Form shrubs in the garden - care, cutting, cutting

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In this case cheating is not only allowed, but desirable: ball maple, pillar juniper and Co. pretend high cutting skills. - You think your garden is still missing something? Something that emphasizes the formal character or lushes the lushly flowering perennial beds and calms the eye?
Her first thought: shrubs and trees, which are cut into geometric shapes. If only the annoying cutting would not be, you mean? This excuse does not apply! There are plants that grow in the first years by themselves in the right shape: to balls, cones or columns. Only if you absolutely want a square, you still have to grind the scissors.
Formcultures for garden design
The big advantage of these logs: With their compact growth, they not only find space in the smallest garden, but also fit into any garden style. The effect of the plants depends on their shape:

  • Balls are considered eye-catchers. They fit particularly well with stairs and walls or between naturally growing perennials.
  • Column-shaped, vertical trees appear closer than horizontal and therefore reduce the size of a garden visually.
  • Individually represent a striking point in the garden, planted in series they point a direction or form green walls.
  • Between groundcovering plants, both forms are impressive. Trees and shrubs form the framework of a garden, especially evergreens that look the same all year round.
Quite different is the case with many deciduous shrubs: they flower, produce fruits and later lose their leaves. By the branches, however, the shape-cutting effect is retained even then. In general, spring and autumn are considered as a planting time for deciduous shrubs. Potware can be used year-round, except in frosty conditions. Evergreen deciduous trees and conifers are planted in April or September. In tree nurseries, you can seek advice and trust in getting the right varieties.
Woods in figure form
Hardly anyone can resist the engaging and versatile nature of a boxwood. In rural areas you can sometimes see him leaning against the garden fence: a big, old boxwood (Buxus sempervirens). Its branches are used again and again today to process traditional tufts or wreaths. Far more often you can cut the shrub into shape, which makes it ideal, as it drives out again and again.
Due to the slow growth, the figures last quite a long time. Unfortunately, hardly anyone has the patience to use high book hedges. Too bad, because they are many times more beautiful and dense than hornbeam. Privet or thuja. What many do not know: There are about 60 different varieties of books, of which only about a dozen are in the trade. They are all evergreen, but not every variety is suitable for any purpose. For the typical in the cottage garden enclosure hedges, which make the beds look neat and let the colorful flowers shine even more, you do not choose a variety that grows to huge solitary shrubs. Buchs prefers calcareous, warm and dry soil, but tolerates almost all locations.
The best trees for a shape cut
When it comes to really impressive shape cuts, every well-read gardener immediately falls into the boxwood, from which he was already able to look at magnificent pictures of partly centuries-old trees. Almost every country that has developed a park culture has also cut boxwood trees to shrubs, they seem to be extremely well suited for a shape cut. In fact, the boxwood has an advantage that predestines it for the shape of cut: Pretty small and fairly close together leaves that make any shape even with small plant volume visible (imagine, you should have an American basswood with 25 cm cut large leaves into a recognizable shape, which would then be quite large, until you can see clear outlines).
  • boxwood
Box trees are the first choice if you ever want to have a complicated figure in your garden, and under these box trees you can also choose: There are many varieties of books that are equally well suited for different shape cuts. If you are looking for a tree nursery with different varieties of boxwood, you will be able to tell which boxwood tree is best for the figure you are looking for. The company of dr. rer. medic. Jürgen W.H. Niebuhr from 71686 Remseck specializes in boxwood cuts, in addition to finished trimmed forms you can but also purchase numerous boxwood varieties.
  • Conifers
The advantage of the box trees many coniferous trees would actually offer to a greater extent, because they form extraordinarily close together needle leaves (yes, these are leaves), the conifers have but in relation to the shape of cut another, serious disadvantage: They can be cut well only in exceptional cases, spruce, fir, cypress and fir can not be forced into a shape by cutting at all. Only the European yew tolerates such intensive cutting measures that a shape can arise. Although pine and juniper can also be cut quite well, here are only figures conceivable that already offers the natural growth form.
If you have no more form requirements than designing a simple straight (hedgerow) wall or plain pyramid, you could take advantage of the natural growth habit of other coniferous woods: some cypress trees and some tree-growth varieties with columnar growth can be straightened as hedges, cut vertical walls, many trees of life grow naturally conical and can be quickly cut into a neat pyramid.
  • fruit trees
The next candidate for a shape cut is the fruit tree, and here again, the mold trees known under the term "trellises" can look back on a tradition that has been perfected for centuries. Therefore, the installation of a trellis also requires a lot of expertise, and the maintenance effort can also overtax a working hobby gardener.
It is conceivable that the rearing of a fruit tree as a form of wood on the trellis, if you join the trend observed for years, to allow a more freewheeling growth and not to insist on the classic strict form. In the past, pears were most commonly grown on the trellis, then apricots and peaches; B. specially bred apple trees and other "Säulenststbäume" offered, which are to grow by nature particularly narrow. However, these breeds are not always convincing in terms of taste, if you do not see the shape "so close", you could also try a normal fruit tree from a good nursery, which should then be planted in the fall, so that it is well rooted next spring and you can start shaping.
Tips for cutting a shaped wood
Box trees have to be trimmed very regularly, so that they eventually give a beautiful shape figure, they are doing at the same time more dense in the foliage:
  • Therefore, the shape-cutting begins with the small boxwood, and he will keep you busy for many years until the figure has reached an impressive size, because the book grows at a rather leisurely pace. That's why the shapes that emerge are all the more beautiful, and that's why you're not allowed to spend a lot of money on a finished book shape figure.
  • The main cut of the boxwood takes place in March and then again in September, in summer the shape is corrected again in between, cut is always in overcast skies, so that the fresh cut surfaces do not burn.
When designing any shape, the basic principle for the shaping of a tree helps you: You look at your desired plant, think about the direction in which the shape should develop, and simply cut off the growing shoots regularly. With the above-mentioned smears any woody plant can be formed, the frequent pruning (spring, autumn and in between) promotes the compact growth and gradually makes the desired shape stand out more and more clearly.
  • When you work with a pair of scissors on a shaped wood, you should always look at the plant again and again from a distance while cutting, so you can see where the next cut is to be made.

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