
The edge of the surface should be bordered with a stone edge or the stems regularly cut off - otherwise the Roman chamomile spreads over time in the flower beds. Tip: The tucked pieces can be replanted at the places where the lawn is still a bit thin.