Shrub peonies - plants, care, cutting

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Blooming trees in the garden? The shrub peony has an amazing vigor, it can even be pulled to trees and cut as a hedge. In addition she brings a lot of beautiful flowers, is extremely robust and easy to care for - why is this fabulous plant is not actually in every garden?
Wanted poster of the shrub peony

Their homeland has the shrub peony in China's high mountains, there is not the ground

just lush, and it is not particularly warm. A good location in our gardens offers the shrub peony an almost luxurious supply, through which it likes to develop and rich.

Several species of shrub peonies are available from us. Popular is the yellow flowering Paeonia lutea, which is the starting point of many American peonies and the red flowering Paeonia delavayi. These varieties are bred in Europe and the US, there are many exciting developments and hybrids to discover. Even old varieties are being rediscovered, under the collective name of Paeonia suffruticosa hide exceptional species of ponies, which were known in China before about 1000 known and famous. In China and Japan, too, brisk breeding activities have spawned peonies with such sonorous names as "Flight of the Cranes", "Dancing Green Lion" or "Red of the Morning Cloud".

A particularly recommendable breeding form is the Paeonia rockii, whose wild form is still flourishing in China today. This group of peonies produces plants that combine exceptional beauty with pleasing robustness, a great plant for the easy-care garden. The Rockii peonies spread very pleasant scent in the garden, impress with their concise inner flower drawing, but otherwise represent in growth and behavior absolutely the naturally robust wild character of their ancestors.

Plant shrub peonies

The variety of the offered varieties of shrub peony is very irritating, but unfortunately there is a difficulty: Not all of the offered varieties are grown with us, many are imported "rootless" from far away countries. Rootless means that all soil and every fine root has been removed down to the main roots, so the plants have to fight after planting. Because peonies are planted in the fall and have to make it in the time to dormancy, so many new fine roots to form, that the supply of the plant during budding in the spring is secured. Bare specimens often do not manage that, they still live for a while from the main root and then come in the next summer often. So you should either try to get pulled plants with strong root balls here, or adjust to a significant loss ratio if exotic newcomers were too tempting. By the way, you can also try to grow peonies out of seeds, but with a germination period of up to three years you need a bit of patience.

The young plant is then placed in a sunny to partially shaded spot with well water permeable soil. Peonies can also be planted on small ramparts, if the actual soil does not let the water through well enough.

The soil should be normally nutrient rich, if the peony has a large root ball, it is usually satisfied even with a barren soil. You can plant such plants until mid-October, when it is still warm enough. Rootless peonies should, however, be set as early as possible in the fall (from the end of August), so they have better odds, still

To form fine roots. Please do not plant at full sun, rather in the drizzle. The root parts and the finishing points must be covered with earth three to four centimeters. So that the plant can grow well, you can bring some well rotted humus and fertilize with horn shavings or natural lime.

Well-grown peonies are undemanding, lean soil without fertilizer even stimulates them to special efforts in rooting. Newly-planted peonies get winter protection in the root area in the first year, so the root is covered with soil or mulch.

Care of shrub peonies

If the peony is reluctant to sprout in the spring, the garden soil may be too moist, sometimes draining may help. Weeds should be tackled without hacking, otherwise you could quickly catch the peonies' roots.

When the shrub peony drives out, the fresh shoots are still pretty fragile. Now it is important to watch if mushrooms show, but that is rare and then usually lies on too acid soil. The soil then gets a little bit of lime, the mushroomy shoots are generously cut out and disposed of without contact with other plants. More can not happen, peonies are slightly toxic, which spoils the appetite of insects, voles and snails.

The flowering branches are then very robust, more than occasional watering you do not need to do anymore. The inflorescences may remain on the plant and form fruit stalks. You can harvest seeds for your own propagation from the fruits or use the decorative stems for floristic art.

Shrub peonies form powerful shrubs with time, which can be cut to size as desired, when you remove the fruit stalks. For very radical pruning in very cold weather you should then use a wound closure agent.

The older the shrub peony, the less care it needs, after a few years, even in dry years, it does not need water from human hands. Also weeds displace strong peonies very strong.

By the way, shrub peonies live up to their name: at Pentecost, they make a wonderful ornament for the Pfingsttafel. There are some tricks that can be used to keep peonies in the vase long.

Video Board: How to Fertilize & Trim Peonies in the Spring : Garden Savvy.

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