Plant Tomatoes - Tips for Gorgeous Growth

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Plant Tomatoes - Tips for Gorgeous Growth: growth

Tomatoes like it warm. They belong to the family Solanaceae, are real sun children and need a lot of warmth to germinate and grow. If you do not want to buy finished seedlings, grow them from early March to early April at 18-20° C on the windowsill or in the greenhouse. For growing in the room, seed trays with cover or heatable miniature greenhouses are favorable. Individually pare the seedlings into small pots as soon as they have developed the first leaves.

Do not plant too early

Warm April weather tempted to plant, but better follow the tradition. Proven planting date is after the icy saints, from mid-May. Pre-harden the plants by placing them outside on a sheltered spot on warm days.
  • Tomatoes can be planted in the soil down to the lower leaf, then additional roots form on the stem base. Plant with 70-80 cm row spacing and 50 cm in row. Bushmats can be a bit tighter.
  • For protection against the cold of young plants, there are the traditional English Cloches or "Victorian Bells" in modern plastic design or simple tomato domes.

Bars and columns

Almost all tomatoes need a support for untying. Well suited spiral rods made of galvanized metal or bamboo sticks, depending on the height of growth 1.5-2m high. When planting, stick it firmly into the ground next to the young tomatoes, and later loosely tie up the growing stems at intervals of 20-30 cm.
  • When you tie three or four sticks together like tent poles, like tent poles, you get a very sturdy construction. In addition, this "teepee" looks pretty, especially when you plant the tomatoes in the ornamental garden.
  • Bushmats Varieties like 'Balkonstar', 'Patio' and 'Tiny Tim' grow low, bushy and compact. You do not need a support. But if the shoots incline to the ground under the weight of the fruit, they should be tied up on short rods.

water supplies

Tomatoes need a lot of water regularly. For even replenishment around the plants, dig in some small flower pots that will fill you with water daily. Through the vent hole, it slowly drips to the roots. You can also cut the bottom of a 2-1 plastic bottle and stick it down the neck as a water reservoir. Fill it up every day.
  • During the growing season of plants and fruits, tomato plants regularly need fertilizer. In this case, dissolved mineral liquid fertilizers have proven successful. Also recommended are nettle and Beinwelljauchen and dissolved in water bovine dung.

Mulching is beneficial

Due to the necessary far planting distances, there is a lot of free ground between tomatoes. Cover them with mulch material such as grass clippings, mowed green manure plants or bark humus, to which a handful of horn shavings are added. The mulch layer can be up to 5 cm thick. So the germination of weeds is suppressed and the evaporation of water is reduced.

Tomatoes in mixed culture

  • Good tomato neighbors are beans, cabbage, leeks, parsley, radishes, celery and onions.
  • Tomatoes thrive badly alongside peas, fennel, cucumbers and beetroot.
  • Plant tagetes next to the tomatoes, this lowers the infestation with the white fly.

Remove scrapers

Check your tomato plants regularly for small side shoots that appear in the leaf axils. When these so-called Geiztriebe develop, the tomato uses much of its power for the formation of shoot and leaf mass and is less fruit. Break these shoots early. This technique is called outlawing.
  • But leave the axillary shoots in bush tomatoes, because fruits are also formed on them.

Herb and brown rot prevention

One of the gardener's worst nightmares are almost mature tomato fruits, which suddenly get large, brown spots. Blame is the cabbage and brown rot caused by a fungus. It may occur earlier on the leaves. However, an infestation of the fruits in late summer is particularly common if the fungus finds optimal conditions in rainy, warm weather.
  • Meanwhile, many gardeners on their tomato foil roofs on high rods as soon as rainy periods occur. Apply such films high enough to allow the air to circulate well.
  • Airborne tomato hoods are mainly pulled over the plants to improve the ripening of the fruit in cold weather. Also, they can provide some protection from the pathogen, but in the worst case, the fungus is favored by the moist, warm microclimate under the hood.
  • When buying seeds or plants, pay attention to the most resistant varieties, such as 'Phantasia' or 'Philovita'.Refined tomato plants, which are increasingly being offered, are quite robust against various diseases.
  • Gardeners used to try more often with two fine copper wires that pierced them crosswise through the bottom of the stem. Although not scientifically proven, it could be that in the plant sap copper dissolves, which protects against the mushrooms. For a long time it was said that tomatoes could easily be grown at the same place each year. Meanwhile, we know that the fungus can survive in the soil for a long time. Change the bed every year.
Never plant potatoes before, after or near tomatoes. The same pathogen causes them to blight and can survive in tubers that remain in the ground.

Special fertilizer for healthy fruits

When the tomatoes start to bloom, you can dissolve 2 tsp. Epsom salt in 51 water and water the plants. Magnesium and sulfur, which are contained in the Epsom salt, promote healthy fruits.

Harvest tomato seeds yourself

Above all, older varieties that you want to get, can be well propagated on self-harvested seeds. In contrast, modern F 1 varieties are not suitable. First, add some water and the pulp of a ripe tomato to a bowl. After a short time, a whitish bacterial film will show up on the surface. Add some more water after about 36 hours and stir. Through fermentation, the seed separates from the pulp and sinks to the bottom. Then sift the porridge, rinse the seeds clean under cold water, and let them dry on kitchen paper.

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