The Content Of The Article:
- What should be considered when sowing and growing
- What about the care of tomato plants?
- Care tips in the summary
- Worth knowing about tomato care
What could be better for a hobby gardener than to harvest the fruits from his own garden and use them proudly in the kitchen. A very popular and tasty method of doing this is to plant tomatoes in your own garden. Here, the hobby gardener does not necessarily resort to the already preferred tomato plants from the hardware store or the garden market, but the cultivation succeeds everyone in their own garden, on the windowsill or in the miniature greenhouse. However, here are some tips and care instructions to consider in order to become a successful tomato grower for their own needs.
What should be considered when sowing and growingAlready in one to two weeks sprout and grow from the small, inconspicuous tomato seeds, delicate little plants. As of mid-March, the seeds can therefore be spread. Here it makes sense to use a bowl that is filled with special seed soil to provide the necessary nutrients. Simply spread the seeds evenly on the soil in the dish and cover with a thin layer of soil. If you want to be on the safe side and like to keep an eye on your pupils, who use special indoor greenhouses, the hobby gardener does not always have to garden and water his tomato plants. A sunny place on the windowsill is ideal to turn off the small greenhouse, because in the first time the seedlings need between 20 degrees and 24 degrees to germinate. The soil should always be kept moist, but waterlogging should be avoided. Now it is time to wait and pour until the little plants have formed about four to five leaflets. Only then can the tender tomato plants be singulated, so be piqued. Each little plant now gets its own pot to continue growing.
Especially suitable here are small plastic pots, which are lightweight and can be transported wonderfully in a box. In the individual pots, the small plants form new roots and are now quickly stronger and more robust. Especially when watering should be taken to ensure that the water is not poured directly over the plants but always at their feet. Before it finally goes into the garden for the small plants, which is about the middle of May, the tomato plants are hardened to prepare them for the climate. For this, the hobby gardener places the plants in a sheltered, sunny spot at around 8 degrees outside during the day and brings them back into the warmth in the evening. Only then can the plants be planted from mid-May in the field, ie in the tomato house.
What about the care of tomato plants?Since tomato plants are quite sensitive to too much closeness and too much water, the gardener should put the plants in the field with sufficient distance. If they are too close together, the plants will not dry so well and the persistent moisture makes the plant more susceptible to diseases, especially fungal diseases. It is also important to help the still very small plants with a stick in the ground, so that they do not break off. On this rod, the plants can be loosely bound. If the tomato plants grow strongly, they have to be tied up again and again to avoid kinking. Only after one month outdoors then the first fertilizer application takes place. In order to develop sufficient power for the flowers, it is important to spice out the tomato plants.
That is, the shoots growing from the leaf axils are removed with the fingers. It is not advisable to use a knife here in order not to injure the plant and thus to provide a target for diseases and germs. Also, sick or yellow leaves must be removed immediately to direct all power into the main shoot of the tomato and of course in the fruiting. Failure to remove the shoots about twice a week will cause strain and fruit to fail to grow satisfactorily. In order to fertilize the tomato plants at the root, it may be helpful to place a small clay pot on the plant foot in order to be able to deliberately introduce watering. In no case should the gardener pour the plants over the foliage.
If these care tips are followed, it is no wonder to harvest fresh, juicy and red tomatoes from your own garden. From about the end of August, the new flowers will also be removed in the further care of the plants, since the time until the end of the season would not be enough to produce strong fruits. Tomatoes are harvested between June and October, depending on the variety.
Care tips in the summary
- Sow from mid-March in the room greenhouse
- Exposure to outdoor from mid-May, when the ground frost is over
- outgrowth of the shoots growing in the leaf axils
- never fertilize over the leaves
- sunny, but rain-protected location makes sense
Worth knowing about tomato careAlso important is the right location. He should be sunny, warm and protected, especially from rain. Also waterlogging and stagnant air are not tolerated. It is ideal if the plants are under one roof, where they can not get wet.
Already in the fall one prepares the soil for the tomato plants. When planting itself, the soil must have a minimum temperature of 15 degrees Celsius. Organic substances (manure, compost) are mixed under the potting soil. Peat, clay and clay should not be used. The planting distance is depending on the variety between 80 and 110 centimeters. The pot ball is used to a maximum of 2/3. The tomato plants must be supported, depending on the variety with rods, rings, pegs, strings, nets or grids.
If you cover the ground around the tomato plants with mulch foil or mulch, you will reach a higher soil temperature. The weeds are suppressed, ideal moisture is ensured and the risk of infection from the ground drops.
It is important to ausge the tomato plants, so remove the unwanted side shoots. So the excessive growth is prevented. Air can circulate well, the plant gets enough light and the yield is increased. You break out the shoots, do not cut!
Yellowed and sick leaves are regularly removed from the plant. Also you can take away the bottom leaves, but only up to the height of the harvested fruits. The plants can be tipped off so they do not get too tall. The right time is about six to eight weeks before the end of culture (early August). The interface is three leaves above the last harvestable grape.
The tomato plants have a high water requirement. It is best to pour in the morning. Foliage and stalk base should not be moistened. You pour regularly and avoid extreme changes. It is important that wet feet are avoided, so no stagnant water!
Tomatoes are heavy eaters. They need a lot of nutrients. In the trade there are special tomato fertilizers. You can use organic or mineral fertilizers.
For tomatoes in the greenhouse, regular ventilation is important, preferably automatically. Also, the humidity must be high.