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Anyone who plants their own bees in the garden with bee-friendly trees and shrubs can not only enjoy the beautiful flowers, but also do something good for nature. The experts at the Institute for Bee Research and Apiculture at the Bavarian State Institute for Viticulture and Horticulture in Veitshöchheim also call for this. The reason: Thanks to intensified agriculture and cultivation, pollen and nectar collectors can not find enough flowers over wide areas.
Beekeepers often have to feed in the summer because there are not enough natural food sources around their beehives. With bee pastures, ie trees and shrubs that provide high-quality nectar and pollen between April and October, we can encourage the honey bees. And: Other beneficial insects such as wild bees and bumblebees benefit from it.
The honey tree (Euodia hupehensis, height five to seven meters), also called the thousand flower tree, is one of the most important bee pastures in late summer. The feathered leaves smell aromatic
As bee pasture or costume are called flowering plants, the bees are looking for their diet - including surprisingly many from our point of view, rather inconspicuous flowering species. The pollen is collected at the hind legs and serves to feed the larvae. One bee pollinates more than 1000 flowers every day! Nectar and honeydew are brought to the production of honey, the insect's energy source.
The experts from Veitshöchheim recommend a mix of spring, summer and autumn flowers for the garden. Cornish cherry, currant and pear make their start, in summer blooming privet, robinia and snow berry and in autumn ivy.
Bee-friendly shrubs and trees for spring
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Bee friendly trees for the spring
Ash Maple (Acer negundo): pollen supplier in March, tolerates heat and drought, cut tolerant. Height: five to seven meters
Forest tupelo tree (Nyssa sylvatica): after 15 years small flowers in April and May on acid moist soil. Bees produce the famous tupelo honey from nectar
Blood currant (Ribes sanguineum): flowering in April and May, hedge plant, slow growth, height: up to two meters
Flower ash (Fraxinus ornus): fragrant flowers in late May / early June, very good pollen supplier, picturesque growth, height: eight to ten meters
Robinia (Robinia pseudoacacia): flowering May / June, popular honey tree, height: up to 25 meters
Tulip tree (Liriodendron tulipifera): flowering May / June, valuable bee pasture, golden yellow autumn color, height: 25 to 35 meters
Rowan (Sorbus aucuparia): flowering in May / June, fruit decoration in autumn, height: 6 to 12 meters
Cherry (Prunus subhirtella): flowers in March / April, unfilled varieties are bee and bumblebee magnets, height: four to six meters
If you have more space, plant the sal-willow for spring, the tree-line with its June blossom as well as Baumaralie and honey tree for the late summer - these four trees are among the most popular bee magnets with maximum nectar and pollen production.
Bee-friendly shrubs and trees for the summer
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Bee-friendly groves for the summer
Olive willow (Elaeagnus angustifolia): fragrant, small, yellow flowers in June, tolerates heat and drought, height: six to eight feet
Japanese lace tree (Sophora japonica): rich bloom in June at heat-favored locations, seed pods in autumn, height: 15 to 20
Large-leaved lime (Tilia platyphyllos): fragrant flowers in June on moist soil, picturesque growth, height: up to 40 meters
Trumpet tree (Catalpa bignonioides): flowering in June / July, large leaves, height: 10 to 15 meters
Tree of Gods (Ailanthus altissima): fragrant flowers in June / July, height: 15 to 25 meters
Wild wine (Parthenocissus quinq efolia): inconspicuous flowering in June / July, climbing plant, height: eight to ten meters
Baumaralie (Kalopanax septemlobus): flowering in July / August, valuable late bee pasture, autumn color, height: five to ten meters
Ivy (Hedera helix): flowering after eight to ten years in September / October. Climbing plant, height: 10 to 30 meters