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In this case cheating is not only allowed, but desirable: ball maple, pillar juniper and Co. pretend high cutting skills. - You think your garden is still missing something? Something that emphasizes the formal character or lushes the lushly flowering perennial beds and calms the eye?
Her first thought: shrubs and trees, which are cut into geometric shapes. If only the annoying cutting would not be, you mean? This excuse does not apply! There are plants that grow in the first years by themselves in the right shape: to balls, cones or columns. Only if you absolutely want a square, you still have to grind the scissors.
Formcultures for garden design
The big advantage of these logs: With their compact growth, they not only find space in the smallest garden, but also fit into any garden style. The effect of the plants depends on their shape:
- Balls are considered eye-catchers. They fit particularly well with stairs and walls or between naturally growing perennials.
- Column-shaped, vertical trees appear closer than horizontal and therefore reduce the size of a garden visually.
- Individually represent a striking point in the garden, planted in series they point a direction or form green walls.
- Between groundcovering plants, both forms are impressive. Trees and shrubs form the framework of a garden, especially evergreens that look the same all year round.
Woods in figure form
Hardly anyone can resist the engaging and versatile nature of a boxwood. In rural areas you can sometimes see him leaning against the garden fence: a big, old boxwood (Buxus sempervirens). Its branches are used again and again today to process traditional tufts or wreaths. Far more often you can cut the shrub into shape, which makes it ideal, as it drives out again and again.
Due to the slow growth, the figures last quite a long time. Unfortunately, hardly anyone has the patience to use high book hedges. Too bad, because they are many times more beautiful and dense than hornbeam. Privet or thuja. What many do not know: There are about 60 different varieties of books, of which only about a dozen are in the trade. They are all evergreen, but not every variety is suitable for any purpose. For the typical in the cottage garden enclosure hedges, which make the beds look neat and let the colorful flowers shine even more, you do not choose a variety that grows to huge solitary shrubs. Buchs prefers calcareous, warm and dry soil, but tolerates almost all locations.
The best trees for a shape cut
When it comes to really impressive shape cuts, every well-read gardener immediately falls into the boxwood, from which he was already able to look at magnificent pictures of partly centuries-old trees. Almost every country that has developed a park culture has also cut boxwood trees to shrubs, they seem to be extremely well suited for a shape cut. In fact, the boxwood has an advantage that predestines it for the shape of cut: Pretty small and fairly close together leaves that make any shape even with small plant volume visible (imagine, you should have an American basswood with 25 cm cut large leaves into a recognizable shape, which would then be quite large, until you can see clear outlines).
If you have no more form requirements than designing a simple straight (hedgerow) wall or plain pyramid, you could take advantage of the natural growth habit of other coniferous woods: some cypress trees and some tree-growth varieties with columnar growth can be straightened as hedges, cut vertical walls, many trees of life grow naturally conical and can be quickly cut into a neat pyramid.
- fruit trees
It is conceivable that the rearing of a fruit tree as a form of wood on the trellis, if you join the trend observed for years, to allow a more freewheeling growth and not to insist on the classic strict form. In the past, pears were most commonly grown on the trellis, then apricots and peaches; B. specially bred apple trees and other "Säulenststbäume" offered, which are to grow by nature particularly narrow. However, these breeds are not always convincing in terms of taste, if you do not see the shape "so close", you could also try a normal fruit tree from a good nursery, which should then be planted in the fall, so that it is well rooted next spring and you can start shaping.
Tips for cutting a shaped wood
Box trees have to be trimmed very regularly, so that they eventually give a beautiful shape figure, they are doing at the same time more dense in the foliage:
- Therefore, the shape-cutting begins with the small boxwood, and he will keep you busy for many years until the figure has reached an impressive size, because the book grows at a rather leisurely pace. That's why the shapes that emerge are all the more beautiful, and that's why you're not allowed to spend a lot of money on a finished book shape figure.
- The main cut of the boxwood takes place in March and then again in September, in summer the shape is corrected again in between, cut is always in overcast skies, so that the fresh cut surfaces do not burn.
- When you work with a pair of scissors on a shaped wood, you should always look at the plant again and again from a distance while cutting, so you can see where the next cut is to be made.